Week 04: January

Week 04: January 22nd thru 28th

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Names in bold will be found in Players; bolded Titles in References.

1/22 of… 1822

Barney, born into slavery in Virginia. His mother Phoebe instilled in Barney the value of education and literacy. As a slave, Barney, did not have a last name. He began as a waiter, cook on a riverboat and miner in the gold fields of Georgia. When his mother died, he escaped slavery and made his way to Chicago via the underground railway. In Chicago, he read classic literature, politics, and economics. He learned the barber’s trade, married Julia Lyoni and, after seeing a locomotive named Lancelot Ford, he adopted the name Barney Lancelot Ford…  {003}


The Treaty of Point Elliott was signed 01/22/1855 at Muckl-te-oh or (today, Mukilteo, WA); ratified 03/08 & 04/11/1859. It established the Suquamish Port Madison, Tulalip, Swin-a-mish (Swinomish), and Lummi reservations, guaranteed both fishing rights and the reservations and offered a payment of $150,000. Signatories to the Treaty included: Territorial Governor Isaac Stevens, representatives from the Duwamish (Chief Seattle), Suquamish, Snoqualmie, Snohomish, Lummi, Skagit, Swinomish, and other tribes. Note that reservations were not designated, for the Duwamish, Skagit, Snohomish, and Snoqualmie tribes.
European-American settlement had started in the 1840’s and was dramatically increasing each year. The Treaty wasn’t ratified until 1859 so white settlement of Indian lands proceeded until then. The Indians, of course, were forced onto the various reservations and their rights were ignored.  {001}


The Barton Ambush: Ignoring advice from their breakfast host Don José Antonio Andres Sepúlveda, that they are heavily outnumbered and should not proceed, Sheriff James R. Barton and his posse of Deputies press on in pursuit of outlaws from the Flores-Daniels Gang. They are ambushed in the Barranco de los Alisos some twelve miles south of the rancho. Sheriff Barton, Constable Charles Baker, Deputy Charles Daly, and Constable William Little were killed in the ambush or while attempting escape. The three other members of the posse lived to report the incident. A 60 man posse was immediately formed to continue the pursuit and recover the bodies. They brought back the bodies.  {001}


Horrell-Higgins Feud: Merritt Horrell killed by John “Pink” Higgins in a gunfight at Wiley and Toland’s Gem Saloon in Lampasas, TX. The Horrell Brothers, of course, vow revenge.  {001}


“Mysterious” Dave Mather said to have out-shot four gunmen at the Close and Patterson Saloon in Las Vegas, NM. Nary a scratch on Dave.  {001}


Socorro, NM:  “Joel A. Fowler Kale [James E. Cale] murder[er] hung by citizens about one o’clock a.m.”  Quoted from the diary of Vigilante leader Col. Ethan Eaton. {001}


John X. Beidler - Week 4The passing of John X. Beidler at age 66 in Helena, MT. He stood but five foot three but he was a giant on the frontier. As leader of the Montana Vigilantes in the 1860s, he claimed to have pursued and executed 30 men during the breaking up of the outlaw gang led by Henry Plummer.* A Wells Fargo shotgun messenger from 1870 to 1877. He resigned in 1877 to become a deputy U.S. Marshal and Indian scout. In 1889, at 65 years old, he took part in a manhunt for two robbers who had committed a double murder.  Photo: U.S. PD pre-1923.  {001}
There’s a lot more more to this old-timer, look him up! – Doc
see also:
*Wk. 02, 01/10/1864 – Henry Plummer
Wk 07, 02/16/1922 – John Horton “Texas John” Slaughter


"Stoney" Al St. John - Week 4Stoney” Al St. John, age 69, died in Lyons, GA. The original and definitive comic movie cowboy sidekick, he acted in nearly 350 Western movies between 1912 and 1952. Appropriating the name of rival “Fuzzy” Knight, he became “Fuzzy Q. Jones”. Eighty films in the Billy the Kid series starring Bob Steele; the Billy the Kid/Billy Carson series starring Buster Crabbe; and the Lone Rider series starring Bob Livingston.  He also played sidekick to Lash LaRue. Photo: U.S. PD, outtake from comedy short “Love” 1919  {001}

1/23 of… 1827

James B. Hume, born in Stamford Township, Delaware County, NY. Peace officer, warden, detective.  {001}


Oregon Territory: the City of Portland (for Portland, MA) is named by the flip of a coin. Boston loses.  {001}


First Mississippi River Bridge 1855 - Week 4The Minneapolis Bridge Company opens the first bridge over the Mississippi River at Minneapolis, MN. A wooden towered lumber and wire structure, 620 feet long, designed by New York engineer Thomas M. Griffith. Photo: U.S. PD  {001 & 003}
Quotes Index – Commentators Quotes – New York Times – 1855


The Marias Massacre: Second U.S. Regiment (cavalry) troops under a drunken Major Eugene M. Baker attack the Montana camp of Piegan Blackfoot Chief Heavy Runner. The wrong camp, and Baker knew it—his scouts had told him. They killed nearly 220 women and children (the men were hunting). Heavy Runner, who had good relations with the whites, was shot down as he tried to wave the American Flag he had been given as his camps safety shield. Baker escaped ever having to make an official report on the incident.  {001}
Wk. 33, 08/17/1869 – Sound like Sand Creek?
Wk. 48, 11/27/1868 – Sand Creek


Vigilantes+2 drag Texas fugitive Joel Fowler from the Socorro, NM jail and introduce him to “Judge Lynch”  {001}
Quotes Index – Gunfighter QuotesJoel Fowler


Stopped on the street in Montgomery, AL, by a posse, Rube and Jim Burrow shoot their way out. In the process, Jim kills newspaperman Neil Bray who was helping the reward seekers.   {001}


The Farmers Citizens Bank of Pawnee, OK Territory falls to the Doolin Gang, no injuries.  {001}
The Originals Index – Outlaw Gangs Index – Doolin Gang – Wild Bunch


Randolph Scott born in Orange County, VA. Movie actor.  {001}


Robert Adrian Bradbury (aka Bob Steele) born in Portland , OR. Movie actor  {001}

1/24 of… 1848

James Marshall - Week 4 First large gold strike in California.Carpenter & wheelwright James Marshall had been hired by John Sutter to build a saw mill in Coloma, CA. The prior evening, Marshall had diverted the river so work could begin on the sawmill; in the morning, he found gold flecks where the water had been. Sutter tried to keep the discovery a secret until his sawmill was complete, but The Californian of San Francisco broke story on March 15th. And on August 19th, The New York Herald announced that there was gold in California. In ’48 the population of California was around 150,000 Indians & 14,000 others. In just twelve years there were more than 300,000 “Forty-niners”, and fewer than 30,000 Indians. The stampede lead to California statehood in 1850. Photo: U.S. PD  {003 & 001}
Photo Gallery Index – Mining PhotosSutters Mill
Just for Fun Pages – Firsts in the Old West Sutters Mill – 1848 (same article)


Bat Masterson shoots it out with U.S. Army Corporal Melvin King. Saloon girl Mollie Brennan is killed protecting Bat, the wounded Bat kills King. Norton’s Dance Hall, Sweetwater, TX.  Legend has it that the cane he carried during his recovery led to his nickname.  {001}


Corporal Clinton Greaves, stationed at Fort Bayard, NM with C Company, 9th Cavalry Regiment, (Buffalo Soldiers) received the Medal of Honor for his actions against Apache raiders in the Florida Mountains. The citation read in part: “While part of a small detachment to persuade a band of renegade Apache Indians to surrender, his group was surrounded. Cpl. Greaves in the center of the savage hand-to-hand fighting, managed to shoot and bash a gap through the swarming Apaches, permitting his companions to break free.” Photo: U.S. PD 2013 R. Craig Bell, Greaves sculpture at Ft. Bayard, NM.  {001}
see also:
The Originals Index – Western Forts and Trading PostsFort Bayard
Wk. 30, 07/28/1866 – Buffalo Soldiers
PLAYERS – Timelines – Timelines A-L – Black History Timeline
PLAYERS – Timelines – Timelines M-Z –Medal of Honor Timeline


Las Vegas, NM: “Mysterious Dave” Mather kills Joe Castello in front of McKay’s restaurant.  {001}


The Graham Leader (newspaper) is not content with the conflicting accounts of the Marlow incident, and when wounded deputy U.S. marshal Ed Johnson‘s account names deputy sheriff Eugene Logan (also wounded) as one of those escorting the prisoners—and he wasn’t—the whole thing begins to unravel. Dallas U.S. Marshall William L. Cabell and the U.S. Attorney investigate the entire affair and eventually reveal a snake pit of conspiracy against the Marlows. It (in part) finally goes to the Supreme Court before it’s settled. The Marlow brothers are exonerated of any wrongdoing, including the horse thefts. Numerous Young County citizens and officials do prison time but it’s too late for Alfred, Boone, and Llywellyn Marlow.* Look this one up! It’s quite a tale!  {001}
01/28/1889 – below
PLAYERS – Timelines Index – Timelines M-Z Index
Marlow Brothers Timeline
Quotes Index – Commentators Quotes – for the Supreme Court’s take on it.


Famous exhibition shooter Ed Mc Givern placed five shots on target in 2/5ths of a second. The group could be covered by a hand. A world record that would have impressed any of the old time shootists.  {001}


Bill Cody (William Joseph Cody, Sr. - Week 4Bill Cody (William Joseph Cody, Sr., age 57, died in Santa Monica, CA. “B” Western Actor in silent films The Galloping Cowboy (1926) and King of the Saddle (1926). Successfully transitioned to “talkies” in Under Texas Skies (1930) and made numerous movies including: The Vanishing Riders (1935), The  Reckless Buckaroo (1935) and The Fighting Gringo (1939). He had a small part in Stagecoach (1939). He acted in a number of movies with his son of the same name*. Horse: Chico. Photo: U.S. PD, Studio Promo  {001}
Wk. 32, 08/11/1989 – William Joseph Cody, Jr


Ira Hamilton Hayes c 1943 - Week 4 USMC War Memorial - Week 4Ira Hamilton Hayes: On 02/23/1945, he helped to raise an American flag over Mount Suribachi on Iwo Jima Island, an event photographed by Joe Rosenthal of the Associated Press. Hayes and the other five flag-raisers became national heroes as a result. Celebrated in literature, the movies and song. Hayes appeared as himself in the John Wayne film, Sands of Iwo Jima (1949). Yet, in the end, this Pima Indian war hero, died drunk, of hypothermia in a ditch on the Pima Indian reservation in AZ. His story is told in song, “The Ballad of Ira Hayes“, by Peter LaFarge. Covered by numerous Country Western stars, but it was Johnny Cash who brought it to #3 on the Billboard country music chart in 1964. Listen and understand. Photos: U.S. PD: LH, 2008 Catie Drew – USMC War Memorial. RH, 11/10/1943, by unknown, U.S. National Archives and Records Administration.  Pfc. Ira H. Hayes, age 19, ready to jump, Marine Corps Paratroop School. TYH!  {001}
see also:
The Originals – Native American Tribes – Southwest Indians
Akimel O’odham [Pima]


Jack W. Schaefer - Week 4Western Author Jack W. Schaefer died in Santa Fe, NM at age 83. His major work was Shane (1949), made into a successful movie in 1953. Other works include: The Canyon (1953); Incident on the Trail (1962) and Stubby Pringle’s Christmas (1964) (a children’s book). Photo: U.S. PD promo shot.  {003 & 001}
see also:
Wk. 17, 04/26/1991 – died, A.B. “Bud” Guthrie


The Harwood Museum of Art in Taos, NM, opened the exhibition, “Three Pueblo Painters”—oils and watercolors by Albert Looking Elk (To’nu), Albert Lujan (Xenalua) and Juan Mirabel (Tapaiu), members of the Taos Pueblo and the famous Taos Art Colony.  Noted for their adoption of European tools and techniques, these artists rendered the landscapes of the southwest and the pueblo itself—as well as the daily lives, dances and mysticism of the Taos culture.  {001}

1/25 of… 1869

CCW: Colfax County, New Mexico Territory, named for U.S. V.P. Schuyler Colfax, with the county seat at Elizabethtown. Moved to Cimarron in 1872.  {001}


The Pinkertons stage a night attack on the James/Samuel home (Clay County, MO) in an attempt to capture Jesse and Frank James. A fire bomb thrown into the house explodes and kills half-brother Archie Samuel (age nine) and blows off an arm of the boys’ mother Zerelda. Frank and Jesse are either not present or escape. This event served to increase public sympathy for the gang in their false assertions that they were unreconstructed confederate partisans—rather than the outlaws and killers they actually were.  {001}


Denison, TX: farmer John Martin, witnessed a strange dark object flying over his land while out hunting. The strange shape and the apparent high speed of the moving object quickly caught his attention. He took his eyes off it for a second in order to refocus his gaze. When he found it again, it was almost overhead and although now clear in his vision, it still appeared to be at a great height. He could only compare the object to a (hot air) balloon, but accepted that it moved much too fast for this to realistically be the case. He described it as a “large saucer”
The local newspaper ended their article on Mr. Martin’s sighting by concluding that the event “deserves the attention of our scientists!”  Newspaper article: The Denison Daily News – 01/25/1878. (reprint by The Dallas Herald)  {001}
Back then, they didn’t call them UFO‘s yet, but this article is the great granddaddy of all U.S. UFO stories! – Doc
see also:
Just for Fun Pages – Strange Things in Old West Skies
all related articles


After traveling across the U.S. from San Francisco to New York by chartered train, New York World reporter Nellie Bly (Elizabeth Jane Cochran Seaman) completed an around-the-world journey in seventy-two days, six hours, eleven minutes and forty-two seconds (no doubt inspired by the travels of George Francis Train and perhaps Around the World in 80 Days by Jules Verne). In 1849, the trip by wagon across frontier America—St. Joseph, MO, to Oregon—had taken three months or more.  {001}
01/27/1922 – below


Ocean Park, CA, Tokio Station – two men stop the Los Angles Pacific Railway car and proceed to rob the passengers. Both outlaws fired their automatic pistols over the passengers heads and through the roof to show they meant business. The conductor was forced to collect the loot in his cap. A round from a second volley fired by the bandits hit one Harry Mitchell in the neck , passed through, hit a window, then passenger Herbert Harlan. Harlan’s heavy clothes stopped the bullet and he drew his own gun and shot bandit William Fox through the jaw, knocking out teeth on both sides. However, the outlaw rose to his feet and returned ineffectual fire. Fox then staggered down the isle, grabbed the cap full of loot and fell off the train. his partner, Sam Barron stopped to rob the motorman. When he dropped a ring handed to him, as he bent to pick it up, the motorman hit the current and lurched the car, knocking the bandit of his feet. Rising, Barron shot the motorman, leaped from the car, then emptied his pistol back into the car before escaping. Sometime later, the wounded Fox was taken without a problem by local constable C.M. Daggett when he foolishly boarded another train with his bandaged jaw. Barron stayed loose for a while.  {001}


Sears, Roebuck and Company catalog 1894 - " The Big Book" - Week 4Sears, Roebuck and Company announced the end of the “Big Book” catalog. Richard Sears’ first catalog was produced in 1888 and was filled with watches and jewelry.  By 1894 with partner Alva Roebuck, the catalogue made available an unprecedented array of eastern products to remote, rural areas across the country. Before the Sears Catalog, farmers generally bought supplies from local general stores with limited selections of goods. Prices were negotiated dependent upon the storekeeper’s estimate of a customer’s ability to pay. Sears took advantage of these deficiencies (and the burgeoning rail system) by publishing catalogs offering customers a wide selection of products at clearly stated prices. The Sears Catalogue was so successful that they didn’t open a brick-and-mortar store until 1925. You could order almost anything for your home from the Big Book—and from 1904 to 1940 you could even order a home. In 1933, Sears issued their first Christmas catalog, the “Sears Wishbook“.  The catalog also entered the language, particularly of rural dwellers, as a euphemism for toilet paper. Writers often depicted the significance of the catalog in the imaginations of rural people. For children and adults the Wish Book was fuel for their dreams. The Big Book became a means of entertainment not unlike surfing the internet today. Photo: U.S. PD, Cover 1894 catalog.  {003}
Photo Gallery Index – Transportation Photos Sears, Roebuck Letterhead

1/26 of…1829

Elisha Gaylord Marshall Born in Seneca Falls, NY, Colonel US Army, Brevet Brigadier General (Civil War).


Marines from the USS Decatur drive off attacking Indians at the First Battle of Seattle (WA).  {001}


“Whiskey Bill” Graves is introduced to Judge Lynch by Vigilantes+2 at Fort Owens, MT. “So long, Bill.”  {001}


The posse is but an hour behind but they lose the trail past Kelseyville after Black Bart takes the stage between Ukiah and Cloverdale in Mendocino County, CA.  {001}


Fifteen non-union replacement workers were coming off shift in the Independence Mine when the cage in which they were riding was drawn into the sheave wheel at the top of the shaft and the cable that supported the cage was severed. The cage fell 1500 feet into the shaft, killing fourteen. After various investigations, management accused the union (Western Federation of Miners) of tampering with the machinery and one hundred and sixty-eight non-union men reportedly quit because of the incident. This, but a precursor to the Colorado Labor Wars to come. (Cripple Creek Mining District, CO)  {001}


Foiled! Alcohol reformer Carrie Nation is forcibly prevented from entering May’s Dance Hall and Cafe in Butte, MT, by owner May Maloy. It’s Carrie’s last attempt at a hatchet job!  {001}


Zitkála-Šá – ‘Red Bird‘ (aka: Gertrude Simmons Bonnin) died at 61 years in Washington, DC. Yankton Dakota Sioux writer, editor, translator, musician, educator, and one of the most influential Native American political activists of the 20th century. She wrote numerous magazine articles and political commentary such as, Oklahoma’s Poor Rich Indians (1923) published by the Indian Rights Association. Her books include: Old Indian Legends (1901), American Indian Stories (1921). She played Sioux melodies on the violin and American composer William F. Hanson used these as the basis for  music composition. She wrote the libretto and songs and their collaboration resulted in The Sun Dance Opera which premiered in February 1913 at Orpheus Hall in Vernal, Utah and later on Broadway in New York. Look up this influential, talented woman and TYH! while you do it! Photo: U.S. PD?  {001}
see also:
Books-Novels and History (non-ref)Zitkála-Šá

1/27 of… 1858

John Salmon "Rip" Ford,Capt Texas Rangers - Week 4Appointed a captain and commander of the Texas Rangers (newly reconstituted), the Militia, and Allied Indian Forces by Texas Governor Hardin Runnels (1857-59), John Salmon “Rip” Ford, a veteran Ranger of the Mexican-American War and frontier Indian fighter is instructed to carry the battle to the Comanche in the heart of the Comancheria. Photo: U.S. PD c. 1850’s, Captain Rip Ford  {001}
(Note: The “Rip” came from him always noting “RIP” [Rest in Peace] on casualty reports. – Doc)
see also:
Quotes Index – Indian Quotes Texas Governor Hardin R. Runnels


John James Abert - Week 4Washington, D.C.: the passing of John James Abert, age 74. Head of the Corps of Topographical Engineers for thirty-two years (1829-61), Abert was responsible for the exploration and mapping of the lands west of the Mississippi River. Photo: U.S. PD, of a contemporary portrait  {001}


“136 skunk skins, one cow hide and one coon skin stolen from Messrs. Hale & Co. of Hutchinson, KS, recovered by deputy marshal John Behrens.” Wichita, KS, Eagle.  {001}


Kinsley, KS. Six bandits, including Dave Rudabaugh, Mike Roarke and Dan Dement try to rob the Santa Fe station. One outlaw killed; one of the suspects arrested is Bill Tilghman. Charges dismissed.  {001}


Laramie, WY. A prostitute since she was fourteen years old, Bridget Gallager (age 18) takes her own life, in jail, with laudanum, delivered by her pimp Felix Monroe.  {001}


Charles Schreyvogel - Week 4Charles Schreyvogel, age 51, died in Hoboken, NJ: painter of the western scene and a specialist in depictions of the military in the Indian Wars (western trip in 1893). His work can be seen today at The Gilcrease Museum, The National Cowboy and Western Heritage Museum, and others. Photo: U.S. PD  {001}


Nellie Bly - Week 4Pioneer woman journalist and muck raking reporter Nellie Bly, age 57, died of pneumonia in relative obscurity in New York.  Her 1885 articles, Nellie in Mexico (later published in book form as Six Months in Mexico [1888] on the customs, conditions, and corruption in Mexico earned her the ire of Dictator Porfirio Diaz.  Photo: U.S. PD pre-1923, colorized.  {001}
01/25/1890 – above


Stuart N. Lake, age 74, died in San Diego, CA: western writer, author of Wyatt Earp Frontier Marshal (1931), a biography of Wyatt Earp. The book was the basis for the movie My Darling Clementine (John Ford) and the TV series The Life and Legend of Wyatt Earp (1955-1961). While Lake had access to some of the original players, his accounts are somewhat fictionalized and he may well have deviated from truths he knew in order to protect those participants still living at the time of publication. A history of Wells Fargo, which might have revealed far more, was incomplete at the time of his death.  {001}

1/28 of… 1887

Ft. Keogh, MT, reports the world’s largest snowflakes at 15 inches (38 cm) wide and 8 inches (20 cm) thick. Maybe the old timers did have it tougher?  {001}


Fort Sill, OK: “bounty hunters” Jim “Martin” Beavers, John E. Derrickson (Direkson) and Wm. G.E. Harbolt bring in the body of Boone Marlow* to claim $1,700 reward ($200 from Texas and $1,500 from Young County). Problem is… an autopsy shows that Boone has been poisoned with arsenic, then shot after he’s dead and the whole deal is phony. Harbolt (the poisoner, Boone’s girlfriend’s brother) is shot to death while they are out on bail. Beavers and Derrickson do fifteen years for the fraud.  {001}
*Wk. 51, 12/17/1888 – Marlow arrest
01/24/1889 – above


Casey Duane Tibbs - Week 4Casey Duane Tibbs, age 60, died in Ramona, CA. World Saddlebronc and Bareback Bronc Riding Champion’s “All-Around Cowboy” twice (1951 & 1955), stunt man, movie star, producer, etc. Appeared as an actor in nearly 20 movies and TV shows and did stunts for a number of others. Inducted into ProRodeo Hall of Fame (1979) Photo: U.S. PD c.1979 promo shot.  {001}


James Cooksey Earp - Week 4James Cooksey Earp, age 83, died in San Bernardino, CA.  Civil War vet, married to ex-nighthawk Nellie “Bessie” Ketchum (1873), no known relationship to Black Jack). Deputy Marshal under Charlie Bassett in Dodge City, KS. Saloon and gambling house manager in Tombstone, AZ (1879-82). Oldest of the Earp brothers. He had no involvement in The Gunfight at the OK Corral.  {001}

barbed wire divider - Week 4End: Week 4, January 22nd thru 28th.
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{001} C 04/19; E 01/19; F 06/11; P 08/18

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