Week 38: September

Week 38: September 17th thru 23rd

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Names in bold will be found in Players; bolded Titles in References.

9/17 of… 1836

Born in Leipsic, Kent County, Delaware: William Jackson Palmer. Civil engineer, soldier, railroad builder, philanthropist.

1851

The Treaty of Ft. Laramie (1851) involved many tribes and agreed on some traditional tribal boundaries — but was really intended to protect settlers on the Oregon Trail. Typically, payments and goods promised to Indians never materialized and the volume of settlers steadily increased. When gold was discovered on Indian lands the treaty, as most, was just so much smoke.  {001}

1868

Battle of Beecher IslandGeneral Phil Sheridan had sent 50 civilian scouts under the command of Maj George Forsyth on a punitive expedition against raiding Indians in today’s northwest Kansas/Colorado area. A week out from staging at Fort Wallace, KS, they found the offending Indians at dawn. Some estimates suggest perhaps as many as 750 Cheyenne and Sioux warriors. (Cheyenne Warrior Woman Ehyophsta* was in this fight).
Forsyth prudently led his command to a sandbar in the Arkansas River, had them kill the horses to build a breastworks and dig in behind it as best they could. In a desperate three day battle many, including Forsyth, were wounded. His second in command, 3rd Infantry Lt. Fredrick Beecher, scouts George W. Culver, Louis Farley and the acting surgeon were killed. Several brave volunteers started out to walk the perilous 60 miles back to Fort Wallace for aid. The survivors fed on their slowly decomposing horses and waited…  {001}
see also:
Quotes Index – Commentators QuotesBattle of Beecher Island
*
Photo gallery Index – Indian Photos –
Indian Women WarriorsEhyophsta

1868

Cheyenne Chief Roman Nose - Week 38: September 17th thru 23rdKilled in the Battle of Beecher Island, important Cheyenne political/war leader Roman Nose. The first charges were broken and the battle seemed not to be going well, when a group of young warriors persuaded him to lead a charge. He had refrained from battle that day, having had a premonition that death awaited him if he did. He was correct. A great loss to his people. Photo: U.S. PD pre-1868 -Roman Nose {001}
see: Battle of Beecher Island – above

1871

S.K. Wall murdered by Jack Wight and George Witherill for his sheep and money in Douglas County, Colorado.  {001}

1877

The Sam Bass Gang+2 takes the Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific train at Ogallala, NE, for $60,000 in gold coin.  {001}

1882

Same place, same driver: Black Bart stops the stagecoach from Eureka to Redding but the take is piddling, Shasta County, CA.  {001}
see:
Wk. 41, 10/08/1881 – Black Bart

9/18 of… 1855

Born in Henriville, Montérégie, Quebec, Canada East: James P. “Jim” Masterson. Buffalo hunter, lawman, gunfighter.  {001}

1877

The Sam Bass Gang+2, including Tom Nixon and four others rob the Union Pacific train at Big Springs, NE, taking $60,000. Immediate pursuit by Ford County, KS, sheriff Charlie Bassett, under-sheriff Bat Masterson and John Webb bears no fruit. Pinkerton reward poster for Nixon offers $1,000 and 10% of recovered funds.  {001}

1879

Fleeing the San Carlos Reservation (AZ Territory) for the last time and leading his band again towards New Mexico, Apache leader Victorio wins a battle with the U.S. Army at Las Animas Canyon, AZ.  {001}

1882

OWDR Dallas Stoudenmire - Week 38: September 17th thru 23rdAn attempt to make peace in a long time feud between El Paso, TX, gunfighter Dallas Stoudenmire {07} and the Manning Brothers (Doc, Jim and Frank) goes sour when Stoudenmire and Doc Manning start fighting and shooting. Both were wounded before Jim Manning showed up and shot Stoudenmire in the head. Photo: U.S. PD pre-1882  {001}

1905

Agnes George de Mille (DeMille) born in New York, NY. Choreographer.  {001}

1915

Doctor Susan la Flesche Picotte Susan La Flesche Picotte (One Woman) Age: 50 yrs. After years of poor health, died of bone cancer in the reservation hospital, which she had founded in Walthill, NE. Native American (Omaha) doctor and  social reformer in the late 19th century. She is widely acknowledged as one of the first Native Americans to earn a medical degree (Valedictorian, graduating at the top of her class after a rigorous three-year course of study (03/14/1889). She campaigned for public health and for the formal, legal allotment of land to members of the Omaha tribe. She was widely trusted in the reservation community and made house calls and cared for patients sick with tuberculosis, influenza, cholera, dysentery, and trachoma. Photo U.S. PD, by Henry Jackson.  {003 & 001}

1957

The NBC series Wagon Train began its eight year, 284-episode run. It starred Ward Bond, Robert Horton, John McIntire, Frank McGrath, and others. Guest stars included Roscoe Ates, Lee Marvin, and Ronald Regan. Based on the 1950 John Ford-directed film Wagon Master starring Ward Bond, Harry Carey, Jr. and Ben Johnson.  {001}

1964

J. Frank Dobie - Hathorn - Week 38: September 17th thru 23rdThe passing of J. Frank Dobie, 75, Austin, TX. The “Will Rogers” of Texas and recipient of the Medal of Freedom (1964). Dobie was educated, liberal and outspoken. He was a teacher, folklorist, newspaper columnist and author. Having been a real working cowboy he knew something of the life he wrote about: A Vaquero of the Brush Country (1929) (co-authored with John Young), The Longhorns (1941), The Mustangs (1952), Cow People (1964). He helped save the Texas Longhorn from extinction. A fine Texan and a great American. TYH! Photo: U.S. PD pre-1964, Promo shot.  {001}

9/19 of… 1819

The Western Engineer, first steamboat to navigate Nebraska waters, reaches Missouri Trading Company‘s Fort Lisa (today, North Omaha).  {001}

1845

Charles Valentine Riley born in London, England. Entomologist.  {001}

1861

Evett Dumas Nix, aka E.D. Nix, born in Kentucky. Businessman, lawman.  {001}
see:
PLAYERS – Timelines Index – Timelines M-Z – Three Guardsmen Timeline

1876

Dr. Phillip Brassell - feud victin - Week 38Sutton partisans in the Sutton-Taylor Feud came to the home of Dr. Phillip Brassell of Yorktown, TX mistakenly believing that the Brassells were Taylor sympathizers.  They rounded up the doctor and three of his sons, (two of whom escaped), but Phillip and son George (Brassell) were shot to death. The day before the murders, the doctor had put his affairs in order as he believed he was dying of tuberculosis. Hardly the first time such errors were made in Western feuds. Photo: U.S. PD pre-1923.  {001}

1878

Doc Holliday is playing cards with Cockeyed Frank Loving in Bill Harris and Chalk Beeson’s Long Branch Saloon in Dodge City, KS, when Texas cowboys Tobe Driscoll, Ed Morrison and others get the drop on Wyatt Earp outside. Doc retrieves his “jewelry” from the bar and goes to Wyatt’s aid. Doc steps out the door and says, “Throw ‘em up!” One soldier shot in the leg and one cowboy buffaloed. Doc asks, “What’ll we do with ‘em, Wyatt?” All were disarmed and off to jail — or so legend has it. Disputed. Something happened that night…  {001}

 

1881

Hidebound medical ignorance and an unwashed doctor’s finger do what Charles Guiteau‘s bullets could not: James A. Garfield, 20th President of the United States dead of massive infection. Washington, D.C.  {001}
see:
Wk. 27; 07/02/1881 – Charles Guiteau

1881

Chester A. Arthur Inaugurated as the 21st President of the United States.  {001}

1900

The Wild Bunch”: Butch Cassidy, the Sundance Kid, the Tall Texan, Kid Curry and Will Carver rob the Bank at Winnemucca, NV. Can this be true? Was it them? How long would it take to ride horseback from Tipton, MT, to Winnemucca, NV. This would be a good time to know what the Pony Express riders really did…  {001}
see:
Wk. 35, 08/29/1900) – TiptonWho was where?
The Originals Index – Outlaw Gangs IndexWild Bunch

9/20 of… 1820

Daniel Boone - Week 38: September 17th thru 23rdEarly pioneer Daniel Boone died at his home in St. Charles County, MO. Painting: 1820 painting by Chester Harding.  {001}

1848

American Association for the Advancement of Science - Week 38: September 17th thru 23rdThe American Association for the Advancement of Science formed at the Academy of Natural Sciences in Philadelphia, PA. A reformation of the Association of American Geologists and Naturalists, it became an international non-profit organization with the stated goals of promoting cooperation among scientists, defending scientific freedom, encouraging scientific responsibility, and supporting scientific education and science outreach for the betterment of all humanity. The world’s largest general scientific society, it has more than 120,000 members and is the publisher of the well-known scientific journal Science. Each year, the organization gives out a number of honorary awards which recognize “scientists, journalists, and public servants for significant contributions to science and to the public’s understanding of science.”  Logo: © AAAS, fair use.  {001}

1849

George Bird Grinnell born in Brooklyn, NY. Author, historian, anthropologist, naturalist, conservationist.  {001}

1870

Utah’s first gold mill makes its opening run.  {001}

1872

Born in Cynthiana, KY, Walter Edward Perry Scott, he will become Death Valley Scotty, one of the Old West’s finest con men.  {001}

1873

The Panic of 1873: The New York stock market closed for ten days, after a chain reaction of bank failures, precipitated by the Jay Cooke Bank, which had closed two days before, after it could not sell off some of it’s heavy investment in the Northern Pacific RR. By November 1873, some 55 of the nation’s railroads had failed. Factories began to lay off workers as the U. S. slipped into depression. The effects of the panic were quickly felt in New York, but somewhat slower in the West: Chicago, Virginia City, NV, and San Francisco. Another 60 railroads were bankrupt by the first anniversary of the crisis and construction of new rail lines, formerly one of the backbones of the economy, plummeted from 7,500 miles (12,070 km) of track in 1872 to just 1,600 miles (2,575 km) in 1875. Between 1873 and 1875, 18,000 businesses failed, corporate profits vanished, real estate values fell, building construction was halted and wages, cut across the nation, dropped to 45% of their previous level. In 1878, unemployment peaked at 8.25%. Lasting 65 months, known as the “Long Depression“, this was the largest economic contraction in U.S. History.   {001}
see also:
Wk. 07, 02/12/1873 – “The Crime of 1873”
The Originals Index – Trade in the Old West – Commerce in the Old WestVarious issues around the early 1870’s…
Photo gallery Index – Transportation Photos – Railroads in the West

1887

The Burrows Gang, led by brother Ruben, takes a Texas and Pacific train at Benbrook, TX.  {001}
see:
The Originals Index – Outlaw Gangs IndexBurrows Gang

1932

Wovoka - Paiute Shaman - Week 38: September 17th thru 23rdThe passing of Wovoka (“cutter” or “wood cutter”) aka: Jack Wilson (born: c. 1856), on the Walker River Reservation near Yerrington, NV. He was the Northern Paiute religious leader who founded the Ghost Dance* movement. He kept his faith in the movement even as it faded, continuing to practice as a shaman and selling such mystical items as eagle tail feathers. Photo: U.S. PD c. pre-1932 ARC.  {001}
see:
*Wk. 01, 01/01/1889 – Ghost Dance

9/21 of… 1853

Renowned geologist and mineralogist William Phipps Blake made a thorough investigation of a “forge or furnace” used for processing antimony ore (stibnite) at a place his Indian guide called “Campo de los Americanos” somewhere near Mission San Bunaventure (CA). This investigation provided further evidence of early mining activity in the area although not mission related.  {001}
see also:
The Originals Index – ExpeditionsPacific Railroad Survey

1904

Chief Joseph 1877 - Week 38: September 17th thru 23rdChief Joseph of the Wallowa Nez Perce, age 64, buried in Nespelem, WA. Most noted for the desperate three month trek of the Nez Perce which he led across five states during winter, attempting to reach freedom in Canada (1877). Captured by General Nelson Miles in Montana, the group was forced into a series of reservations in the Midwest for many years before being allowed to return to Washington. Although Joseph pleaded their case to the government for many years, they were never allowed to return to the Wallowa Valley. Some said that Joseph died of a broken heart. Photo: U.S. PD, 1877 O.S. Goff  {001}

1905

The Sequoyah Constitutional Convention met in Muskogee, Indian Territory.  {001}
see:
References – Dictionary Sequoyah, State of

1912

Porum Range WarTom Cobb, friend of Joe Davis, shot and wounded.   {028}
see also:
PLAYERS – Timelines Master Index- Timelines A-L – Porum Range War Timeline

1947

Harry Carey - Week 38: September 17th thru 23rdHarry Carey (Henry DeWitt Carey II), age 69, died in Brentwood, LA, CA. Silent film superstar and one of the earliest western actors. Red River (1948). Photo: U.S. PD pre-1947 publicity shot.  {001}

1974

Walter Brennan c 1958 - Week 38: September 17th thru 23rdWalter Andrew Brennan, age 80, died in Oxnard, CA. Winning three oscars as a supporting actor, Brennan appeared in numerous movies including: The Westerner as Judge Roy Bean (1940), My Darling Clementine as “Old Man” Clanton (1946) with Henry Fonda, and How the West Was Won (1962). Photo: U.S. PD 1958 publicity shot.  {001}

2004

Museum of the American Indian - DC 2007 - Week 38: September 17th thru 23rdNMAI – Opening as part of the Smithsonian Institution, the National Museum of the American Indian on the National Mall in Washington, D.C., is  dedicated to the life, languages, literature, history, and arts of the Native Americans of the Western Hemisphere. There are two other facilities; the George Gustav Heye Center, a permanent museum in New York City; and the Cultural Resources Center, a research and collections facility in Suitland, MD. Foundations of the present collections were first assembled in the former Museum of the American Indian in New York City (est. 1916) which became part of the Smithsonian in 1990. Photo: U.S. PD 2007 by  Gryffindor  {001}
see also:
Wk. 03, 01/20/1957 – George Gustav Heye

9/22 of…1843

Francois-Jean “Frenchy” Rochas born in France: he would become a carpenter and a pioneer of the Tularosa Basin in New Mexico.  {001}

1844

Francisco Vázquez de Coronado y Luján (born c. 1510) died in Mexico City, Viceroyalty of New Spain. A Spanish conquistador and explorer who led a large expedition from Mexico to present-day Kansas through parts of the southwestern United States (1540-42). He had hoped to reach a city of riches in Kansas (Quivira), as with the Seven Cities of Gold, it proved elusive. His expedition recorded the first European sightings of the Grand Canyon, the Colorado River and other notable landmarks. When they had their fill of war, murder and looting, and after Coronado was badly wounded, they returned to New Spain empty handed. Painting: US PD, Fredrick RemingtonCoronado sets out for the North.  {001}
see:
The Originals Index – ExpeditionsSpanish Expeditions

1852

Edward J. “Ed” Masterson born in Henriville, Montérégie, Quebec, Canada East. Buffalo hunter, lawman.  {001}

1861

A horse race at Ft. Wingate, NM turns into a massacre as soldiers slaughter Navajo men, women and children without provocation. There were no declared hostilities.  {001}

1897

Sheriff John Dunn takes in a few of the Wild Bunch: the Sundance Kid, Kid Curry and Walt Putney near Lavina, MT.  {001}

1909

Harry Leonard Albershart, aka Allan “Rocky” Lane born in Mishawaka, ID. Actor.  {001}

1938

Authur William Savage - Week 38: September 17th thru 23rdArthur William Savage, a suicide at age 81 in San Diego, CA. Inventor and firearms designer. He was the originator of the hammer-less rifle, the rotary magazine, and most importantly, the box magazine (1908). He created the now famous Savage Model 99 lever action rifle (in production for more than 100 years!). Photo: U.S. PD pre- 1938  {001}

1957

Debut of the western themed TV show show Maverick starring James Garner and Jack Kelly on ABC.  {001}

1976

James Warner Bellah - Week 38: September 17th thru 23rdLos Angeles, CA, sees the passing of James Warner Bellah at age 77, author of nineteen novels and numerous short stories. Some notable ones made into western movies by John Ford and John Wayne include: Fort Apache (from short story), Massacre (1947), She Wore a Yellow Ribbon (from short story), Command (1946), Big Hunt (1947) & War Party (1948); Rio Grande (from short story),  Mission with No Record (1947). His collection The Valiant Virginian (1953) was the inspiration for the 1961 NBC television series, The Americans. Photo: U.S. PD publicity shot  {001}

9/23 of… 1806

Lewis and Clark Expedition - Week 38: September 17th thru 23rdSt. Louis, MO. Lewis and Clark complete their epic exploration of the northern half of the Louisiana Purchase. The quiet and scholarly Lewis returned with his landmark accomplishment, the painstaking journals he kept detailing everything they encountered. On that same day, the Southern Expedition led by Lt. Zebulon Pike had reached a point near present day Jewell, KS, in its westward trek. Graphic: U.S. PD, via Wikipedia  {001 & 003}

1865

John “Liver Eating” Johnston is discharged from the 2nd Regiment of the 2nd Colorado Calvary, having been wounded twice during his service.

1865

Ft. Ellsworth Stage - Week 38: September 17th thru 23rdDavid Butterfield himself rides the Butterfield Overland Dispatch as the first stage on the Smokey Hill route from Atchinson, KS, to Denver, CO. It arrives after a twelve day journey. Soon, tri-weekly service is available on the route (eight to twelve days’ travel time). The danger from Indians is still very real along the route. Photo: The Fort Ellsworth stage, PD U.S.  {001}

1880

Headed back to Roseburg from Eureka, the stage is robbed by Black Bart in Jackson County, OR.  {001}

1889

Stuart N. Lake born in Rome, NY. Western writer.  {001}

1897

According to plans laid earlier by community leaders at the Tivoli Saloon, the first “Frontier Day” (Cheyenne, WY) was held — complete with starting cannon, ox teams, a stage coach robbery, vigilantes, rodeo events, a band and a grand ball to round it all out! A success from the git-go, the annual event has become the “Granddaddy of ‘em All,” Cheyenne Frontier Days.  {001}

1902

John Wesley Powell - Week 38: September 17th thru 23rdThe passing of soldier, geologist and explorer John Wesley Powell at age 68. Even after having lost an arm in the Civil War, Powell was an indefatigable and intrepid explorer. His expedition of 1869 made the first transit of the Colorado River system by boat*. He served as the second director of the U.S. Geological Survey from 1881 to 1894 and director of the Bureau of American Ethnology at the Smithsonian Institution as well. Powell was a sound conservationist who actually understood the west. He strongly opposed the theory of Cyrus Thomas**, promoted by Horace Greeley, the railroads and others who saw profit in “developing” the west. The “profit” they ultimately reaped turned into the dust bowl of the 1920’s. Look up this great American and TYH!  Photo: USGS c. early 1880’s.   {001 & 003}
see:
* Wk. 21, 05/24/1869 – Expedition begins
** Wk. 26, 06/26/1910 – Cyrus Thomas
Quotes Index – Commentators QuotesJWP
References – Dictionary –  acculturation

1919

Seth Bullock - Week 38: September 17th thru 23rdSeth Bullock, age 70, died in Deadwood, SD. As sheriff (1873) of Lewis and Clark County, MT, he once held off a lynch mob (which had driven off the official executioner) with his shotgun — and pulled the trap himself to hang horse thief Clell Watson (who had wounded him during the arrest). In 1874, he met Medora, SD, deputy sheriff Theodore Roosevelt and they became lifelong friends.
Arriving in Deadwood, SD, two days after Jack McCall murdered Wild Bill Hickok, Bullock and long-time partner Sol Star opened a hardware store. But Bullock soon found himself appointed the wild community’s first sheriff. During his tenure he never had to kill a man. Shortly after taking the position (1876) he informed Wyatt Earp, who appeared to be job-hunting, that his services were not needed in Deadwood and that he should leave town. Wyatt went back to Dodge. He lost an election for the position in November. Seth would later become a deputy U.S. Marshal (1905) serving for nine years.
Their hardware store burned to the ground in 1894. So, Bullock and Star built the Bullock Hotel on the same lot. The finest establishment of its kind in the city. It is still in business today. TYH! Photo: U.S. PD 1893  {001}
see also:
Just for Fun Pages – Monsters and Supernatural Beings of the Old WestBullock Hotel

1945

Melody Ranch - Week 38: September 17th thru 23rdWW II is over and Gene Autry and Melody Ranch return to CBS Radio. The show is only 15 minutes long and will remain so until 06/16/1946. Photo: U.S. PD studio promo.  {001}

1955

A spinoff from the Gene Autry Show, the Adventures of Champion debuts on CBS TV with Barry Curtis as Ricky West and a German shepherd named Blaze as Rebel. It was Champion the Wonder Horse in the UK.  {001}

1982

 - Week 38: September 17th thru 23rdSinging cowboy Jimmy Wakely (James Clarence Wakeley), age 68, died in Mission Hills, CA. Recording star (1930 -1970), DC Comics (’49-‘52, 18 issues). Some movies: Saga of Death Valley (1939) with Roy Rogers, Heart of the Rio Grande (1942) w/ Gene Autry. Fifteen films at Monogram Pictures with sidekick Dub Taylor as Cannonball (15), Ridin’ Down the Trail (1947), Courtin’ Trouble (1948), Lawless Code (1949), Arrow in the Dust (1954). All in all nearly 130 “B” westerns and in later years, music shows on TV. Photo: U.S. PD promo shot.  {001}

barbed wire divider2 - Week 38: September 17th thru 23rdEnd: Week 38, September 17th thru 23rd

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{001} C 05/21, E 09/20; F 06/11; P 05/21

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