Week 15: April

Week 15: April 9th thru 15th

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Names in bold will be found in Players; bolded Titles in References.

4/9 of… 1830

Eadweard James Muybridge born in England: Pioneer Photographer. {001}


Settlers from Taos (Taoseño’s), in what will soon be the New Mexico Territory found San Luis, the first permanent settlement in what will become the Colorado Territory in another ten years.  {001}


Samuel Clemens (not yet, Mark Twain) received his steamboat pilot license at the age of 23 following two years of apprenticeship. He worked as a pilot for just two years, then the Civil War stopped commerce on the Mississippi River.  {003}
Quotes Index – Commentators QuotesMark Twain
Quotes Index – Rules to Live ByMark Twain
Photo Gallery Index – Transportation PhotosSteamboats


Palm Sunday: Appomattox Courthouse, VA sees the surrender of the Confederate Army under General Robert E. Lee to Union commander General Ulysses S. Grant. This event effectively ended the American Civil War.  {001}
see also:
PLAYERS – Timelines Index – Timelines A-L Index – Civil War Timeline


Ed Masterson - Week 1510:00 PM: Edward J. “EdMasterson, acting as a Deputy Marshal, killed in a gunfight with drunken Jack Wagner (killed) and Alf M. Walker (wounded but survived) in front of the Lady Gay; Dodge City, KS. Wagner was so close, his pistol set Masterson’s clothes on fire. Flaming and gut shot, Masterson then walked nearly two hundred yards (and crossed the railroad tracks!) to George Hoover’s Saloon to tell George Hinkle,  “George, I’m shot.” He died within the hour. Bat Masterson +2 later testified, in court, that he was across the street and attacked both cowboys. Wagner was shot once in the stomach and Walker takes one through the lungs and two in the right arm. Bat was there at the end with Ed. Cowboy poet Frank H. Maynard sang one of his poems over his friend’s grave. (Photo: U.S. PD, Date & Photographer unknown)   {001}
PLAYERS – Timelines Index – Timelines M-Z Index
Masterson, Bat, Ed and Jim Timeline


Hastings, NE: Print Olive goes on trial for the murder of homesteaders Ami Whit Ketchum and Luther Mitchell.  {003}


Martin J. “Mart” Duggan, age 39 or 40, A tough, bold, brave lawman and gunfighter, he was shot in the head from behind the night before, by an assailant he knew, but refused to identify before he died. Born in County Limerick, Ireland and raised in the Irish slums of New York; he had been a miner, a muleskinner and saloon bouncer before turning to law enforcement. His first fatal Gunfight was in Georgetown, CO (1876). Appointed by Horace Tabor (then mayor) in 1878 he served several separated stints as marshal and patrolman in Leadville, CO, cleaning up and bringing order to the rowdy town several times until his rough methods and the killing of miner Louis Lamb* made him unpopular and he quit for the last time and went heavily into drink shortly before his death. Photo: U.S. PD pre-1889 – Mart Duggan.  {001}
Wk. 47, 11/22/1880 – Louis Lamb


(Note: above entry) True to her promise, Louis Lamb’s wife delivers her “widows weeds” to Duggan’s wife and instead of dancing on his grave*, dances in front of the Texas House where he was shot!  Leadville, CO.  {001}
*Wk. 47, 11/22/1880 – Louis Lamb


Nate Champion - Week 15Johnson County War: Murdered by Regulators; Nathan D. “Nate” Champion, “King of the Rustlers” age 34 and partner Nick Ray, on the KC Ranch, WY, buried at Buffalo. Champion fought heroically against fifty Regulators who finally burned him out of the ranch house. He was shot twenty-eight times and a note was pinned to his shirt, “Cattle thieves, beware!” A journal he kept of the fight, edited by his killers to remove the names of men he had recognized, was given to Sam Clover of the Chicago Herald, a participant in the battle. In April 1892 the Wyoming Stock Growers Association had brought in hired killers from Texas by train.  An expedition of 50 men, proceeding from Cheyenne to Casper then to Johnson County. The clear intent being to eliminate alleged rustlers and replace the county government with their own men. It all went sour after they killed Nate but they did get away with the killings. Very involved in 1890’s Wyoming politics, look it up! Photo: U.S. PD pre-1892,Courtesy Time life books (The Gun Fighters), Nate.  {001}


Porum Range WarJack Davis shot and wounded at his Texanna Ranch. He claims it was Jesse Maxwell and Dan Foster.  {028}
see also:
PLAYERS – Timelines Master Index- Timelines A-L – Porum Range War Timeline


Sadie Orchard - Week 15Born c. 1859 in Mills County, IA. Died in Hillsboro, NM at 83 years, Sarah Jane “Sadie” Creech Orchard (aka: Sarah Pike and others). Said to have been a prostitute and a Madame in Silver City, NM around 1880 and then Kingston, NM beginning 1883-84, starting with a house on Virtue Ave. Business was good in the booming mining town of 5,000. She married James Orchard in 1896 and thereby became part-owner of his 10 year old stagecoach line; daily from Hillsboro to Lake Valley, occasionally to Nutt station. She claimed that she drove the coach if they couldn’t hire enough drivers (no evidence).  Concord coaches with four up teams. She eventually had three hotels in Kingston. It is uncertain where her “other” enterprises operated.
As the mining boom in Kingston faded, Sadie moved both of her operations to Hillsboro and continued to prosper, building the Hillsboro Hotel and perhaps bringing miners to her new brothel in her coaches. But Hillsboro also faded and an epidemic finished the job. Sadie died poor and was buried in Truth or Consequences, NM. Lots more, look her up! Photo: U.S. PD pre-1923 – Sadie.  {001}
see also:
The Originals Index – Entertainment in the Old West – Doves and Nighthawks
The Originals Index – Entertainment in the Old West – Doves and Nighthawks- Ladies of the Evening Photos
Photo Gallery Index – Pushin’ Up DaisiesSarah Jane Creech Orchard


ProRodeo Hall of Fame Logo - Week 15The ProRodeo Hall of Fame [Colorado Springs, CO] is run by the Professional Rodeo Cowboys Association‘s Board of Directors; opened 09/1979. Temporarily closed in early 2005 due to financial issues, then reopening on this date. “Devoted exclusively to the sport of rodeo and dedicated to the preservation of rodeo artifacts and continued interest in the sport”. The hall currently sees 40,000-50,000 visitors each year. Logo © ProRodeo Hall of Fame)  {001}
see also:
The Originals Index – Rodeos and Wild West Shows

4/10 of… 1858

Thomas Hart Benton - Week 15Thomas Hart BentonOld Bullion’, age 76, died in Washington, D.C. Legislator, a five term U.S. Senator, Benton promoted and encouraged Western Expansion (“Manifest Destiny”). He wrote the first “Homestead Acts, supported the idea of a trans-continental railroad and advocated the annexation of Texas among other issues.  TYH! [1817: Benton fought two duels with an opposing attorney, Charles Lucas, killing his opponent on the second occasion.] Painting: U.S. PD, 1861 Ferdinand Thomas Lee Boyle – National Portrait Gallery)  {001}


Resigning his position in the Austrian Navy; Archduke Ferdinand Maximilian Joseph of Austria, in collusion with Napoleon III, other crowned heads in Europe and Mexican monarchists, declares himself Emperor of what is actually the second Empire of Mexico. Escorted by a naval squadron, he will shortly leave Trieste for Mexico with his wife, “Her Imperial Majesty Empress Carlota”.  {001}
see also:
PLAYERS – Timelines Index – Timelines M-Z Index
Mexican History Timeline


Ute Chief Black Hawk leads a small raid on cattle near Manti, UT; the first real attack of the long simmering war with the ever growing number of white settlers. (Black Hawk’s War Ute)  {001}


Alaska Purchase check - Week 15The treaty with Russia to purchase Alaska was ratified by the U. S. Senate, the final price $7.2 million, about 2 cents an acre. All holdings of the Russian–American Company were liquidated. Among the issues raised following the transfer: numerous local Tlingit elders maintained that “Castle Hill” comprised the only land that Russia was entitled to sell. Other indigenous groups argued that they had never given up their land. The Americans encroached on all of it and took it over. Native land claims were not fully addressed until the latter half of the 20th century with the signing of the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act, by Congress and Native American leaders. This entire issues is well beyond the scope of Old West Daily Reader but included as part of government relations with Native Americans.  Check: U.S. PD – A photocopy of the check used to purchase Alaska.  {001}
Wk. 13, 03/30/1867 – Seward’s Folly
Quotes Index – Commentator’s QuotesPolitics and the Law


The Sam Bass Gang attempts to rob a train Mesquite, TX, several are wounded as they are driven off by gunfire from railroad employees, passengers and convict guards. Seaborn Barnes takes one in the left leg, three in the right.  {001}


Dodge City, KS: Jim Masterson quarrels with partner A.J. Peacock (Lady Gay Saloon) and new bartender Al Updegraff; shots are fired by all parties but no one is injured.  {001}
Wk. 16, 04/16/1881 – Bat Masterson arrives


Horace Tabor - Week 15Horace A.W. “Haw” Tabor, age 68, died nearly penniless as Postmaster of Denver CO. One of the great Colorado Silver Barons and an aspiring politician. He had grubstaked the “Little Pittsburg” mine discoverers at Leadville, CO and parlayed that fortune into sole ownership of the “Matchless” mine. Husband through great social scandal to the legendary “Baby Doe“. He lost his entire fortune in the crash of 1893 partly due to bad investments and partly to the repeal of the Sherman Silver Purchase Act. (Photo: U.S. PD, c. 1860’s-’70’s – Mathew Brady & Levin Handy)  {001}

4/11 of… 1837

Born in Monterey, Alta California Mexico; Tiburcio Vasquez. He will become one of California’s most noted outlaws.  {001}


General Edward Canby - Week 15Winema Toby Riddle - Week 15The Modoc War had begun in late 1872 when some of the tribe, forced from their ancestral home in Northern California to a reservation in Oregon along with Klamath Indians [enemies], returned to California. At a peace parley near Captain Jack’s Stronghold at Tule Lake, CA; Captain Jack and his Modoc warriors killed U.S. Army General Edward R.S. Canby and the Reverend Dr. Eleazar Thomas. Other members of the peace commission were wounded. The army had discounted warnings from Toby “Winema” Riddle, an Indian woman acting as a go-between and translator, that there would be an attack at the meeting. Riddle saved the life of Commission chairman Alfred B. Meacham and kept him from being scalped during the incident by shouting, “The soldiers are coming!” The demand for a response to the outrage was hot but the army did not fare particularly well until the appointment of Col. Jefferson C. Davis finally led to a military solution.*. Canby was the only general officer lost in the “Indian Wars”. Photos: Winema – U.S. PD, Smithsonian Archives; Canby – U.S. PD, crop from photo by Theodore Lilienthal  {001}
see also:
*Wk. 19, 05/10/1873 – Battle of Dry Lake
Photo Gallery Index – Indian PhotosModoc War
PLAYERS – Timelines – Timelines A-L – Indian Wars TimelineModoc War


Bat Masterson+2 and others of the Santa Fe RR contingent return from the war with Gen. Palmer’s Denver and Rio Grande Western RR at the Royal Gorge and Pueblo Roundhouse in Colorado. Probably considerably richer due to the fat bribes which ended the conflict.


Caldwell Marshal Henry Brown and Deputy Ben Wheeler are asked by Deputy U.S. Marshal C.M. “Cash” Hollister for help in rounding up a band of horse thieves. With the addition of Deputy Sheriff Wes Thralls and Hunnewell Marshal Jackson, they surrounded the outlaw’s camp at dawn. However, instead of surrendering, the rustler Ross family: father, mother, two sons and a daughter-in-law with a child in tow, elect to shoot it out with rifles. The oldest Ross boy was killed and the other seriously wounded before the family gave in to the lawmen.  Near Hunnewell, KS  {001}


George Bird Grinnell - Week 15Died: George Bird Grinnell, age 88. Anthropologist, Conservationist, Historian, Naturalist, Ornithologist, Author: “Pawnee Hero Tales” (1889), “Blackfoot Lodge Tales” (1892), “The Story of the Indian” (1895), “The Fighting Cheyennes” (B, 1915), “The Cheyenne Indians: Their History and Lifeways” (2 vols., 1923). Grinnell rode with the Custer Expedition of 1874. He was founder/editor of Forest and Stream Magazine (1876 to 1911). One of the founders of the Boone and Crockett Club (1887). A prime mover in the preservation of the American Bison. He had witnessed a buffalo herd so vast that his train was stopped for three hours while the brutes crossed the tracks. Together with rising political star Theodore Roosevelt, he successfully fought to protect Yellowstone to provide sanctuary to help save the species. He founded The New York Zoological Society (1895). He had seen vast flocks of passenger pigeons, so dense that they obscured the sky, now Passenger pigeons were on the verge of extinction. He created the Audubon Society, aimed at stopping the heedless killing of wild birds (1905). This man did far too much good to list it all here, look him up! TYH!  Photo: U.S. PD from Nathaniel Pitt Langford’s Diary .c 1870  {001 & 003}

4/12 of… 1865

The Battle of Salina Canyon (UT); Mormon Navoou Legion, the territorial militia, are ambushed and routed by Ute Indians under Chiefs Black Hawk and Jake Arapeen. There were more than 150 “incidents” between 1865 and 1872 .  {001}


Black Bart repeats the drill with the stage between Lakeport and Cloverdale, Sonoma County, CA.  {001}
PLAYERS – Timelines – Timelines A-L – Black Bart Timeline


Town Marshal, Killin’ Jim Miller, who had lately been arrested by Sheriff Bud Frazer may be planning revenge. Frazer’s paranoia causes him to shoot first. Problem is; Miller often wears a steel plate under his shirt…  {001}


Edward Drinker Cope - Week 15Edward Drinker Cope, age 56 died in Philadelphia, PA: Paleontologist, Comparative Anatomist, Academy of Natural Science -Philadelphia and others, most noted here for his participation in The Bone Wars with Othniel Charles Marsh of Yale. Between them they did discover and name some 140+ dinosaur species from the west but their intense competition and feud damaged their scientific reputations and nearly ruined them both. They never shot it out with one another but it was a nasty fight. Photo: U.S. PD The Century Illustrated Monthly Magazine (1897–98?)   {001}
see also:
The Originals Index – Range Wars and FeudsBone Wars


Born to a musical family in Washington, DC,  John I. White, The Lonesome Cowboy.  {001}

4/13 of… 1860

First Westbound Pony Express Rider arrives in Sacramento, CA  {001}


Wild Bunch: Robert Leroy Parker “Butch Cassidy” (aka George Cassidy, William T. Phillips) born in Beaver, UT: Outlaw.  {001}


In justified fear for their lives, fleeing felons, ex-sheriff “Big Dave” Updyke and crony John Dixon, had fled Boise, ID the night before on the Rocky Bar Road. Thirty miles out of town, they took shelter for the night in abandoned cabin, unaware that a vigilance party was close behind. During the night, the vigilantes descended on the unsuspecting miscreants and took them to Sirup Creek some ten miles farther down the road. In the morning, the vigilantes questioned Updyke as to the location of the stolen gold from the stage robbery in Portneuf Canyon.* He had but $50.00 with him. Completely contemptuous, Updyke refused to respond. The angry vigilantes hanged both men under a shed between two vacant cabins. They pinned a note to his shirt accusing him of being “an aider of murderers and thieves.” The bodies were found the following day. Another note from the vigilantes appeared in Boise, ID soon after.**  {001}
see also:
*Wk. Wk. 30, 06/26/1865 – The Portneuf Stage Robbery
**Quotes Index – Robbers and Poets Quotes
– “Big Dave” Updyke (first quote)
The Originals Index – Lost Treasures in the Old West – Portneuf Gold
Wk. 2, 01/10/1864 – Sheriff Henry Plummer
Wk. 25, 06/23/1878 – Sheriff John Larn
Wk. 23, 06/07/1912 – Sheriff John H. “Johnny” Behan


Colfax Massacre - Week 15The Colfax Massacre,  Easter Sunday, Colfax, La., a mob of Knights of the White Camellia and KKK supporters, including former Confederate and Union soldiers, assaulted the Grant Parish Courthouse, which was shielded and defended by freedmen – a black militia determined to protect the results of the most recent state election.  They, were armed, but had little ammunition in contrast to the white attackers, who, outmaneuvered them and proceeded to slaughter 150 of the courthouse’s black defenders, even killing those who surrendered their weapons.  The legal ramifications were more enduring; in United States v. Cruikshank (1876), the U.S. Supreme Court rejected prosecutors’ charges against the white attackers in favor of sharply limiting the federal government’s role in protecting the emancipated from racial targeting, at the hands of the Ku Klux Klan and others, unofficially rendering the 14th and 15th amendments moot in any state that chose to not enforce them.  Today, some whites and a local “historical” marker still refer to it as the Colfax Riot in a continuing effort to lay blame on those who cannot tell their tale.  In recent years Chief Justice William Rehnquist cited Cruikshank as a precedent in overturning a conviction under the Violence Against Women Act (1994-96). This is history that still impacts us today. Woodcut: U.S. PD 1873 – Colfax Massacre.  {003}
also noted in:
Battlefields and Massacres Colfax Massacre


Big Nose George Parrot - Week 15Big Nose George Parrott, road bandit and train robber was scheduled to be hung on this date but about a week previous he overpowered Sheriff Rankin and attempted a jail break, citizens alerted by the sheriff’s wife, drug him into the street put a rope on him and sent him up a ladder to jump, he did so, but the rope broke. The angry crowd shot him to death as he lay on the ground. Local Doctor J.E. Osborne had a medical bag and a pair of shoes made from his skin. They are still on display in Rawlins, WY. Photo: U.S. PD pre-1882, unknown.  {001}


 Phippin George - Week 15Phippen George - "When Theres Time to Talk" - Week 15Skull Valley, AZ sees the untimely passing of American Western Artist, George Phippen at age 50. Known for his bronze sculptures and Oil paintings, Phippen was one of the Founders of the Cowboy Artists of America (1965). Photo: U.S. © CA, Fair Use. Phippen Painting Photo: U.S. ©?, unknown, “When there’s Time to Talk” , Fair Use.  {001}

4/14 of… 1796

Benjamin Louis Eulalie de Bonneville born near Paris France: army officer, explorer, trail blazer.  {001}


Two years after its first historic trip, the steamboat New Orleans hit a snag, which punctured the hull and sank it, near Baton Rouge, LA. Fulton’s steamboat company promptly recovered the engine and machinery, installed it in a new hull, which they also named New Orleans, and the new vessel continued working the Natchez steamboat trade. This incident, did appear to confirm the pattern that the average lifespan of a river steamboat was about three years.  {001}


Noah Webster - engraving c 1820s - Week 15Lexicographer Noah Webster copyrighted the first edition of his dictionary of American English. Engraving: U.S. PD 1859  Morse Pinx, Kellogg Sc.  {001}


Johnny Ringo arrested and charged with disturbing the peace (see: Dec 25), Burnet, TX, released on bond.  {001}


El Paso, TX: The Four Dead in Five Seconds Gunfight. Marshal Dallas Stoudenmire interrupts dinner at the Globe Restaurant; racing into the street to respond to shots fired. Constable Krempkau has been confronted by George Campbell and a drunken John Hale over issues from an inquest, just hours before, concerning two murdered Mexicans who had been seeking their stolen cattle. Hale has just shot the Constable with one of Cambell’s pistols. Stoudenmire shoots and kills a fleeing but innocent bystander on the way to the altercation and then shoots Hale between the eyes. The wounded Krempkau now shoots Cambell twice, thinking it had been Campbell who had shot him in the first place. Then, when Campbell scooped up his dropped gun, Stoudenmire shot him. Campbell shouts, “You big son-of-a-bitch! You murdered me!” All sparked by cattle rustled in Mexico by Texans. Confused? Look it up!  {001}


Richard King - Week 15Captain Richard King , age 60, dies in his suite at the Menger Hotel in San Antonio, TX. Steamboat Captain, entrepreneur, shipping magnate, land speculator, founder of the King Ranch in Texas. One of the first to take cattle up the 800 mile long Chisholm Trail to the railhead at Abilene, KS. At the time of his death, the ranch contained some 614,000 acres. It is claimed that his ghost haunts the Menger Hotel’s suite 2052, which still bears his name. Photo: U.S. PD pre-1885, crop from newspaper photo.  {001}


Gerald Curtis Delano born in Marion, MA; Illustrator, Western Painter: Colliers Weekly, Cosmopolitan and Western Stories. His 1940 painting Navaho Shepherdess established the Saguaro cactus as a symbol of the west; even though the cactus does not occur in the Monument Valley, the location depicted in the painting.  Delano died in 1972.  {001}

4/15 of… 1862

The Batttle of Picacho Peak, AZ: three confederate pickets captured, Lt. James Barrett and two Union troopers killed and the boys in blue retreat; but it’s too little, too late, the damage has already been done at Glorieta Pass.*  {001}
*Wk. 13, 03/28/1862 – Battle of Glorieta Pass
 PLAYERS – Timelines – Timelines A-L – Civil War Timeline


 Abraham Lincoln - c 1863 - Week 15Abraham Lincoln is assassinated by John Wilkes Booth at Ford’s Theater in Washington D.C. What about the claim that Booth was not killed at Garrett’s farm and lived to come out west? Great conspiracy tale! Photo: U.S. PD 1863  Alexander Gardner.  {001}


Andrew Johnson Inaugurated as the 17th President of the United States.  {001}


The Going Snake Massacre: A one-sided love triangle, jealousy, race, rage, a Civil War family feud, stock issues, personal animosities and a contentious murder trial in the Cherokee Nation Court. The community is taking sides and very unhappy with the Federal Court in Ft. Smith, AK trying to second guess the Indian court. The Feds send in ten U.S. Marshals to attend the trial, generally settle things down; and to arrest the defendant if he is acquitted. Their posse is filled out with Beck’s and their supporters. Keetoowah Nighthawk Society member Zeke Proctor is brought before the court to answer for the shooting of Jim Kesterson and the killing of Polly Beck*. The Beck/Federal posse attacks the Whitmire schoolhouse (Tahlequah, OK Terr.) where the trial is being held…
When the gunsmoke in the courtroom cleared, eight federal marshals lay dead, along with three others. Among those, Proctor’s attorney and his older brother Johnson, who had saved Zeke’s life in the shootout. Both Proctor and the judge were wounded, along with both of the surviving marshals, several members of the jury and some bystanders. Among the eleven dead were: Black Sut, Samuel and William Beck, William Hicks, Jim Ward, George Selvidge (or Selvage) and Riley Woods. White Sut Beck was shot up bad, Isaac Vann had a serious elbow wound; both would survive.
Proctor was acquitted the following day. Everyone involved with the Indian court took a vacation. Numerous attempts by the Ft. Smith Federal Court to prosecute the perpetrators of the massacre came to naught, in 1873 all charges were dropped by both courts. (This story is far too complex for justice in Old West Daily Reader. Look it up for yourself and marvel at the complexity of the Indian/White interface, from personal to government, in just this one tale of the frontier. – Doc)  {001}
*Wk. 09, 02/27/1872 – Polly Beck


Daniel Askew murdered by persons unknown at his home in Clay County, MO. A neighbor to the James/Samuel homestead; it was thought he had cooperated with the Pinkertons in their attempt to apprehend Frank and Jesse James.  {001}
Wk. 5, 01/25/1875 – Pinkertons attack


An Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe RR Train was robbed by five masked men at Las Vegas, NM. Several thousand dollars in cash and checks were taken. Within the week, Mr. J.M. Thatcher, the Express Company General Agent had captured two of the bandits and learned the identity of the other three.  {001}


After three weeks on the trail (some times at Henry Hooker‘s ranch), Wyatt Earp‘s “Pestiferous Posse rides into Silver City, NM, the Vendetta is over. Cowboy gang members Frank Stilwell and Florentino Cruz (Indian Charlie) appear to be the only victims. Doc Holliday will return to Colorado.  {001}


Trinidad, CO: “Cockeyed Frank” Loving and local gambler John Allen argue and pull pistols on Main street, over a card game; broken up before any shots are fired. Next morning, Pistol in hand, Loving comes for Allen at work and shots are exchanged in the Imperial Saloon. The clientele stampedes, Allen flees and escapes amidst a running gun battle. Loving searches for Allen, and Deputy Marshal Jim Masterson is seeking both of them; disarming Loving twice in the chase. Then, Allen, hiding in Hammond’s Hardware store, shoots Loving in the back when he happens in to purchase ammunition for his third gun of the day, obviously intending to continue his search for Allen. Responding to the shot, Masterson and Marshal Lou Kreeger arrive to arrest Allen. Loving died on the 21st. and Allen, at his trial, successfully contended self defense, in that, he feared for his life facing a well-known dangerous gunman. Look it up, what a wild one!  {001}


Porum Range War – Jack Davis guns down Jesse Maxwell and Leonard McCollough on Third Street in Muskogee, OK. Maxwell died the same day, McCollough survived.  {028}
see also:
PLAYERS – Timelines Master Index- Timelines A-L – Porum Range War Timeline

barbed-wire-divider2 - Week 15End: Week 15, April 9th thru 15th.
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{001} C 01/20; E 04/20; F 06/11; P 09/19

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