Week 36: September

Week 36: September 3rd thru 9th

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9/3 of…1779

Governor Juan Bautista de Anza+2 commenced marching his troops at 7:00 a.m., whereupon some Comanche warriors appeared, promptly joined by others. As the military progressed toward the Comanches, two flanking columns held wooded areas to the left and right of their four main columns (two forward and two back). The Comanche force of more than forty advanced to almost within gunshot and fired their own muskets (captured but a few days before). Cuerno Verde+2, in his green-horned headdress, appeared riding proudly on his spirited horse.
To divide Cuerno Verde from the others, Anza withdrew as though in retreat. The Comanches began to pursue the troops, but Cuerno Verde understood the trap and sent his men back to safety. Then Anza used the columns in the woods to cut off Cuerno Verde and his leaders from the rest of his warriors; the chief and his guard were encircled and killed. The Spanish suffered but one slight bullet wound.  {003}


Cuerno Verde - Week 36Dead in battle somewhere between present day Pueblo, CO, and Colorado City — possibly in a gully of the St. Charles River — is Comanche leader Tabivo Naritgant (Dangerous Man). He was known to his Spanish foes as Cuerno Verde+2 (Green Horn) for his practice of wearing a horned headdress with the horns tinted green. His father had been killed by the Spanish, and under the Comanche creed binding him to avenge the death, he took his father’s name and dedicated himself to killing Spaniards. Governor Juan Bautista de Anza+2 led his diverse force of Spanish troops with Apache and Pueblo auxiliaries on a punitive expedition against the Comanche. Tabivo Naritgant was trapped with fifteen others who died alongside him, including his firstborn son and heir to his command, four of his most powerful commanders, a medicine man who believed him to be immortal, and ten other warriors. The Spanish allowed the remainder to escape unhindered. Hostilities in the area declined following Green Horn’s death. The chief is remembered today in numerous place names throughout the area east and south of Pueblo, CO. Photo: U.S. PD pre-1779.  {003}


The largest of the skirmishes in the campaign to avenge the Grattan Massacre, the Battle of Ash Hollow, Garden County, NE. Troops under the command of Col. Wm. S. Harney surrounded a Brule’ Sioux village, killed a number of the inhabitants and took seventy prisoners. The Sioux named Harney “Woman Killer” and the Plains War went on for another twenty-plus years.  {001}
Wk. 33, 08/19/1854 – The Grattan Massacre
Wk. 19, 05/09/1889 – General William S. Harney


The side-wheeler S.S. Central America, safely around the Horn from San Francisco, departs from a short stopover in Cuba. She is bound for New York with 578 people, and 9.1 tons of California gold…  {001}


Ira Aten born in Cairo, IL. Gunfighter.  {001}


Battle of White Stone Hill - Harpers - Week 36 Battle of Whitestone Hill: Brigadier General Alfred Sully attacked a mixed village of Hunkpapa, Santee, Sihasapa, Teton and Yanktonai Sioux. An estimated 100 to 300, including women and children were killed or  wounded with 156 captured. (Some believe that a younger Sitting Bull may have been present at the battle but escaped.) Sully ordered the camp (300 tipis) burned, and along with it, the Indians winter supplies, thousands of pounds of dried buffalo meat. This was the culmination of the 1863 operations. Sully’s troops suffered 22 killed and 38 wounded and marched to Fort Pierre, SD to garrison for the winter. The conflict would continue with another campaign in 1864. Opinions appear mixed as whether this was a battle or a massacre. Litho: U.S. PD 1863 by Unknown – Harper’s Weekly, 10/31/1863.  {001}


Eight year old Franklin Robbins and his eleven year old brother George are killed by Arapaho Indians at Colorado City, CO.  {001}


The brand-new gallows at Ft. Smith, AR, swings its first six badmen (three whites, two Indians and a black man) for “Hanging” Judge Isaac Parker. There will be 73 more over the next 21 years.  {001}
see also:
Photo Gallery Index – Hangings and Shootings (Caution!)Fort Smith Gallows


Ed Schieffelin - 1880 - Week 36Ed Schieffelin recorded his first silver claim at Tombstone, AZ. This man had immense personal courage, wandering alone out there in deadly Indian country. Folks about told him that all he would ever find out there was his tombstone. So, that’s what he named the mine that made him a rich man. Photo: U.S. PD c. 1870’s, unknown. Note that he doesn’t have his prospecting equipment but he does have the other “tools” necessary for survival out there in the countryside.  {001}


Willow Station, NV. The express stage is taken by A.J. “Big Jack” Davis (killed), Bill & Bob Hamilton and Tomas Lauria.  {001}


The Santa Fe +2 train is taken at Mound Valley, KS, by Wm. “Billy the Kid” Chadburn, Claude Shepard and Hance Hydrick. Railroad messenger Charles A. Chapman is gunned down by Shepard.  {001}


Near Folsom, NM. Black Jack Ketchum and his gang rob the Santa Fe +2 train at Twin Mountains.  {001)


Alan Walbridge Ladd born in Hot Springs, AR. Movie star.  {001}


Duncan Renaldo as The Cisco Kid - Week 36Duncan Renaldo (Renault Renaldo Duncan), the “Cisco Kid”, age 76, died in Goleta, CA. A “B” movie actor, best remembered for his portrayal of “The Cisco Kid” in the Ziv TV series of the same name — along with sidekick “Pancho” played by Leo  Carrillo. They made 156 episodes from 1950 to 1956. Horse: Diablo.  Photo: U.S. PD, Promo shot – Duncan Renaldo as The Cisco Kid.  {001}
Wk. 37, 09/10/1961 – Leo  Carrillo

9/4 of… 1818

Lucian Bonaparte Maxwell born in Kaskasia, IL. New Mexico rancher.  {001}


The Compromise of 1850 was a complicated agreement between free and slave states over congressional power balance and the slave status of western territories (among other things). It was said to have delayed the oncoming civil war by ten years. Initiated by Kentucky Senator Henry Clay and carried to completion by Stephen A. Douglas, it was not to last. Even so, the legislation had considerable effect on the creation of western territories and states.  {001}


The Eighth Hand Cart Company (Rowley) arrives safely in Salt Lake City, UT, with 235 starters; they have lost fewer than five in eighty-eight days from Florence, NE.  {001}


Charles Fay shot through the head by Thomas Calloway (aided in the attack by Warren Howell), all Texans. Located at, “…one of the dens of infamy, just suppressed north-west of town,”— Abilene Chronicle, Abilene, KS. Howell was arrested, Calloway escaped.  {001}


“Happy Jack” Morco killed by Ellsworth, KS, city policeman Charlie Brown. “Happy Jack” should have stayed in Salina.  {001}


Returned from hiding out in Mexico, Geronimo surrenders his tired little band of twenty-one men, fourteen women and four children to Gen. George Crook at Skeleton Canyon, AZ Terr. They had been pressed hard by Capt. Henry Lawton leading B Troop 4th Cavalry until Geronimo negotiated with Lt. Charles B. Gatewood*, a man well respected by the Indians. This event ended the Indian War in the West.  {001}
*Photo Gallery Index – Military Photos, Gatewood photo


PVW: Driven from their ranch after “Old Man” Mart Blevins and one brother were killed in the Pleasant Valley War, surviving family members moved to Holbrook, AZ. Apache County sheriff Commodore Perry Owens, seeking Andy Blevins on a warrant for horse theft, knocked on the door carrying a Winchester rifle. Andy opened fire but Owens, firing from the hip, shot him dead. Older brother John Blevins fired at Owens and received the same treatment, but would survive. Then a brother-in-law, Texan Mose Roberts, tried Owens with a pistol — but the hip-shooting Owens killed him as well. Owens’ last victim that day was fifteen year old Sam Houston Blevins who also found his revolver no match for the lawman’s deadly firearm.  {001}
Quotes Index – Robbers and Poets Quotes – re: Commodore Perry Owens


Lawman/outlaw Burt Alvord sets up Mexican outlaw Augustine Chalcon for capture by Arizona Ranger Captain Burton Mossman+2. Other than a few expected escape attempts en route, Chalcon is delivered without incident to Graham County sheriff Jim Parks for return to Solomonville, AZ, where he is already under a sentence to hang.  {001}


Sidekick “Chito RaffertyRichard Martin, age 76, will make no more films. His work began in the Zane Grey series with Robert Mitchum (2), West of the Pecos (1944), then with James Warren in Wanderer of the Wasteland (1945), then with Tim Holt (3), Under the Tonto Rim (1947). After that, he was sidekick to Tim Holt in 26 pictures, starting with Thunder Mountain (1947), and Masked Raiders (1949, also with Clayton Moore), through Desert Passage (1952).  {001}

9/5 of… 1847

Jesse Woodson “Dingus” James (aka Thomas Howard) born in Clay County, MO. (Outlaw)  {001}


Steamboat Arabia - Week 36, September 3rd. thru 9thThe steamboat, Arabia, was chugging up river about an hour north of Kansas City on the Missouri River bound for the settlement of Omaha City in the Nebraska Territory. Nearly 130 passengers, predominantly women and children, were just starting their evening meal when the boat struck a sycamore tree hidden beneath the muddy waters. The 171 foot boat, and her 200-ton cargo, sank in roughly 10 minutes. The passengers and crew members all survived. The Arabia is believed to be just one of more than 400 steamboats lost in the Missouri River between St. Louis and Kansas City (some 340 miles).
The Arabia’s cargo hold carried Chinese silk, English dishes, French perfume, Czechoslovakian beads, champagne and cognac, leather goods (including hides and some 2000 pairs of boots and shoes), home-canned food and supplies for farming, hunting and whole households. All this, along with the original stern, boilers and engines may be viewed at the Treasures of the Steamboat Arabia Museum in Kansas City, MO. Painting: U.S. PD Steamboat Arabia Museum?  {003}
see also:
The Originals Index – Trade in the Old West
Commerce in the Old Westaround 1856…
Photo Gallery Index – Transportation PhotosSteamboats


Twenty car loads of Texas-raised longhorn cattle head east from Abilene, KS, on the Kansas & Pacific RR.  It’s only the beginning…  {001}
References – Dictionarycowpoke


Born in Kearney, MO: William Christian, aka: Black Jack Christian, 202. Outlaw leader in the old west.  {001}


Tehachapi Loop - Week 36An engineering marvel! The Tehachapi Loop is completed and the first Southern Pacific through train from San Francisco arrives in Los Angeles, CA. (Illustration: U.S. PD USPS pictorial cancellation from the Keene, CA, post office celebrating the Loop’s 129th anniversary.)  {001}


Died: Oglala Lakota Chief Crazy Horse (Tasunke Witko III), age about 36. In response to tribal jealousies, false rumors, misinterpretations, and paranoia on the part of the army, Crazy Horse was taken from Spotted Tail Reservation (to which on the previous day he had fled from a raid on his own village) to Fort Robinson (NE). There, during considerable confusion, he was bayoneted in the guardhouse by a trooper who claimed the chief was trying to escape. His body was returned to his father. A brave and bold warrior, he was one of the finest native cavalry tacticians who ever lived. Horse: Inyan.  This is a convoluted and controversial story, look it up.  TYH!  There is no verified photo of this great warrior.   {001}
Photo Gallery Index – Indian Photos Crazy Horse, bottom of pg.


TBurton Mossman - Captain Arizona Rangers - Week 36he Diamond A Ranch sees the passing of Arizona Ranger Captain Burton C. Mossman+2. He had survived at least five gunfights during his life. Photo: U.S. PD pre- 1956.  {001}

9/6 of… 1813

Nicholas Porter Earp, father of James Cooksey, Virgil Walter, Wyatt Berry Stapp, Morgan S. and Warren Baxter, born in North Carolina.  {001}


Born: Frank Hamilton Spearman. American author of westerns and non-fiction railroad books.  {001}


Louisa Ann Swain dead at age 70. The first woman in the U.S. to vote in a public election. Laramie, WY.  {001}


Heck Thomas, bounty hunting with Deputy U.S. Marshal Jim Taylor kills murderers Jim & Pink Lee near Dexter, TX.  {001}
PLAYERS – Timelines Index – Timelines M-Z – Three Guardsmen Timeline


U.S. Deputy Marshall Bill Tilghman and company shoot up Doolin Gang member William “Little Bill” Raidler (3 hits) but he survives and is sent to prison for the Dover, OK, train Robbery. He will be released in 1903 and die a year later.  {001}
The Originals Index – Outlaw Gangs Index – Doolin Gang – Wild Bunch
PLAYERS – Timelines Index – Timelines M-Z – Three Guardsmen Timeline


Joe Davis (of Porum Range War fame…) and his gang robbed the Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific*, Pullman passengers only train; the Golden State Limited, in Apache, Cochise County, AZ, one of the last train robberies in Arizona.  {028}
*”The Rock Island Line”
see also:
PLAYERS – Timelines Master Index- Timelines A-L – Porum Range War Timeline

9/7 of… 1829

Ferdinand Vanderveer Hayden born in Westfield, MA. Army surgeon, explorer.  {001}


Born Sarah (Sallie) Belle Raymond (Herndon). Pioneer school teacher, seamstress, author.  {001}


MCW: Gambler James Cheyney lures Moses Baird and George Gladden, close friends of John Ringo, into an ambush conducted by Sheriff John Clark. Baird was killed and Gladden seriously wounded in the Mason, TX, incident. Ringo vowed revenge.! Act two of the Mason County War.  {001}


JY: The Great Northfield Minnesota Raid. The James-Younger Gang muffs it big time! One bystander is killed and a bank cashier wounded. Bill Chadwell and Charlie Pitts killed. All of the Youngers: Bob, Cole and Jim are shot up and chased down. Jesse and Frank James barely escape. Chadwell’s body was taken by medical student Henry M. Wheeler and the skeleton displayed in Dr. Wheeler’s office when it opened. This whole tale still gets everybody all worked up! Commemorated in the 1972 film The Great Northfield Minnesota Raid starring Cliff Robertson as Cole Younger.  {001}
Wk. 8, 02/21/1916 – Thomas Coleman “Cole” Younger
Wk. 42, 10/19/1902 – James “Jim” Younger


Print Olive attacks two Negro men who have only come on the ranch seeking water. He kills the man named Banks and bullwhips his companion, Donaldson. He is quickly acquitted at trial because no one in the Texas of 1876 will convict a Cattle Baron of killing a black man.  {003}


Joseph F. Seminole and Samuel Woodruff attempt to rob a very feisty Mr. Aldrich near Georgetown, CO. Aldrich drives the robbers off with a fusillade of revolver fire and then reports the incident to the Clear Creek county sheriff in Georgetown.  {001}


The James Gang robs the C&A train at Blue Cut, MO. Jesse, Frank, J.A. “Dick” Liddil, Clarence and Charley Ford.  {001}


Delta, CO. Outlaw Tom McCarty, brother Bill McCarty, and Bill’s son Fred McCarty attempt a hold-up of the Farmers and Merchants Bank of Delta, Colorado. Tom and Bill went into the bank while Fred held the horses. Things went immediately awry. Cashier A. T. Blachey commenced to call for help and a crowd started forming outside. Taking what they could in a hurry, the robbers killed Blachey, wounded the assistant cashier, and made for their horses. Local hardware merchant Ray Simpson took a new rifle off his shelves and shot Bill in head as the bandits raced past. Bill’s son Fred returned to help his fallen father and he, too, died from Simpson’s accurate fire. Tom escaped the hastily formed posse and allegedly forsook the outlaw trail henceforth.  {001}


Nathaniel Ellsworth “Zip” Wyatt, aka Wild Charlie, Dick Yeager (b. 1863), dies of wounds received during three furious shootouts with posses during July and August.  {001}


Jeff Mariotte - Western author - Week 36Jeffery “Jeff” Mariotte born in Park Forest IL. This fellow is a writer! Comic Books, Horror novels, Angel novels, Western novels and a great deal more… (70+ books*).  {001}
References – Books, Novels and History (non-ref) –       Jeff Mariotte


First release of the color remake of 3:10 to Yuma (2007) starring Russell Crowe and Christian Bale. As with many of the newer versions of western classics, this is a good one. Watch ’em both, see the changes in the story and character interpretations.  {001}
Wk. 32, 08/07/1957 – 3:10 to Yuma

9/8 of… 1786

The Continental Congress of the United States authorized the issuance of the US dollar and  approved it to be released in a variety of denominated coins and currency bills. The term ‘dollar’ had already been in common usage since the colonial period when it referred to eight-real coin (Spanish dollar) used by the most settlers in the new world.  {001}
Wk. 08/02/21/1857 – Coinage Act of 1857


George Crook born in Taylorville, OH. Union army general, Indian fighter.  {001}


Eleanor Dumont - Madame Moustache - Week 36Unbearable gambling losses and an overdose of morphine take “Madame Moustache” to the Great Casino in the Sky. Born in France (likely) c. 1834, Eleonore Alphonsine Dumant came to America to become Eleanor Dumont and a gambling legend in her own time. Beautiful and an accomplished dealer of Twenty-One and other games, she was said to have played in Deadwood, SD, Fort Benton, MT, San Francisco, CA, Tombstone, AZ, and Nevada City, NV. As she aged and her appearance faded, the famous mustache grew in; she added prostitution to her repertoire and later became a successful madame. Her funeral was well attended by a broad selection of the citizens of Bodie, CA. Look her up, there’s more… Photo: U.S. PD pre-1879  {001}
see also:
The Originals Index – Resources and Hazards – Plants
Medicinal PlantsOpium Poppy & Patent Medicines


T: The Sandy Bob Bisbee line stage is held up near Bisbee, AZ, and the bandits get away with $2,500 of Wells Fargo money. A posse consisting of Deputy Sheriff Billy Breakenridge, Fred Dodge, and Morgan and Wyatt Earp immediately take to the field. They arrest Behan deputy Frank Stillwell along with Pete Spence, generating even more hard feelings between the Earps and the cowboys.  {001}


Former president Ulysses S. Grant drove in the final “golden spike” on the Northern Pacific Railroad in western Montana. Construction had began in 1870 and now the main line was open from the Great Lakes to the Pacific Ocean as the name had promised.


The surviving Chiricahua Apaches (fewer than 500) were put on the train for Florida, where 119 died within 3 years. Held prisoner there and at Ft. Sill, OK, for the next 27 years, very few ever returned to their homeland in Arizona.  {001}


Luke Short - Week 36Luke L. Short {24}, born 1854, died of dropsy at Geuda Springs, KS. Whiskey runner, gambler, army scout, saloon owner and notorious gunfighter, he was a friend of Wyatt Earp, Doc Holliday, Bat Masterson and Charlie Bassett. Short was a one time part owner of the Long Branch Saloon in Dodge City, KS, (1883) and the White Elephant Saloon in Ft. Worth, TX (1887). Namesake for the modern Western author Luke Short*.  {001}
*Wk.33, 08/18/1975 – Frederick Dilley Glidden


Galveston, TX hurricane - 1900 - Week 36A hurricane ripped through Galveston, TX bringing a 15-foot storm surge to community situated less than 9 feet above sea level. Destroying numerous homes and buildings, the storm killed an estimated six to eight thousand people. This hurricane remains the worst weather-related disaster in U.S. history in terms of loss of life. Although sophisticated weather forecasting technology didn’t exist at the time, the U.S. Weather Bureau had issued warnings telling people to move to higher ground. The advisories were largely ignored by residents and vacationers. The storm has been rated a Category 4 by today’s standards. Photo: U.S. PD internet.  {001}


The first episode of Star Trek plays on NBC television. Producer Gene Roddenberry had described the show to Desilu Studios in 1964 as “a wagon train to the stars”.

9/9 of… 1850

California Seal - Week 36California becomes the 31st state. “The Golden State” California Seal, U.S. PD.  {001}


New Mexico Territory 1850 - Week 36As part of the Compromise of 1850 the New Mexico Territory was organized and incorporated under the United States of America. The graphic shows the original boundaries, plus the Gadsden Purchase* of 1854  which was incorporated into the territory. Graphic: U.S. PD 2008 XcepticZP.  {001}
*Wk. 17, 04/25/1854 – Gadsden Purchase


Utah Territory - Week 36Partly in response to petitions from Mormon pioneers and as part of the Compromise of 1850 the Utah Territory is organized and incorporated. Graphic: U.S. PD 2008 Mangoman88 from 1855 Colton Map of Utah-Arizona.  {001}


Shoshone and Bannock Indians attack an immigrant train led by one Elijah Otter. Most of the travelers are brutally killed and the few survivors report that four young children from the Van Ornum family have been taken captive. The Oregon Trail, Washington Territory, present day Oregon.  {001}


Mary Hunter Austin born on September 9, 1868 in Carlinville, Illinois. American author.  {003}


Henry McCarty (16 yrs) kills Thomas Moore (20 yrs) with a twelve inch cheese carving knife at Dwire’s Store in the Fourth Ward, Manhattan, NY. McCarty flees back to New Mexico to become Henry Antrim — but he will soon be “Billy the Kid”.  {001}


Tombstone, AZ, the Grand Hotel opened with an invitation only ball. Richly appointed with elegant chandeliers, thick Brussels carpets, walnut and silk-covered furniture, a fine selection of oil paintings, toilet stands and kitchen replete with hot and cold running water. Sporting 16 rooms “with a view”, it boasted facilities sufficient to serve some 500 people in the span of a couple of hours. Western elegance at its best!  In its time, the establishment hosted such famous personalities as Wyatt and Virgil Earp, Doc Holliday and Red Sash Gang members Billy and Ike Clanton, Frank and Tom McLaury, as well as numerous others. It became the “headquarters” of The Cowboys when they were in town. Unfortunately, the hotel did not survive the great fire of 05/23/1882*.  {001}
*Wk. 21, 05/23/1882 – Grand Hotel
The Originals – Lost Treasures in the Old West Grand Hotel


Survivors of the Archer Brothers Gang:  Matt Burns, John and Louis Owens, Three-Fingered Jack and Tom Yoas, aka: “Bravo Juan” attempt a train robbery at Cochise, AZ. It does not go well. Express agent Jeff Milton puts a load of buckshot into Three Finger Jack and worse, this train, wasn’t the one carrying the Fort Huachuca payroll. The take was 17 Mexican pesos, Sheriff Scott White soon takes Burns and the Owens brothers in a pass up in the Dragoon Mountains. Bravo Juan was captured shorty after.  Jeff Milton‘s arm was shattered by a bullet during the robbery attempt. It ended his career. Jack died of his wounds a few days later.   {001}


Founded by Frank and Ella Boyer under the requirements of the Homestead Act,* the first all-black settlement in New Mexico, the Blackdom Townsite Company was incorporated in Chaves County New Mexico, on 15,000 acres (61 km2), about 18 miles south of Roswell. By 1908, the community had a weekly newspaper, a hotel, a blacksmith shop, a Baptist church and 25 families with about 300 people.
However, 1916 to the early 1920’s, saw worms in the crops, alkali buildup in the soil, and the depletion of the natural wells of the Artesia aquifer, which provided most of the water for the farms. The settlers began drifting away and by 1921, even the Boyer’s home had been repossessed, forcing them away as well. Today Blackdom is remembered by a highway historical marker and local events. Photos: U.S. PD pre-1923, LH – Frank and Ella Boyer, RH – Blackdom Baptist Church.  {001}
see also:
Wk. 16, 04/18/1877 – Nicodemus, KS
*Wk. 20, 05/20/1862 – Homestead Act
Players – Timelines – Timelines A-L – Black History Timeline


The Cowboy Artists of America opened their first annual exhibition at the (then) National Cowboy Hall of Fame in Oklahoma City, OK. Work from the four founders and ten other artists filled out the show. Founder George Phippen had died that spring.  {001}
Wk. 26, 06/26/1965 – Cowboy Artists of America

barbed wire divider2 - Week 36End: Week 36, September 3rd. thru 9th.
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{001} C 05/21; E 08/20: F 01/16; P 05/21

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