Time to Ponder

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Time to Ponder

Time to Ponder is a sit around the campfire and think about it page…

1452 to the Present…
If I have missed a good time reference in The Reader [likely], please remind me
WEEK and date , please.

1452 – 2017: Five hundred and sixty-five years…

The papal bull Romanus Pontifex (1452) by Pope Nicholas V called upon Portuguese King Alfonso, “to invade, search out, capture, vanquish and subdue all Saracens and pagans,… and other enemies of Christ.”  Also, … the land and possessions of these people should be taken away and non-Christians be, “reduced to perpetual slavery.”
In 1493 the Inter Cetera papal bull, issued by Pope Alexander VI decreed the pope’s desire that “barbarous nations be overthrown” and those nations “discovered” be subjugated and reduced to the Catholic faith “to propagate the Christian religion.”

Discovery Doctrine – The doctrine can be directly traced to both of the above. Modified over time and applied worldwide it essentially states that; if a christian, “discovers” lands owned by a non-christian, he can claim title to them and any indigenous peoples present become merely “occupiers”. Descended through English law, affirmed and applied to U.S. law by The Marshall Court,* it became the legal basis for the relocation of the American Indians, the appropriation of their lands and the determination of their “legal” status. Add a healthy dose of “Right of Conquest” and everything else follows. Right or wrong in our current opinion; modern folks need to remember that it was the ways of the times; not unlike the then contemporary approaches to the issues of slavery. Resolved in their time , in the context of their times, both issues have left complicated legacies, unraveling yet today in the world, America and the West.  {001}
see also:
Wk. 13, 03/26/1804 – First U.S. Government notice ordering Indians to move west.
*Wk. 09, 02/28/1823 – Johnson vs. M’Intosh
Wk. 22, 05/28/1830 – Indian Removal Act
PLAYERS – Timelines – Timelines A-L – Indian Treaties Timeline
PLAYERS – Timelines – Timelines A-L – Indian Wars Timeline
References – Dictionary

1804 – 1806 – 27 months

Ordered by President Thomas Jefferson to get a sense of the new land acquired from France via the Louisiana Purchase, the first overland expedition* across the continent set out from St. Louis, under the leadership of Captain Meriwether Lewis and Lieutenant William Clark.
see:
*Wk. 19, 05/13/1804 – Departure
Wk. 38, 09/23/1806 – Return

1830’s: Seventy Days

To go up the Missouri River by steamboat from St. Louis, MO to Fort Pierre, SD (Montana Terr.). It only took 15 days to return downriver.  {001}
see:
Photo Gallery Index – Transportation PhotosSteamboats
The Originals Index – Western Forts and Trading Posts

One hundred-forty to one hundred-sixty days…

Thomas J. Farnham, under the banner “Oregon or the Grave” led sixteen “Oregon Dragoons” from Peoria, IL to travel most of what would eventually become The Oregon Trail. Nine of the emigrants (less Farnham) eventually reached Fort Walla Walla. By the late 1860’s it was estimated that 400,000  travelers had followed the trail and its many cutoffs and variations. The 2000 mile trek would usually take from 140 to 160 days. Read Parkman’s Oregon Trail by Francis Parkman, first published in Knickerbocker Magazine as a serial (1847-49).  {001}
see:
Wk. 18, 05/01/1839 – same article

Three weeks…

The Donner Party rejoins the California Trail near the place that will become Elko, NV, but they have endured serious problems crossing the Wasatch Mountains and the Great Salt Lake Desert and worse, lost more than three precious weeks over the normal time on the California Trail. Losing more time in travel, by the end of October in a blizzard, they go into camp near Truckee Lake (Donner Lake) at the eastern foot of modern day Donner Pass. They slaughter their oxen and hunker down in an attempt to survive the oncoming winter. The folly of the Hastings Cutoff is slowly becoming apparent.  {001}
see also:
Wk. 29, 07/19/1847 – The Donner Party
Wk. 39, 09/26/1847 –The folly of the Hastings Cutoff… – same article

Eighty to one hundred-twenty days…

Sponsored by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (Mormons); using church assets and private donations, the Perpetual Emigrating Fund Company [PEF] (1849) helped poor church members get to Utah. Having traveled by ship and train to Iowa City, IA, 274 Emigrants from Europe, the First Hand Cart Company (Ellsworth) now begins the 1,300 mile trek on The Mormon Trail to the Salt Lake Valley in Utah. Two more companies will soon follow…  {001}
see also:
Wk. 23, 06/09/1856 – Perpetual Emigrating Fund – same article
PLAYERS “H” – Hand Carts
Photo Gallery Index – Transportation PhotosMormon Hand Carts

Four to six weeks…

Delay after delay… first it was the ship departing England, then it turned out they were unexpected by Mormon Church officials in Iowa City, IA. So preparations were hurried, but it’s more delay. Now concerns are raised about the late start in the travel season, but the Fourth Hand Cart Company [Willie] with 500 eager emigrants sets out for Florence, NE but only 404 will press on from there across the vast prairie into the rapidly waning summer.  {001}
see also:
Wk. 33, 08/17/1856 – Fourth Hand Cart Company [Willie] – same article
PLAYERS “H” – Hand Carts
Photo Gallery Index – Transportation PhotosMormon Hand Carts

One Hundred Twenty-six Days

One hundred-twenty-six days on the trail since leaving Iowa City, IA; the devastated survivors of the Fifth Hand Cart Company [Martin] are brought into Salt Lake City, UT by wagon train [104 wagons]. They have lost 145 of 576 who departed Florence, NE August 27. More than weather and starvation and aside from the incredibly bad judgement of officials who let it happen; both of the late starting expeditions found their march  complicated by bad cart design, lack of proper lubricants and missing, expected replacement stores. The Mormon Church will not allow it to happen again!  {001}
see also:
Wk. 48, 11/30/1856 – Fifth Handcart Company [Willie] – same article
PLAYERS “H” – Hand Carts
Photo Gallery Index – Transportation PhotosMormon Hand Carts

Thirty+ days…

The Granddaddy of ’em all: first Run of “The Jackass Mail“, the San Antonio-San Diego Mail Line via horseback to meet the U.S. Government Mail Contract date. Then, semi monthly service with a coach leaving each terminal city on the 9th and 24 of the month meeting at Maricopa Wells, AZ, exchanging mail & passengers and then returning to the home station. Supported by 87 stations, 400 head of stock [mules], 65 employees operating celerity wagons. (“mud wagons”, similar to military ambulances and much lighter weight than a Concord Coach). The 1500 mile service, averaging 30+ days in a four horse coach, ran until 1858 when it lost the El Paso to Fort Yuma portion of the route to the Butterfield Overland Mail [which soon increased that service to weekly]. Through various configurations and routes the service lasted until 1861 when Apaches and the Civil War finally ended it.  {001}
see also:
Wk. 28, 07/09/ 1857 – The Granddaddy of ’em all -same article
Wk. 26, 6/30/1861 – final day of service on the Oxbow Route

Ten days…

The first runs of the Pony Express leave from St. Joseph, MO, (Johnny Frey on Sylph) and Sacramento, CA. (Harry Roff on a horse unnamed in history). {001}
see:
Wk. 14, 04/03/ 1860 – The first runs of the Pony Express – same article
Wk. 15, 04/13/1860 – First Westbound Pony Express Rider arrives in Sacramento, CA

Twenty-five to twenty-eight days…

The final day of service on The Oxbow Route of The Butterfield Overland Mail.  Butterfield continued service, the same day on the Central Overland California Route from St. Joseph, MO to Placerville, CA. The run on this route took between 25 and 28 days.  {001}
see also:
Quotes Index – Commentators QuotesWaterman Ormsby on the Butterfield for 24 days in 1857
Wk. 26, 6/30/1861 – final day of service on the Oxbow Route – same article

Twenty minutes…

Captain William Judd Fetterman; born c. 1833, died in the action which bears his name, The Fetterman Massacre. Reacting to an attack on a wood train by a mixed band of Cheyenne and Lakota led by Red  Cloud and Crazy Horse; he disobeyed orders and took 80 men in pursuit of a small band of Indians and into an ambush by an estimated 1000 warriors who wiped them out in about 20 minutes. Near Ft. Phil  Kearny, KS. Rain in the Face fought with distinction (debated). Legend has it that Fetterman had stated, “Give me 80 good men and I will ride through the Sioux Nation.”, highly unlikely, he knew better. The Indians called this: “The Battle of the Hundred in the Hand“, their tactics had been perfect.  {001
see:
Wk. 51, 12/20/1866 – Fetterman Massacre – same article

Thirty-three hours…

The Union Pacific RR informs travelers that from the current railhead at Julesburg, CO, one can reach Denver in 33 hours by stagecoach. A distance of about 185 miles at about 5.6 rough miles per hour.  Today it is less than 3 hours via the Interstate.  {001 & 003}
see:
Wk. 25, 6/24/1867 – Julesburg to Denversame article

Nine days…

Having left Boston, MA on the 23rd of May, a train arrived in San Francisco, CA with its passengers prepared to deliver their newspaper, the Trans-Continental, which they have written, edited and printed during the journey.  {001}
see:
Wk. 22, 05/31/1870 – Trans-Continental newspaper – same article

Eighty-three hours and thirty-nine minutes…

…after leaving New York City the express train, “Transcontinental Express” arrived in San Francisco, CA. In 1860, it had taken the Pony Express ten days to get from St. Louis, MO to San Francisco, CA.  {001}
see:
Wk. 23, 06/04/1876 – Transcontinental Expresssame article

Thirty minutes…

Lt. Col. George Armstrong Custer, age 36, defeated and killed with 261 cavalry troopers at the Battle of the Little Bighorn, MT (Battle of the Greasy Grass). Led by Sioux Chiefs: GallSitting Bull and Oglala Lakota Chief Crazy Horse; possibly as many as 2500 Cheyenne [Tsitsistas’] ( Sioux term: Sha hi ye na-), Arapaho,  and Sioux warriors decimated Custer’s command in less than thirty minutes. (long article; full text at the link; then see next article – Doc)
see:
Wk. 26, 06/25/1876 – Battle of the Little Bighorn – complete article

Ten days…

11 P.M., Bismark, ND; with its whistle blaring, the steamboat Far West arrives with the devastating news of Custer‘s defeat at the Little Bighorn in Montana. The next morning, news is quickly passed to Fort Lincoln, Libby Custer and the other new widows. This is the first known report, the telegraph tells the world. (see: above article)  {001}
see:
Wk. 27, 07/05/1876 – Bismark, ND – same article

Thirty-four days…

Day Five of the “Thirsting Time“: Capt. Nolan and 13 men reach Double Lakes. Help will arrive the next day. Eventually the dead will all be accounted for: twenty-five horses, four mules; four soldiers and one buffalo hunter. Most survivors had been without water in the barren desert for more than eighty hours. This incredible story: of courage, deceit and survival, replete with dissension and desertion in the ranks and the Eastern papers in a tizzy over the whole event; “The Staked Plains Horror” is almost over.  {001}
see:
PLAYERS – Timelines Index – Timelines M – Z Index – Staked Plains Horror Timeline

One hour

10:00 PM: Edward J. “EdMasterson, acting as a Deputy Marshal, killed in a gunfight with drunken Jack Wagner (killed) and Alf M. Walker (wounded but survived) in front of the Lady Gay; Dodge City, KS. Wagner was so close, his pistol set Masterson’s clothes on fire. Flaming and gut shot, Ed draws and shoots Wagner once in the stomach and Walker takes one through the lungs and two in the right arm; Masterson then walked nearly two hundred yards (and crossed the railroad tracks!) to George Hoover’s Saloon to tell George Hinkle, “George, I’m shot.” He died within the hour. Bat was there at the end. Cowboy poet Frank H. Maynard sang one of his poems over his friend’s grave.  {001}
see:
Wk. 15, 04/09/1878 – Ed Mastersonsame article

Five Seconds

El Paso, TX: The Four Dead in Five Seconds Gunfight. Marshal Dallas Stoudenmire interrupts dinner at the Globe Restaurant; racing into the street  to respond to shots fired. Constable Krempkau has been confronted by George Campbell and a drunken John Hale over issues from an inquest, just hours before, concerning two murdered Mexicans who had been seeking their stolen cattle. Hale has just shot the Constable with one of Cambell’s pistols. Stoudenmire shoots and kills a fleeing but innocent bystander on the way to the altercation and then shoots Hale between the eyes.  The wounded Krempkau now shoots Cambell twice, thinking it had been Campbell who had shot him in the first place.  Then, when Campbell scooped up his dropped gun, Stoudenmire shot him. Campbell shouts, “You big son-of-a-bitch! You murdered me!” All sparked by cattle rustled in Mexico by Texans. Confused?  Look it up!  {001}
see:
Wk. 15, 04/14/1881 – Four Dead in Five Seconds Gunfightsame article

Thirty-Three Hours

Nineteen year old Elfego Baca, b. 1865, ‘arrests’ drunken cowboy McCarty for making the Mexican’s ‘dance’ to pistol fire in the streets of Frisco, NM. This leads to a thirty-three hour shootout with some eighty cowboys sending an estimated four thousand bullets into the small building where Baca took refuge. Weathering the fire, a midnight dynamite attack and the building collapsing upon him, The courageous and fearless Baca killed four of his opponents, wounded others and survived the ordeal. He was acquitted of the killings in two murder trials. TYH! to this feisty vaquero!  {001}
see:
Wk 48, 11/30/1884 – The Siege – same article

Seventy-two+ days…

After traveling across the U.S. from San Francisco to New York by charted train, New York World reporter Nellie Bly (Elizabeth Jane Cochran Seaman) completed an around the world journey in 72 days, six hours, eleven minutes and 42 seconds (no doubt inspired by the travels of George Francis Train and perhaps Around the World in 80 Days by Jules Verne). In 1849, the trip by wagon across frontier America, St. Joseph, MO to Oregon had taken three months or more. (see also: next article)  {001}
see:
Wk. 04, 01/25/1890 – around the World

 Sixty-seven days…

In 1890, George Francis Train had traveled around the world in 67 days…  (see: article at the link and article just above)
see:
Wk. 01, 01/05/1904 – George Francis Train

Forty-six hours…

An old, successful miner/con man, “Death Valley Scotty (Walter Edward Scott) paid $5,500 to the Santa Fe RR to take him from Los Angles to Chicago in 46 hours to promote a “mine” he was hawking. The “Coyote Special” covered the 2,265 miles with an hour and six minutes to spare! The record was finally surpassed in 1936 by trains in regular service. One of the nineteen locomotives used on the run, number 1010 (2-6-2), is on display at the California Railroad Museum in Sacramento, CA.  {001}
see:
Wk. 28, 07/09/1905 – The “Coyote Special” – same article

Ninety-seven years…

Oregon Trail Pioneer and promoter Ezra Manning Meeker died in Seattle, WA at age 97. This man’s story is way to big for The Reader, so here, is but a tiny taste: He traveled the Oregon Trail in 1852 with Oxen for motive power, became a successful hops farmer (then there were aphids…). He was a would-be: gold miner; Klondike grocer (in the 1901 Alaska gold rush) an unsuccessful politician; a Wild West Show performer and an Author:  Ox Team; or, The Old Oregon Trail, 1852–1906 (1906); Uncle Ezra’s Pioneer Short Stories for Children (c. 1915) and others. As a Historian he created “The Old Oregon Trail Monument Expedition” to help the nation remember the Oregon Trail and in 1906, at the age of  76,he retraced his 1852  trip in reverse [with oxen again!] promoting the placing of monuments along the trail. His efforts continued until his death in 1928 with some 150 monuments eventually installed. On the way to the Dayton Air Races in 1924, flying with the U.S. Army Air Corps, he flew over some of the trails he had traveled. Photo: U.S. PD 1921  This old timer was a piece of work! TYH!  {001}
see also:
Wk. 49, 12/03/1928 – Ezra Manning Meeker – same article
Quotes Index – Commentators QuotesEzra Meeker and others…
Photo Gallery Index – Pushin’ Up Daisies
The Originals Index – Trails – bottom of page

A Lifetime of Travel

How did the old timers do it? What does it take, to walk across a continent?*
Just for thought…  using the average transportation speeds in Richard Florida’s “Great Reset,”
we can estimate the number of miles an average person might travel over their lifetime…

1850 – Average speed 4 mph – Traveling 4 miles per day X 50 year life expectancy = 73,000 miles.
1900 – Average speed 8 mph – Traveling 8 miles per day X 60 year life expectancy = 175,200 miles.
1950 – Average speed 24 mph – Traveling 24 miles per day X 70 year life expectancy = 613,200 miles.
2000 – Average speed 75 mph – Traveling 75 miles per day X 80 year life expectancy = 2,190,000 miles.
see:
*1804 – 1806 – 27 months
(top of page)

barbed wire divider2 - Time to PonderEnd: Time to Ponder

{001} C 11/17; E 12/17; F 06/13; P 11/17

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