Week 18: April/May

Week 18: April 30 thru May 6th

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4/30 of…1803

The Louisiana Purchase Treaty is quietly signed in France on this date. Encompassing 530,000,000 acres of land, an estimated 60,000 European immigrants, and uncounted natives. The U.S. paid 50 million francs for the territory and forgave French debts worth another 18 million francs (15 million dollars total). At roughly 3 cents an acre it opens the American flood gates to the west. Long a pawn of European powers it is a coup for President Jefferson and the burgeoning nation.  {003}


William Becknell - Week 18The Texas Red River Country, near Clarksville, sees the passing of Captain William Becknell, age about 76 (born c. 1787 or 1788): freighter, JP, politician, soldier and Texas Ranger. But he is best remembered as the man who opened the Santa Fe Trail (1821) and later, made it a passable wagon route. Photo: U.S. PD pre-1923 – William Becknell.   {001}
Wk 35, 09/01/1821 – departs for Santa Fe
Wk. 46, 11/16/1821 – arrives in Santa Fe
The  Originals Index – ExpeditionsCaptain William Becknell


Burton MossmanCap” born in Aurora, IL. Prominent Arizona businessman, first Captain of the Arizona Rangers.  {001}


Camp Grant massacre: About five miles upstream from Camp Grant, AZ; an attack by six American settlers, 48 Mexican settlers, and 92 O’odham (No U.S. military involved) on Pinal and Aravaipa Apaches who had surrendered to the U. S. Army at Camp Grant. At dawn, they surrounded the peaceful Apache camp; most of the men were off hunting in the mountains. The Americans and Mexicans picked off anyone who tried to escape as the O’odham entered the camp.
All but eight of the corpses were women and children. Twenty-nine children were taken and sold into slavery in Mexico by the Tohono O’odham and the Mexicans themselves. A total of 144 had been killed and mutilated, most scalped.
The military and the Eastern press called it a massacre and the public was outraged. President U.S. Grant informed Governor Anson P.K. Safford that should the perpetrators not be brought to trial, he would place the Arizona Territory under martial law. Soon, a Tucson grand jury indicted 100 of the assailants with 108 counts of murder (10/1871). The December trial, focused solely on Apache depredations. The jury brought in a verdict of not guilty in 19 minutes.
The massacre led to a series campaigns and battles between the Americans, the Apache, and their Yavapai allies which continued until 1875.  {001}


LCW: Seven Rivers Cowboys—including Robert Beckwith and Bob and John Olinger—found Regulator leader Frank McNab, Frank Coe and Ab Sanders watering their horses, and commenced to shoot. McNab and Sanders were dismounted and were shot to the ground. Coe attempted to escape, but his horse was shot from under him and he was arrested. The posse then returned to the creek, murdered the wounded McNab and arrested the wounded Sanders, who recovered. Lincoln County War, NM.  {001}


LCW: George Coe shoots long distance (a measured 444 yds.) from the roof of Issac Ellis’ store in Lincoln, NM to woundOld West Daily Reader Subscribe Today

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