Week 07: February

Week 7: February 12th thru 18th

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Names in bold will be found in Players; bolded Titles in References.

2/12 0f…1805

Noted in the journal of Meriwether Lewis: born at Fort Mandan, to Toussaint Charbonneau and Sacajawea is Jean Baptiste Charbonneau (called Pomp, “first-born” in Shoshone). He will accompany the Lewis and Clark Expedition with his parents.  {001}

1811

The Pacific Fur Co. trading bark Tonquin dropped anchor at Kealakekua Bay in the Kingdom of Hawaii. Captain Thorn was obliged to take serious measures to prevent desertions by his crew but did manage to trade with the Hawaiians to re-provision the vessel for the cruise to the Pacific Northwest of America.  {001}
see:
The Originals Index – trade in the Old West
Commerce in the Old West1811, Tonquin

1837

Thomas Moran born in Lancashire, England. Artist, illustrator, painter.  {001}

1873

“The Crime of ’73”: the de-monetization of silver places the U.S. de facto, but not officially, on the gold standard (in 1900). The stock exchange was closed for ten days, one-third of the more than 350 railroads went bankrupt. A five year depression would follow and the value of silver would crash. Western mining interests were damaged. By 1878 the value of silver to gold would fall to a ratio of 1:32 .  {001}
see also:
Wk. 38, 09/20/1873 – The Panic of 1873
The Originals Index – Trade in the Old West
Commerce in the Old West – dates around 1873 for perspective…

1873

Fannie Porter born in England. Madame of her famous establishment on the corner of Durango and San Saba in San Antonio, TX. Hers was a favorite resting place of numerous well-known outlaws and lawmen.  {001}

1877

OWDR Fort Huachuca sign Web01Camp Huachuca, AZ, (later Fort Huachuca, 1882) established to deal with the Apaches in southern Arizona Territory near Tombstone. Photo: U.S. PD USA  {001}
see also:
The Originals Index
Western Forts and Trading Posts

1878

Horace Tabor elected mayor of the rowdy mining town of Leadville, CO.  {001}

1891

Max Terhune born in Franklin, ID. Ventriloquist, magician, sidekick+4.  {001}

1893

Oliver Milton Lee and Bill McNew had followed a herd of rustled cattle almost to El Paso, TX, on the trail to a sale in Mexico. Lee killed both rustlers, Charley Rhodius and Matt Coffelt, with a borrowed rifle. {001}

1971

OWDR James Cash Penney WebNew York City, NY: dead at 95 years, James Cash “J.C. ” Penny Jr. He had intended to be a lawyer, but didn’t have the money for college. He took jobs at dry goods stores in Missouri and Colorado and then as an assistant manager in Wyoming at “The Golden Rule” store. He took it as a sign from God and made the Golden Rule a model for his own life. In 1902 he was offered a one-third partnership in a new store nearby. Penney lived in the attic, and five years later, he bought out his partners. In 1913, he incorporated as J.C. Penney Stores. By 1929 he had some 1400 stores but lost most of his fortune in the October stock market crash. He borrowed against his life insurance to make payroll; depressed he checked into Kellogg’s Battle Creek Sanitarium. In time, the business and Penney recovered. He instituted profit sharing among his managers, and later all employees (called “associates.”) By the time he died, all 50,000 Penney employees were participating in profit-sharing. Photo: U.S. PD 1902   {003}
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