Week 02: January

Week 2: January 8th thru 14th

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Names in bold will be found in Players; bolded Titles in References.

1/8 of… 1774

Captain Juan Bautista de Anza begins to blaze a trail from Sonora to San Gabriel Mission in Alta California, near today’s Los Angeles. That November (1774), he was promoted to the rank of Lieutenant Colonel.  {003}

1827

Died, Pathkiller, last hereditary chief of the Cherokee (1811 – 1827). However, after 1813, he had only been the de facto chief through 1827. The actual authority in the Cherokee Nation had shifted to Charles R. Hicks, the first chief of partial European descent. The creation of the constitutional republic in 1828 led to the election of John Ross as Principal Chief. Pathkiller and Hicks had both been mentors to Ross, having identified the talented young mixed-blood Cherokee of Scots-Irish descent as the future leader of the Cherokee people.
Pathkiller’s grave appears in two places, in the woods just outside the fenced Garrett family cemetery next to the Coosa River in Centre, Cherokee County, AL …and burial site for a Colonel Pathkiller,  previously recorded as a tomb of an “unknown Indian”. This one located at the site of the old Cherokee town of New Echota.  {001}

1815

Battle of New Orleans, 01 1815 - Week 2The end of the last major battle of the War of 1812 in the American south; the defenders of New Orleans have saved the city and sent the last British Army home in defeat (gone, 18 Jan). Military issues with the Spain had been basically resolved by the Louisiana Purchase (1804). Commercial issues, such as the Northwest salmon fisheries and the fur trade were in various types of somewhat more peaceful “negotiations” with British and French neighbors to the North. Now, attention would turn to the lands of the southwest and a Mexico, not yet free of European influence. Copy of a lithograph U.S. PD 1890, Kurz and Allison, Battle of New Orleans.  {001 & 003}
see also:
Wk. 51, 12/20/1803 – Louisiana Purchase
The Originals Index – Expeditions The Fur Trade
The Originals Index – Western Forts and Trading Posts
Wk. 16, 04/21/1836 – Battle of San Jacinto
Wk. 24, 06/15/1846 – The Oregon Treaty of 1846

1856

John Veatch discovers borax: sodium borate (Na2B4O7 • 10H2O) at Tuscan Springs, CA—the beginning of borax mining in the great basin desert. Later, Francis Marion Smith* would tell everybody about borax.  {001}
see:
*Wk. 35, 08/27/1931 – “Borax” Smith
Photo Gallery Index – Mining Photos – Mining Minerals Borax

1877

Crooked civilian contractors, conniving Indian agents, no promised winter provisions, increased pressure to sell the Black Hills and the real fact of more and more victories over the tribes by the military—all caused Crazy Horse to send a peace delegation to the army. They were murdered by the military’s Crow Scouts. An angry Crazy Horse fought back with some small raids then retreated to the Tongue River Valley [Montana Territory]. Finally, Gen. Nelson Miles came out to fight. The Battle of Wolf Mountain, though large (maybe 1,000+ participants) was somewhat inconclusive as a battle, but it proved to be the final battle of the Great Sioux War. Even Crazy Horse could see that the fight had become futile. He surrendered with his band at Fort Robinson [NE] in May.  {001}

1881

Poet and novelist John Gneisenau Neihardt born near Sharpsburg, Il.  {003}

1888

As a result of the St. Louis, Arkansas & Texas train robbery of October 9th and on information from a letter from hitherto unknown outlaw Ruben Burrow to Jim Brock (Ruben unaware Brock had been taken shortly after the event…), Pinkertons and lawmen rush to Lamar County, AL and surrounded his home. However, they soon discovered that Ruben had been warned by his brother Jim Burrow at their approach and fled.  {001}

1889

 Stephen Hall Meek - Week 2Died in Etna, CA: Mountain man, trapper, frontier guide and miner, Stephen Hall Meek at 81 years. Most noted for being the “leader” of the ill-fated wagon train which took the “Meek Cutoff” (1845) and yet became the genesis of The Lost Blue Bucket Mine legend.  {001}
see:  – TrailsMeek Trail
The Originals Index – Lost Treasures of the Old West
The Lost Blue Bucket Mine

1922

Col. Charles Young - Week 2Died on duty at age 57, in Nigeria: U.S. Army Col. Charles Young. After graduating from West Point in 1889 he served as a second lieutenant in the Ninth U.S. Cavalry and Tenth U.S. Cavalry [Buffalo Soldiers]: from 1889-1890 at Fort Robinson, NE, and 1890-1894 at Fort Duchesne, UT. Military educator, author, combat leader, intelligence officer and more. This fellow had an interesting career to say the least.
A list of his “firsts”:
—acting superintendent of Sequoia and General Grant national parks (1903)
—military attaché (Liberia, 1912)
—Bird Colonel (1918)
He was the senior black officer in the U.S. Army from 1894 until his untimely death. Look him up! In today’s Army, this man would be a general officer. TYH! Photo: PD U.S. Army  {001}
see also:
Quotes Index – Commentators QuotesRenotta Young
References – Books – Novels and History (non-ref)Charles Young

1939

Dr. Charles A. Eastman - Week 2Dr. Charles A. Eastman, age 80, died in Detroit, MI. Indian writer, reformer, BIA physician on both the Pine Ridge and Crow Creek Reservations. A YMCA recruiter, he served in the governments of Theodore Roosevelt and Calvin Coolidge. Memories of an Indian Boyhood (1902), The Madness of Bald Eagle (1905), Indian Heroes and Great Chieftains (1918).  He was portrayed by Adam Beach in Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee (TV, HBO 2007). Photo: U.S. PD 1897  {001}
see:
References – Books – Novels and History (non-ref)Charles A. Eastman

1994

Emmett Maxwell "Pat" Buttram - Week 2Emmett Maxwell “Pat” Buttram, age 78, died in Los Angeles, CA. Film and voice actor, Buttram was first a sidekick to Roy Rogers then later to Gene Autry in 40 movies (the first: Strawberry Roan in 1948) and 100 television episodes (The Gene Autry Show). He did other TV (Green Acres and The Real McCoys among others. He also did numerous films and voice overs for Disney Studios before his retirement in 1980. Photo: outake from Green Acres, Pat as Mr. Haney  {001}
see also:
The Pretenders Index – Movies

1/9 of… 1857

The Fort Tejon Earthquake (CA). At an estimated 5.7, the  quake would be comparable to the April, 1906 quake at San Francisco (yet to come) but only two people were known killed. Ft. Tejon suffered considerable damage. More recent estimates put the scale at 7.9, a vastly larger quake.  {001}

1857

Comstock, Julia Bullet. Virginia City, NV. (Incomplete reference)  {001}

1861

The opening shots of the American Civil War were fired at the Union supply ship Star of the West in Charleston Harbor.  {001}

1887

The snow started to fall and the wind began to blow across the Wyoming, Montana and Dakota territories, it piled up more than sixteen inches deep on the level. The drifts were much deeper. Ranchers were ill-prepared for a storm of this magnitude. This was the beginning of The Great Die-up.  {001}
see also:
The Originals Index – Cow? What CowThe Great Die-up.

1944

Chris Madsen - Week 2The passing of Chris Madsen (Chris Madsen Rørmose) at 92 years in Guthrie, OK. He was a soldier (15 years in the U.S. Fifth Cavalry from 1876-91 and he went to Cuba with Roosevelt’s Rough Riders in 1898). Served as presidential guide (pres. Arthur) to Yellowstone (1883), and lawman [deputy U.S. Marshal (1891 for U.S. Marshal William Grimes), U.S. Marshal (Oklahoma, 1911) and Police Chief (Oklahoma City, 1916). One of the “Three Guardsmen” alongside Bill Tilghman and Heck Thomas (1889-1905). Working for U.S. Marshal Evett “E.D.” Nix and “Hanging Judge” Isaac Parker (1875-1896) and successors, they “cleaned up” the Oklahoma Territory. Aggressive and courageous, Madsen killed several of the Doolin Gang outlaws himself. Look up this amazing Dane who made himself a legend in the American West! TYH! Photo: U.S. PD pre-1923.  {001}
see also:
PLAYERS – Timelines Index – Timelines M-Z – Three Guardsmen Timeline
The Originals Index – Gunfighter Statistics
Photo Gallery Index – Hangings and Shootings (Caution!) ShootingsBill Doolin

1/10 of… 1827

Born in Ellington, CT, Henry Weston Smith: soldier, prospector, minister.  (001)

1843

Franklin “Frank” James (aka B.J. Woodson) born in Clay County, MO. Outlaw, bank robber.  {001}

1862

Samuel Colt - Week 2Inventor and industrialist Samuel Colt died in Hartford, CT, at age 47. Colt produced the first reliable repeating handgun.  Photo: U.S. PD 1857 Matthew Brady  {001}
see:
Wk 8, 02/25/1836 – Colt Paterson

1864

Henry Plummer - Week2Sheriff Henry Plummer and two deputies are hanged by vigilantes (from a gallows Plummer had built) in Bannack, Montana Territory. Now the question is: Was Henry really the mastermind behind “The Innocents”, a gang of over 100 road agents, killers and extortionists who were terrorizing the country from Virginia City to Bannack? OR… did the gang, who were really the vigilantes, set him up?? Either way, “The Innocents”, like the red sash “Cowboys” at Tombstone, AZ, were a dramatic example of organized crime in the Old West. Photo: U.S. PD  {001}
see also:
Wk. 15, 04/13/1866 – “Big Dave” Updyke
Wk. 25, 06/23/1878 – Sheriff John Larn
Wk. 23, 06/07/1912 – Sheriff John H. “Johnny” Behan

1870

The only known civil lawsuit against Jesse and Frank James was filed in Davies County, MO, Circuit Court by one Daniel Smoote seeking $223.50 for a horse, saddle, and bridle stolen as the brothers fled the murder of banker John Sheets during the robbery of the Daviess County Savings Bank in Gallatin, MO.  {001 – 003}
see:
Wk. 49, 07/1869 – Davies County Savings Bank

1880

Henry “Billy the Kid” McCarty kills Gunman Joe Grant in Hargrove’s Saloon at Ft. Sumner, NM. The Kid had previously “admired” Grant’s ivory-handled pistol, returning the piece set to call an empty chamber for the next shot.  {001}

1891

Chris Madsen musters out of the U.S. Army after fifteen years in the U.S. Fifth Cavalry, having served through numerous engagements in the Indian Wars. He will soon become a deputy U.S. Marshal serving under U.S. Marshal William Grimes in the Indian Territory (Oklahoma). He will become one of the famous Three Guardsmen.  {001}
(see: 01/09/1944 – above)

1906

Elza Lay released from a life sentence in the New Mexico Prison after helping the warden quell a riot.  {001}

1917

"Buffalo Bill" William Fredrick Cody - Week 2“Buffalo Bill” William Fredrick Cody died at age 70 in Denver, CO.  Pony Express rider, buffalo hunter, army scout, soldier, Indian fighter, western showman, conservationist. Medal of Honor 1872. TYH! Photo: U.S. PD LOC  {001}
see:
The Originals – Entertainment in the Old West
Rodeos and Wild West Shows
Photo Gallery Index – Performer Photos

1981

Richard AllenBoone 1967 - Week 2Richard Allen Boone, age 63, died in St. Augustine, FL. Actor. Included among his numerous movies are the westerns: The Tall T (1957), The Alamo (1960), Rio Conchos (1964), Big Jake (1971) and The Shootist (1976).  Boone is best known  for his role as “Paladin” on the CBS Television series Have Gun – Will Travel (1957- 1963). Photo: U.S. ©? Studio Promo, Fair Use  {001}
see also:
The Pretenders Index – Movies

1/11 of…1839

Clement Vann Rogers born in Westville, Goingsnake District, Cherokee Nation, Indian Territory. He will become a Cherokee senator and judge in Indian Territory.  {001}

1841

Governor Manual Armijo approves the petition of Mexican citizens Charles Beaubien and Guadalupe Miranda for lands bordering the Santa Fe Trail along the Sagre de Christo foothills in what will later become the New Mexico Territory. These lands will come to be The Maxwell Land Grant.  {001}

1849

Josiah Gordon “Doc” Scurloc born in Tallapoosa County, AL., gunfighter.  {001}

1887

Aldo Leopold born in Burlington, IA: American author, philosopher, naturalist, scientist, ecologist, forester, conservationist, and environmentalist.  {001}

1894

Chris Evans and Ed Morrell (Evans Gang) hold up the Southern Pacific train at Fowler’s Switch, CA. Is this the last hurrah?  {001}
see:
The Originals Index – Outlaw Gangs Index – Evans Gang (Chris)

1897

Born in Ogden UT, Bernard Augustine DeVoto, American historian, columnist, editor,  essayist, reviewer and teacher.  {001}

1906

John Myers Myers born in Northport, Long Island, NY. Writer of fiction, fantasy and history.  {001}

1909

New Mexico Governor George Curry grants a pardon to old Lincoln County War Regulator, Jose Chavez-y-Chavez. Chavez will live another quiet 15  years, passing at 72 or 73.  {001}

1912

Don “Red” Barry, the “Red Ryder”, born in Houston, TX., movie star.  {001}

1912

Harry Nicholson Morse - Week 2WebHarry Nicholson Morse, age 76, died in Oakland, CA. Forty-Niner, lawman, detective. Killed fugitive murderer Norrato Ponce in Contra Costa, CA, in 1865; in 1871, he killed Juan Soto,“The Human Wildcat” with a Henry Rifle in Sausalito Valley, CA. Morse was one of the detectives responsible for the capture of the notorious stage robber “Black Bart”. Photo: U.S. PD c. 1858  {001}
see:
Wk. 44, 11/03/1883 – Black Bart

1916

Santa Isabel, Chihuahua, Mexico: sixteen Americans, employees of the American Smelting and Refining Company, are removed from a train, stripped and executed by the Mexican Revolutionaries of Pancho Villa. The “troops” were bandits, most likely led by Rafael “Red” Lopez. The outrage from the incident certainly contributed to the formation of the Mexican Expedition of 1916.  {001}

1/12 of… 1825

Madison County, IN: James Hudson, hanged for his participation in the Fall Creek Massacre of 1824. The first white settler (of three) in the U.S. executed for the massacre of Indians.  {001}
see:
Wk. 12, 03/22/1824 – Fall Creek massacre
The Originals Index – Battlefields and Massacres – Massacres of Indians

1851

William Walker (editor of the San Francisco Herald) had criticized William Hicks Graham (a clerk for Judge R. N. Morrisonon) and his colleagues in the newspaper, angering Graham and prompting him to challenge Walker to a duel. Graham, was notorious, having previously taken part in a number of duels and shootouts. Walker, had some experience dueling with single-shot pistols, but the duel with Graham was to be fought with Colt Dragoons,* each loaded with five rounds.
Meeting at Mission Dolores, the referee set them face-to-face at ten paces and gave the command to fire. Walker, tried several times to shoot, but failed to fire a single shot. Graham fired twice, striking Walker’s pantaloons and his thigh, a serious wound. He soon conceded and the duel was over. The unscathed Graham was arrested but soon released. The duel was noted in The Daily Alta California.  {001}
see:
*Photo Gallery Index – Weapons Photos Index – Mike’s Revolvers Page 1 – second photo

1864

Soiled Doves from Bannack, MT, pan the ashes of Joe Pizanthia at his cabin thinking he might have had some gold dust on him when he was killed the day before.  {001}

1872

The Grand Duke Alexei Alexandrovich Romanov of Russia arrives in Omaha, NE, to begin what will come to be called “The Great Royal Buffalo Hunt “.  {001}
(see: 01/14 – below)

1905

Woodward Maurice Ritter,Tex Ritter” born in Murvaul, TX. Singer, movie star.  {001}

1910

Bass Reves - Week 2 Died in Muskogee, OK: Bass Reeves, age about 72. Born a slave in 1838, he escaped and lived in the Indian Territory with Seminole and Creek Indians for a time. Appointed a deputy U.S. Marshal in 1875 by Judge Isaac Parker, he served 32 years. He arrested over 3,000 felons, including his own son (for murder). By his own count, he killed fourteen men in the line of duty but was never shot himself. Reeves retired as a U.S. Marshal in 1907. A statue in his honor stands in Ft. Smith, AR.  TYH!
Photo: U.S. PD  {001}
see:
The Originals Index – Gunfighter Statistics – comment by Doc
Photo Gallery Index – Lawmen and Outlaws Photos

1915

Bank robber Henry Starr takes $2,500 from The Garber State Bank in Garber, OK.  {001}

1923

Born Ira Hamilton Hayes, a Pima Indian (Akimel O’odham [river people]). In Sacaton, in the Gila River Indian Community, Pinal County, AZ. Farmer, U.S. Marine.  {001}

1/13 of… 1864

Virginia City, MTThe Montana Vigilantes hang Clubfoot George (George Lane) who may or may not have been an outlaw (then) but may have appeared to sympathize with The Plummer Gang. Later, George was dug up during a cemetery identification project and his mummified club foot ended up in the Thompson Hickman Museum. It’s still there.  {001}

1864

Stephen Collins Foster - Week 2The death of Stephen Collins Foster, age 37, in New York, NY. America’s first professional songwriter, his music was admired across the nation and still is today: “Beautiful Dreamer“, Camptown Races“, “Jeanie with the Light Brown Hair“, “Hard Times Come Again No More“, Oh! Susanna“*, “My Old Kentucky Home“, “Old Black Joe” and “Old Folks at Home” (“Swanee River”) to name a few of the most popular. Definitely part of the background sound of the growing West!
Photo: U.S. PD  {001}
see also:
*Photo Gallery Index – Transportation PhotosThe Clipperssong version

1901

A.B. “Bud” Guthrie born in Bedford, ID., western author.  {001}

1904

Edward O’Kelley - Week 2Edward O’Kelley, “the man who killed the man who killed Jesse James” is killed trying to shoot policeman Joe Burnett in Oklahoma City, OK. Photo: U.S. PD  {001}

1929

Wyatt Berry Stapp Earp - Week 2Wyatt Berry Stapp Earp, age 81, died in Los Angeles, CA.  His last words: “Suppose, suppose…” Aside from his participation in The Gunfight at the OK Corral, he is beyond a controversial figure… The list of Wyatt articles, books, movies, etc. is a book itself. Look him up and enjoy!  {001}
see:
The Originals Index – Gunfighter Statistics
Wk.43, 10/26/1881 – OK Corral
PLAYERS – Timelines – Timelines A-L
Wyatt Berry Stapp Earp Timeline

1/14 of…1853

John Marmaduke Beckwith, born in New Mexico. Rancher, deputy, gunfighter. A participant in the Lincoln County War, as a deputy to Sheriff William Brady. Involved in the killing of John Tunstall.  Shot to death by John Jones in 1879 .  {001}

1864

Hanged by Montana Vigilantes for some of his many murders and, of course, his recent association with Henry Plummer*: Boone Helm, “The Kentucky Cannibal”, age about 36. A well-known bad man, serial killer and notorious cannibal. Joined in the necktie party by “Three Finger Jack” Garner and several others. This is finish work in the Virginia City, MT, vigilante cleanup. Witnessed by a crowd estimated at 6,000. Photo: U.S. PD pre- 1864, Boone Helm.  {001}
see:
*01/10/1864 – above
Quotes Index – Gunfighter QuotesBoone Helm {2}

1865

American Ranch Massacre: Cheyenne and Sioux warriors attack American Ranch along the South Platte River on the Eastern Plains of Colorado. Ranch hands Big Steve and Gus Hall were caught by some 100 mounted Indians as they were crossing the South Platte to cut wood. Big Steve was killed and Hall, shot in the ankle, took cover in the sand dunes, pinned down by some of the raiding party while the rest attacked the ranch. Setting the buildings on fire, the Indians quickly killed five cowboys and owner Bill Morris. His wife Sarah and their two young boys (one later killed) were taken captive . Gus Hall watched the massacre at the ranch from across the river but could do nothing. Later, though wounded twice in the foot and across his chest, he walked twelve miles down river to Wisconsin Ranch (which had also been attacked) and eventually told his tale to the U. S. Army. At American Ranch, the soldiers found nine bodies, six whites and three natives next to whiskey decanters. Hall later claimed that Bill Morris had likely poisoned the alcohol supply with strychnine, because he suspected an attack and knew the Cheyenne and Lakota would drink his whiskey.  {001}

1872

Grand Duke Alexei - Week 2George Custer and Grand Duke Alexei Alexandrovitch - Week 2On the occasion of his 22nd birthday, Grand Duke Alexi’s buffalo hunt is replete with 600 Sioux Indians led by Spotted Tail and other notable warriors, two companies each of infantry and cavalry, and a huge support train. With Lt. Col. “General” George Custer as Grand Master of the hunt, Buffalo Bill Cody coached the duke, who proved a capable hunter and who later became an admirer of America. The champagne, caviar and fantastic demonstrations of Indian skills as hunters and warriors is a tale too grand to receive full justice in the OWDR! Look this one up and get the full effect of this 19th century international event. It was actually a formal visit by the Russian Navy. Photos U.S. PD; LH, Custer and the Grand Duke; RH, Grand Duke Alexei Alexandrovich Romanov.  {001}

1878

Bat Masterson takes office as Sheriff of Ford County, KS, (with a three vote margin over Larry Deger).  {001}

1881

Tombstone, AZ. Johnny-Behind-the-Deuce kills W.P. (Henry) Schneider, chief engineer for the Tombstone Mining and Milling Co., over an alleged insult and Johnny’s heavy winnings. Schneider brought a knife to a gunfight. Johnny was saved from a lynch mob by Wyatt and Virgil Earp and other lawmen who spirited him away to Tucson.  {001}

1881

(T) Buckskin Frank Leslie sends a letter to Colt Patent Firearms Company ordering a Frontier Model in .44 cal with a twelve inch barrel: “ …first class in every respect.”  {001}

1882

Timothy H. O'Sullivan - Week 2Dead of consumption: Irish born photographer Timothy H. O’Sullivan, 42, in Staten Island, NY. Well known Civil War photographer (worked with Mathew Brady). He accompanied the U.S. Geological Expedition of the Fortieth Parallel led by Clarence King (1867-69) and the Survey West of the 100th Meridian led by Lt. George M. Wheeler (1871-74).* His historically important Western portfolios include excellent landscape views and portraits of the southwest Indians.** Gratefully, some of his work appears in The Old West Daily Reader. Photo: U.S. PD, c. 1871-74 F.G. Ludlow  {001}
see:
*The Originals Index – Expeditions
**Photo Gallery Index – Indian Photos
Photo Gallery Index – Transportation Photos
and others…

1884

Frank Taggert arrested in Apache County, AZ, by Grant County, New Mexico, Sheriff Harvey Whitehall and returned to jail in Silver City, NM, for a train robbery and murder committed on 10/24/83.  {001}

1889

The Gray County Seat War at Cimmaron, KS.  Struggling over which town is to be the county seat, the town of Ingalls deputizes Dodge City shootists Billy Ainsworth, Ed Brooks, Neal Brown, Ben Daniels, Jim Masterson, Fred Singer and Bill Tilghman, who then take a teamster and a wagon to Cimarron to abscond with the courthouse records. In the ensuing gunfight, Cimarron casualties include citizens Jack Bliss, shotgunned; Lee Fairhurst and a man named Harrington, wounded; and J.W. English, killed. The Ingalls men outside the courthouse were routed, with Ed Brooks shot in the back and both legs, and the teamster wounded. This leaves Ainsworth, Masterson and Singer, along with newly elected County Clerk N.F. Watson and past clerk A.T. Riley holed up on the second floor of the courthouse. The next day the four Ingalls men surrender and are released by the county sheriff, also an Ingalls man. Cimarron remains the county seat.  {001}

1922

Christopher Miner Spencer - Week 2Christopher Miner Spencer, dead at age 88, Windsor, CT. Prolific inventor and  holder of 42 patents, he founded two different arms manufacturing companies both of which made and sold a revolutionary firearm and then went broke. The Spencer Repeating Rifle Company (1862) which produced the Spencer Lever Action Repeating Rifle, over 100,000 of which were purchased by the Union Forces*  during the Civil War. Many of these dependable, popular rifles later migrated west. The company was sold to Oliver Winchester in 1868. In 1883 Spencer founded the Spencer Arms Company (1883-90) to manufacture the Spencer Pump Action Shotgun, the first commercially successful slide action shotgun. This company went to Francis Bannerman and Sons in 1890. Photo: U.S. PD  {001}
see:
*Wk. 33, 8/19/1863 – Show and Tell
Photo Gallery Index – Long GunsSpencer Rifle

barbed wire divider - Week 2End: Week 2, January 8th thru 14th.

{001} C 09/21; E 12/18: F 01/16; P 08/18

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