Indian Treaties Timeline

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Indian Treaties Timeline in The Weeks (1804-2003)

Ute delegation - Indian Treaties Timeline

Seated from left to right: Chief Ignacio of the Southern Utes, Carl Shurz, Secretary of the Interior, Chief Ouray and his wife, Chipeta. Standing are Woretsiz and General Charles Adams.
Photo: U.S. PD 1880

Note: It might be useful to read the first article in: PLAYERS – Timelines – Timelines M-Z
Time to Ponder to get some historical background to this issue…

It begins in America… The Nonintercourse Act

Aka: The Indian Intercourse Act or The Indian Nonintercourse Act. These are the major collective names given to six statutes passed by Congress (1790, 1793, 1796, 1799, 1802, and 1834). Over time, courts have found few legal differences between the five versions of the Act.* The various Acts regulate commerce between Americans and Native Americans, set boundaries of reservations and some other things…
The prohibition on purchases of Indian lands without the approval of the federal government has its origins in an English Royal Proclamation (1763) and a Confederation Congress Proclamation (1783). The provisions of the Intercourse Acts regulate the inalienability of aboriginal title in the United States. Which, it should be noted, has now been a continuing source of litigation for about 200 years. The Indian Intercourse Act did not pre-empt the states from legislating additional restraints on alienation of Native American lands (more litigation).
The 1834 Act also identified an area known as “Indian country“, described as being “all that part of the United States west of the Mississippi River and not within the states of Missouri and Louisiana, or the territory of Arkansas.” This is the land that became known as Indian Territory (red in the map – below). This was to dovetail with other measures to relocate Indian populations westward and create the legal structures to take their lands.
Here is an example: The acts established a series of “factories”**, which were government licensed trading posts where Native Americans were to sell their merchandise, particularly furs. The factories, were officially set up to “protect” the tribes from unscrupulous private traders. In fact, they were used as leverage, to force the tribes to cede substantial territory in exchange for access to a factory.  {001}
FYI: The Treaty of Fort Clark (1810) forced the Osage Nation to exchange most of Missouri for access to trade at Fort Clark. – Doc

Indian Nonintercourse Act of 1834 - Indian Treaties Timeline

This map reflects some terms of the Act of 1834.

Map: U.S. PD 2012, Gbbinning.
*The first four Acts expired after 4 years; the 1802 and 1834 Acts have no expiration date.
This subject is complicated well beyond the scope of Old West Daily Reader, It will take some study to get it all… – Doc
see also:
Quotes Index –  Indian QuotesGeorge Washington (1st quote)
**The Originals Index – Western Forts and Trading PostsGovernment Trading Factories
The Originals Index – Trade in the Old West
The Originals Index – Trade in the Old West – Commerce in the Old West

Here are all of the references to Indian, parlays, negotiations and Treaties.
Also some of the major players appearing in Old West Daily Reader; in date order.
There may be some strays still out there in The Weeks, please email me if you find one.
Use the link and the back button to follow the Timeline.

Week    Date                Remarks

13            03/26/1804    The first Government order to “move west”
– The beginning…

00                      /1808     Treaty of Fort Clark (ratified on April 28, 1810)

09           02/28/1823    “Discovery Doctrine
– The “original” justification for what was happening.

24           06/16/1829    Birth of Geronimo
– A known Indian birth date, rare.

22           05/28/1830    Indian Removal Act
-Push ’em West!
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