Week 32: August

Week 32: August 6th thru 12th

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Names in bold will be found in Players; bolded Titles in References.

8/6 of…1851

Clark Massacre (ID): A band of Tussawehee Shoshone Indians led by Cho Cho Co (also called Has No Horse) attacked a wagon train led by Thomas Clark on the Oregon Trail near the junction of the Raft and Snake Rivers (in today’s ID). The Indians’ primary objective was to steal the party’s herd of twenty horses but they killed Clark’s mother, his brother and another man in the group in the process. Clark’s 25 year old sister Grace was shot twice and thrown down a bluff but survived. Later, fifteen men attempted to follow the raiders and recover the stolen horses, but they were easily repulsed by the Indians (with one killed).  {001}

1867

The newly created Indian Peace Commission meets in St. Louis, MO, and determines, among other things, that “hostile” Indians must be confined to reservations away from the routes in use by immigrants for western expansion.  {001}

1880

Leopoldo Antonio “Pancho” Carrillo born in Los Angeles, CA. Movie and TV sidekick+2.  {001}

1892

Edmund Richard “Hoot” Gibson, born in Tekamah, NE. Movie star, sidekick+2.  {001}

1895

Notorious Telluride marshal Jim Clark is assassinated around midnight outside the Colombo Saloon on the main street in Telluride, CO. Unsolved.  {001}

1896

The “High Fives” led by Black Jack Christian attempt to rob the International Bank of Nogales, AZ. Bob Hayes and Jess Williams go into the bank while Three Fingered Jack Dunlop, George Musgrave and Christian remain mounted outside. Newspaperman Frank King breaks their play with shots from a .41 Colt, and bank clerk Frank Herrera causes Hayes and Williams to drop the money and flee. Two horses are wounded as the gang escapes under fire.  {001}

1902

Harry Tracy mugshot 1902 - Week 32: August 6th thru 12thHarry Tracy, fleeing his latest murders*, is wounded and then surrounded in a gunfight where he kills posse men Enoch Breece and Cornelius Rowley, then commits suicide (near Creston, WA). These are the eleventh and twelfth killings in which he was involved. Rustler, highwayman, and killer, he rode with the Wild Bunch for awhile from 1897-98. Associate Bob Hayes was killed later by a pursuing posse at an outlaw hideout in the San Simon Valley, AZ, after an attempt to rob the International Bank in Nogales, AZ. Photo: U.S. PD 1902, The Oregonian.  {001}
see:
*Wk. 27, 07/03/1902 – Harry Tracy
Quotes Index – Gunfighter QuotesSeattle Daily Times – Harry Tracy

8/7 of… 1861

Samuel Clements (Mark Twain) spends three days of his cross-country stagecoach trip to Carson City, NV, in Salt Lake City ,UT. While there he makes a visit to Mormon Leader Brigham Young.  {001}

1872

John Wesley Hardin is wounded by Phill Sublett (also wounded, escaped) during a dustup resulting from a bowling scam perpetrated by Hardin and his cousin. Trinity, TX. (weapon: shotgun)  {001}

1884

Two Dodge City, KS, soiled doves tangle over a man. Bertha Lockwood stabs Sadie Hudson three times but the damage, while severe, is not expected to prove fatal. Sadie is treated and returned to her home, “The Parlor“. Bertha is arrested but bonds out. {001}

1902

One of the worst mining disasters in Colorado to date: an immense gas explosion in the Bowen Town Coal Mine near Trinidad, CO, kills all thirteen men working the mine.  {001}

1904

Flood waters have taken away Steele’s Hollow Bridge near Eden, CO, before the Missouri Pacific train arrives… numerous injuries result and ninety-six are killed.  {001}

1957

Release of the original film version of Elmore Leonard‘s short story, 3:10 to Yuma (1953), starring Glen Ford and Van Heflin. 3:10 to Yuma (1957)* is a great black and white Western classic, with the title song sung by Frankie Lane.  {001}
see:
*Wk. 32, 08/07/1957 – 3:10 to Yuma
Wk. 36, 09/07/2007 – remake

8/8 of… 1839

Nelson Appleton Miles born in Westminster, MA. Lieutenant General, U.S. Army.  {001}

1879

Susie Parker’s brothel in Laramie, WY, is the scene of a gunfight. Pugnacious  jeweler Ed Frodsham and friend Lee Landers kill cattle dealer Jack Taylor. Frodsham is hit twice but survives, posts bail and escapes justice.  {001}

1893

Precious metal problems again: overbuilt railroads go bankrupt causing bank failures and then a run on the banks. President Grover Cleveland makes a plea for the repeal of the Sherman Silver Purchase Act to help stem the flow of gold from the U.S. Treasury, but Congress will not act until late October. The Panic of 1893 is well underway and it will get worse. Before it’s over, a number of major railroads, 15,000 companies, and nearly 600 banks will fail, leaving almost 20% of the nation’s work force without jobs. Many Western silver mines will close and the narrow gauge railroads that serve them will fail. Few of either will ever restart.  {001}

1895

A combined force of lawman and Indian police of the Creek Light Horse, led by Marshal S. Morton Rutherford, takes in the Rufus Buck Gang near Muskogee, OK Territory. The Creek wanted to try the men themselves and apparently there was considerable local interest in lynching them. However, the prisoners were taken to Ft. Smith, AK and soon brought to trial before “Hanging” Judge Isaac Parker. He sentenced them to death, but an unsuccessful appeal to the Supreme Court caused them to miss their date with George Maledon. Judge Parker quickly offered a second date, which was kept.  {001}
see:
The Originals Index – Outlaw Gangs Index – Rufus Buck Gang
Wk. 23, 06/05/1911 – George Maledon

1919

John W. Kinney, age 71 or 72, died in Prescott, AZ. Rustler, outlaw, and leader of the John W. Kinney Gang, participants in The Lincoln County War.  {001}

8/9 of… 1809

Born in South Carolina: William Barret Travis. Texas hero.  {001}

1877

The Battle of Big Hole, Montana Territory. The fleeing Nez Perce are caught off guard in camp, by troops under the command of Col. John Gibbon. Costly losses on both sides (23 soldiers, six settlers and 89 Indians killed and more wounded) cause a stalemate, until the arrival of army reinforcements. Chief Joseph and Looking Glass attempt to resume their retreat to Canada.  {001}

1879

Middle Powder River in the Big Horn Mountains of WY: scout Fred Hans wounds and takes in wanted rustlers Bill Cole and “Shacknasty Jim“.  {001}

1894

L1894 Rock Island Railroad Wreck Aftermath - Week 32: August 6th thru 12thincoln, NE: A speeding Rock Island locomotive pulling two cars holding 33 passengers is thrown from a 40-foot trestle in an act of sabotage. Pulled spikes, marks on ties and rails, and tools at the scene confirm that murder has been done. Eleven die as the entire train burns. Lincoln’s largest unsolved crime and one of the largest mass murders in the state’s history. Photo: U.S. PD  {001}
see:
Photo Gallery Index – Transportation Photos
Railroads in the West – Bottom of Page

1901

The Laramie Daily Boomerang reports that Tom Horn+2 has won the multi-day steer roping competition at Cheyenne Frontier Days.  {001}

1903

Tom Horn+2 and Jim McCloud overpower deputy sheriff Richard Proctor and escape jail. McCloud rides away on the only horse and Horn is left to try it on foot. Both are soon recaptured. Tom will stay for the necktie party.  {001}
see:
Wk. 47, 11/20/1903 – Tom Horn

1912

Porum Range WarDan Foster ambushed and killed three miles outside Porum, OK.  {028}
see also:
PLAYERS – Timelines Master Index- Timelines A-L – Porum Range War Timeline

1946

Donnie Daniels - Week 32: August 6th thru 12thBorn in gorgeous Georgia, Donnie Daniels OWDR Contributor 028. Historian/author, member of Western Writers of America.  Photo: © Donnie Daniels, used by permission.  {001}
see:
References – Books used as ReferenceMurder in Muskogee.

8/10 of… 1821

Missouri admitted to the Union as the 24th state. The “Show me” state. Missouri Seal U.S. PD.  {001}

1851

David Allen Mather born in Saybrook, CT. He will become “Mysterious Dave Mather“, lawman and gunfighter.  {001}

1879

Samuel Woodruff and Joseph Seminole murder R.B. Hayward and steal his wagon near Golden, Colorado.  {001}
see:
Wk. 52, 12/27/1879 – Samuel Woodruff and Joseph Seminole

1887

John R. Hughes enlisted in the Texas Rangers at Georgetown, TX.  {001}

1907

Twenty-three hundred and fifty lbs. of Hercules dynamite and 200 lbs. Atlas du Pont powder are ignited by a fire while improperly parked at the 10th & Walnut Street freight depot in Boulder, CO. Rumors suggest the fire was started intentionally to root out some non-union scabs sleeping in a nearby rail car; this was most likely just anti-union propaganda to deflect blame for the event. Three died and five were injured with damages estimated at $200,000. The fire started in the freight depot and spread to a string of wooden freight cars containing the hazardous cargo intended for Colorado’s thriving mining industry*. The railroad’s own regulations for storage of cars containing explosives had been ignored. Thirty-eight freight cars destroyed, along with the depot and considerable damage to the neighboring Boulder Grocery Company, Boulder Iron Works and other area businesses. This event, along with the New York Times report on the destruction; via the explosion of half a carload of nitroglycerin**, of almost the entire small town of Essex, Canada, on the very same day; persuaded Boulderites to force the re-routing of tracks away from the heart of the growing city.  {003}
see also:
*Photo Gallery Index – Mining Photos
**References – DictionaryNitroglycerin

1909

Bob Womack, the man who made the first gold strike at Cripple Creek in 1890, died penniless.  {001}

1974

Ray Crash Corrigan - Week 32: August 6th thru 12thRay “Crash” Corrigan, age 74, died in Brookings, OR. Trainer, stuntman, bit player, Mesquiteer*. Creator of “Corriganville,” a “movie” ranch in the Simi Valley — today a park and nature preserve. Photo: U.S. PD Studio Promo  {001}
see:
*Wk. 21, 05/25/1936 – Three Mesquiteers

8/11 of… 1835

Tiburcio Vasquez born in Monterey County, CA. Outlaw.  {001}

1864

Having no forces to use in the “Indian Wars” and no pay to give them, Colorado territorial Governor John Evans issued a proclamation raising troops from the citizens of Denver to serve under the command of his friend, the Reverend (now colonel) John Chivington. The troops were licensed to steal any property from indigenous people and make it their own; also, to kill and destroy as enemies of the country all such hostile Indians wherever they may be found. This certainly appeared to Evans consistent with federal policies. Chivington aspired to accomplish a great military feat which would secure him the rank of brigadier general and propel him into the U.S. Congress. The stage is now set for the Sand Creek Massacre.  {003}
see:
Quotes Index  – Indian QuotesSand Creek Massacre

1875

Unidentified road agents take the Wells Fargo Stage somewhere between Soledad and Paso del Robles, CA. This is the fifteenth stage robbery in the state that year.  {001}

1883

The rough county south of Cimarron, NM, sees the birth of Mary Elizabeth Whiteman, who will become known as “Mama Lail”. She will raise thirty-seven children and be midwife to more than six hundred on the frontier.  {001}

1989

Bill Cody Jr. - Week 32: August 6th thru 12thWilliam Joseph Cody, Jr., aka Bill Cody, Jr., age 64, suicides in Los Angeles, CA. He started in “B” Westerns at the age of nine, in Frontier Days (1934). Co-starred with his father*, in Vanishing Riders (1935) and others. He was “Skeets Scanlon” in the serial, Scouts to the Rescue. Movies include Girl of the Golden West (1937), a bit part in Destry Rides Again (1937), and he appeared in two films with Johnny Mack Brown and Fuzzy Knight: Desperate Trails (1939) and Badman From Red Butte (1939). Photo: U.S. PD (crop) pre-1948   {001}
see:
*Wk. 04, 01/24/1948 – Bill Cody

1893

Pug Ryan (Louis Scott) and three accomplices hold up the gaming room of the Denver Hotel in Breckenridge, CO. The house bank was taken and the players were robbed of cash, watches and jewelry. A one hundred dollar reward was offered by a customer who lost a particularly valuable diamond to the thieves.  {001}

8/12 of… 1805

The Corps of Discovery, led by Sacajawea+2 crosses Lemhi Pass (7,373′) in the Beaverhead Mountains, part of the Bitteroot Range of the Idaho/Montana Rocky Mountains on “a large and plain Indian road” (Blackfoot & Lemhi Shoshone). Lewis and Clark now leave the boundaries of the young United States and enter lands contested by other nations. The Pacific Ocean is still months of difficult travel ahead.  {001}

1843

Toussaint Charonneau - Week 32: August 6th thru 12thThe passing of French-Canadian explorer and trapper (North West Company, c. late 1790’s), Toussaint Charbonneau. Husband to Sacajawea+2 and also a member of the Lewis & Clark Expedition 1804-06. Portrait: U.S. PD, alleged to be a likeness.  {001}
see:
Photo Gallery Index – Pushin’ Up Daisies
Toussaint Charbonneau

1856

Operating with inside information that $10,000 was being transported, Tom Bell and his gang attempted one of the earliest stage robberies in the U.S. The attack on the Comptonville-Maryville (CA) stage did not proceed as planned… a female passenger was killed and two male travelers wounded while guards successfully defended the stage’s cargo. After more than a month of intensive searches, gang member Bill Grist was taken. Offered the choice of talking to the Stockton, CA, sheriff or Judge Lynch and friends, Grist gave up the location of Bell’s hideout. But the posse’s move to catch Bell was a bit too slow.  {001}
see:
Wk. 40, 10/04/1856 – Tom Bell

1860

Temple Lea Houston born in the Texas Governor’s mansion at Austin, the last child of Texas hero Sam Houston, attorney.  {001)

1881

Eliphalet Remington - Week 32: August 6th thru 12thEliphalet Remington, age 67, died in the Mohawk River Valley. Firearms designer and founder of the firm, E. Remington & Sons, manufacturers of sporting goods and firearms. The company is known today as the Remington Arms CompanyTYH! Illustration: U.S. PD; Famous Leaders of Industry 1921  {001}

1881

Newman Hayes Clanton - Week 32: August 6th thru 12th(T) Mexican Army troops under the command of Captain Carillo, probably in concert with Wyatt Earp, Fred Dodge and their “Federal Posse”, kill Newman Hayes “Old Man” Clanton, Jim Crane, Dixie Gray, William “Billy” Lang and Charley “Bud” Snow at Guadalupe Canyon, MX (AZ?). Billy Byers and Harry Ernshaw live to tell the tale. Some believe,a golden statue stolen from the church in Matamoros, MX, was recovered from Old Man Clanton’s wagon and returned. It is probable that Warren Earp and Doc Holliday were wounded in this affair. Doc Holliday told Ike Clanton just before the the “Gunfight at the OK Corral” that he had killed Old Man Clanton with a Winchester rifle. Photo: U.S. PD pre-1881, “Old Man” Clanton.  {001}

1885

Helen Hunt Jackson - Week 32: August 6th thru 12thHelen Maria Hunt Jackson, age 54, died in Colorado Springs, CO, of stomach cancer. An early novelist, she became interested in the plight of the Indians as they were overwhelmed by white culture. Through her papers and novels she attempted to effect legislation to benefit the Native Americans. Novels: Century of Dishonor (1882) and her best known, Ramona (1884). Despite her energy and dedication she made little headway with government. Photo: U.S. PD before 1885 NYPL  {001}

1916

Courtland, AZ. Stalking two Mexican burglars whom he knows to have stolen two pistols and ammunition, deputy John Henry Bright accosts them on the road out of town, questioning, “Do you have a gun?” The response was, “Yes, you gringo son of a bitch, I have a gun!” and shots were fired, wounding Bright in the leg. He returned fire with five shots of his own, sought cover behind a pile of dirt and made good his escape from the area. A posse returning to the scene later and discovered his rounds to have been fatal to both assailants.  {001}

1982

Henry Fonda - Week 32: August 6th thru 12th Henry Jaynes Fonda, age 77, died in Los Angeles, CA. A major motion picture star, he played in Jesse James as Frank James (1935), The Ox-Bow Incident (1943), My Darling Clementine as Wyatt Earp (1946), Fort Apache (1948), The Tin Star (1957), How the West Was Won (1962), Once Upon a Time in the West (1968), NBC TV series The Deputy (1959-1961), and others. Photo: U.S. PD c. 1950 Studio Promo  {001}

barbed wire divider2 - Week 32: August 6th thru 12thEnd: Week 32, August 6th thru 12th.

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{001} C 01/18/01; E 08/20; F 06/11; P 08/18

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