Week 24: June

Week 24: June 11th thru 17th

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Names in bold will be found in Players; bolded Titles in References.

6/11 of…1850

San Francisco, CA. The newly formed Vigilance Committee flexes its muscles and strings up an Australian convict named John Jenkins.  {001}

1852

One Josiah Collins of Independence, MO, estimates that 23, 000 people, 59,000 head of cattle, 6,500 head of horses and one hog were headed west at the time.

1856

Iowa City, IA. The Second Handcart Company (McArthur), 221 strong, departs for Salt Lake City, UT, more than one hundred days away.   {001}
see also:
PLAYERS HHand Carts
Photo Gallery Index- Transportation PhotosMormon Hand Carts

1893

Just west of Cimarron, KS, the Santa Fe RR‘s California-New Mexico Express yields $1,000 in silver to the Doolin Gang. A pursuing posse caught up with the gang near Fort Supply, OK and a gunfight ensued. As the gang escaped, Bill Doolin took a round in his left foot. He would suffer from pain and rheumatism the rest of his life and the wound would eventually contribute to his downfall.  {001}
see:
The Originals Index – Outlaw Gangs Index – Doolin Gang – Wild Bunch

1961

The last episode of CBS Radio’s adult western, Gunsmoke, which consisted of 413 half hour shows over nine years (1952-61). The concept would lead to a TV series of the same name but with a different cast.  {001}

1979

John Wayne - Week 24John Wayne (Marion Robert [Mitchell] Morrison) age 72, died in Los Angeles, CA. Major western movie star (more than 140 films), as well as director and producer. His westerns include: Riders of Destiny (the first singing cowboy – dubbed) (1933), Stagecoach (1939), She Wore a Yellow Ribbon (1949), The Searchers (1956), The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance (1962), True Grit (1969), The Cowboys (1972) and The Shootist (1976). Dog – Duke. Photo: U.S. PD c. 1940’s, studio promo.  {001}

6/12 of…1814

Born in Bowdoinham, MA: Osborne Russell. Short-time sailor, trapper, hunter, author.  {001}

1830

Robert Havlin “Bob” Paul born in Lowell, MA. Arizona lawman.

1859

Comstock Ore - Week 24Six Mile Canyon near Virginia City, NV. Gold prospectors Patrick McLaughlin and Peter O’Riley dug a small hole as a water basin for their rocker. In the bottom of the hole was their gold strike! But the blue-black junk with it that clogged the rocker and made it hard to pan out the fines, turned out to be near-pure sulphuret of silver. This was the first major silver strike in the U.S., the fabulous Comstock Lode. It grossed $320 million between 1859 and 1882, but after costs and expenditures the net yield was only about $55 million. A highly paid miner received perhaps $4 a day for the immense risks taken in these dangerous mines. Western Utah Territory (Mt. Davidson, Virginia Range, NV.). Photo: U.S. PD Chris Ralph.  {001}
see also:
Photo Gallery Index – Mining Photos
-“The Cradle” & Mining on the Comstock
The Originals – Trade in the Old West – Commerce in the Old West
– metal values around 1859

1876

Escaping jail in Delta County, TX, killer “Wild Bill” Longley makes tracks for Arkansas via Oklahoma.  {001}

1878

Ft. Smith, AK sees the passing of well known army officer, explorer and trail blazer, Benjamin Louis Eulalie de Bonneville at age 82.

1881

Jim Crane and a band of outlaws take revenge for the killing of Leonard and Head. Ike and Bill Haslett are killed in a running gun battle across the New Mexico countryside. The feisty Hasletts take several of the outlaws with them. Now the way is open for Judge Gray and/or Ike Clanton to move on acquiring the contested “treasure” ranch.  {001}

1893

John Sontag at the Battle of Stone Corral - Week 24Gunfight at Stone Corral, near Visalia, CA. A two day gunfight ensued when a posse led by Marshal George E. Gard and including deputized bounty hunter Hiram “Hi” Rapelje, ambushed Chris Evans and John Sontag from Bacon’s old abandoned cabin at the corral. A tip had indicated they would pass by on the way to visit Evans’ wife. Both of the outlaws were badly wounded. Sontag was taken but Evans escaped — only to be captured a few days later, too weak to flee. He lost an eye and his right arm from his wounds. Photo: U.S. PD 1893 San Francisco Examiner: the wounded Sontag and the posse. (I’m betting that’s Marshal Gard, fourth from left. – Doc)  {001}
see:
The Originals Index – Outlaw Gangs Index – Evans Gang (Chris)

1895

Zip” Wyatt, Ike Black, Black’s wife, and a woman named Jennie Freeman — are all on the run from a posse who pursues them for robbing a post office and a general store in Oxley, OK. They successfully elude for several weeks but are finally found in a field near Okeene and Watonga, OK. An all day gun battle in the driving rain results in wounds to both Black and Wyatt. Leaving the women behind, they manage to slip away.  {001}

6/13 of…1857

Three hundred and thirty hardy Scandinavian emigrants, the Seventh Hand Cart Company (Christiansen) march out of Iowa City, IA, towards Salt Lake City, UT, many miles and months away. {001}
see also:
PLAYERS HHand Carts
Photo Gallery Index- Transportation PhotosMormon Hand Carts

1876

“Wild Bill” Longley shotguns preacher William R. Lay (while he is milking a cow), because he believed Lay had him imprisoned for beating up his son in a tiff over a woman. This will be Bill’s last hurrah.  {001}

1878

The Salt Creek Fight. The Sam Bass Gang is found encamped at Salt Creek in Wise County, TX, by a posse led by Sheriff W. F. Eagan and Texas Ranger Captain June Peak. Arkansas Johnson is killed, but the gang shoots their way out, making a break for it on foot. They then steal new horses and flee into Denton County.  {001}
see:
Wk. 15, 04/10/1878 – Sam Bass Gang

1904

Near Silver Lake, OR. Masked riders shoot sixty-five sheep in a raid on Allie Jones‘ sheep camp.  {001}

6/14 of…1811

The Pacific Fur Company +4 trading ship Tonquin +4 was anchored at Clayoquot Sound +3 Vancouver Island, the crew engaged in fur trading activities with the large numbers of Tla-o-qui-aht +4 Indians who had boarded the vessel. Commercial dealings were being carried on by the Captain, Jonathon Thorn +2, negotiating with an experienced elder named, Nookamis. Trading was not going well. Finally, faced with an all day, firm demand, of five blankets for a pelt, the hot-tempered, now very frustrated Thorn, struck the Indian in the face with a skin and ordered the immediate start of preparations to depart. Trading ceased and the natives left the ship.  {001}

1832

The Spafford Farm MassacreKickapoo Indians attack six men working on the farm. Four are killed, two escape. Part of The Blackhawk War, Lafayette County, WI.  {001}

1872

Born, Samuel Saguila “Pony” Starr in Briartown, Muskogee County Oklahoma Territory: farmer, rancher, range detective, brand inspector at the Fort Worth Stockyards. Participant in the Porum Range War.  {001}
see:
PLAYERS – Timelines Master Index- Timelines M-Z – Porum Range War Timeline

1882

Hiram Willits, Postmaster of Willitsville, CA, gets to see, first hand, where the mail goes. He is on the stage between Little Lake and Ukiah when it’s robbed by Black Bart. Medocino County, CA.  {001}

1888

Soon after a disagreement over cards, Harry Banta entered a restaurant through a rear door and shot George Davis in the head. Arrested and to be taken to Salida to jail, Banta was attacked by a mob and dragged to his death on the main street.  {001}

1889

Eddy Waller born in Chippewa, WI. Character actor, sidekick+2.  {001}

1890

Born in Kansas, Romaine Lowdermilk, cowboy, singer, songwriter, performer.  {001

1895

Born: Clifton A. “Ukulele Ike” Edwards in Hannibal, MO. Musician, movie actor, sidekick+2.  {001}

1918

Billy the Kid Gang member Billy Wilson gunned down by Ed Valentine at Sanderson, TX. Valentine was immediately lynched by irate citizens. (Info conflict: see September 30, very unlikely)  {001}

1917

Alfred La Rue, “Lash La Rue” born in Gretna Jefferson Parish, LA. Movie and TV star.  {001}

1948

Gertrude Franklin Horn Atherton, age 90, died in San Francisco, CA. Feminist and controversial novelist, she penned numerous books, one play and a screenplay — often written with California historical themes. Here are a few: Doomswoman (N) 1892, Before the Gringo Came (N) 1894, The Californians (N) 1898, Black Oxen (N) 1923 (also: Black Oxen [Movie] 1923), California: an Intimate History (1936).  {001}

6/15 of… 1783

Donald Mackenzie born in Scotland. Emigrated to Canada c. 1800; Explorer, pioneer in the fur trade.

1811

As the Pacific Fur Trading Company +4 trading ship Tonquin +4 was preparing to depart Clayoquot Sound +3, the Tla-o-qui-aht +4 returned and offered to accept three blankets and a knife for a skin. Informed by Joseachal +2, who survived the incident, company partner Duncan McDougall later recounted that, “A brisk trade was carried on until all the Indians setting round on the decks of the Ship were supplied with a knife a piece.” Then, warriors led by Wickaninnish attacked the crew, killing all but five. James Lewis +2, badly wounded, was left on board as the three of the crew escaped in a boat during the massacre. Joseachal was said to have been spared because his sister was married to a Tla-o-qui-aht man. The Indians, in full control of the vessel, left for the night.   {001}

1811

Killed by Tla-o-qui-aht +4 Indians in the massacre of the crew of the Pacific Fur Trading Company +4 trading vessel Tonquin +4 at Clayoquot Sound +3 Vancouver Island (above article), U.S. Navy Lieutenant Jonathon Thorn, +2, (age 32), Captain of the (civilian) ship. He was recruited by John Jacob Astor for the command and had secured a two year furlough from the navy for the opportunity.* He had no trading experience.  {001}
*The U.S. Navy must have been very pleased for a competent/trained observer to have a good excuse to “explore” the area at the time without the need to show the colors via a military vessel.

1836

Arkansa Seal - Week 24Arkansas admitted to the Union as the 25th state. “The Natural State”. Arkansas Seal, U.S. PD.  {001}

1846

Oregon Country 1818 - Week 24The Oregon Treaty of 1846 sets the U.S. and British North American border at the 49th parallel (excepting Vancouver Island which remained British). Based to some extent on commercial fur trading settlements and agreements already in place, the treaty attempted to resolve a legacy of competing claims and boundary disputes generated from an 1818 treaty [graphic]. As with most such contrived documents, the devil was still well ensconced in the details. Graphic: U.S. PD 2008 Kmusser  {001}

1850

The Mormon newspaper, Deseret News commences publication in Salt Lake City, UT.  {001}

1885

Sam Starr and two cohorts rob a stage in the Cherokee Nation, OK.  {001}

1900

Joe Boot and Pearl Hart are brought before Judge Doan to answer for the stage robbery at Florence, AZ.  {001}
see:
Wk. 22, 05/30/1899 – Joe Boot and Pearl Hart

6/16 of… 1811

The Tla-o-qui-aht +4 Indians returned to the scene of the previous day’s massacre on the Pacific Fur Trading Company +4 ship Tonquin +4, to complete the looting of the vessel. The surviving wounded crew member, James Lewis +2, then detonated the ship’s powder magazine, destroying the vessel, killing perhaps a hundred Indians and, no doubt, wounding many more. In response, the natives captured and tortured to death, the three crew members who had escaped during the massacre. The translator, Joseachal +2, was eventually allowed to depart for Fort Astoria. He arrived several months later, with the assistance of a prominent Lower Chinookan noble named Comcomly, to tell the tale to the trading post.  Joseachal’s account as to the fate of the Tonquin, is all there is…  {001}
FYI: Although many have searched, the remains of the bark * have never been found. In 2003, a rusty anchor encrusted with blue-green trade beads, which dated to the fur trading era when the Tonquin sank, was recovered from the sandy bottom near Tofino in Clayoquot Sound +2. However, there were no markings, conclusively linking  the anchor to the lost ship. – Doc
see also:
*
Dictionary Bark
Wk. 43, 10/28/1848 – Robert Stuart

1829

Born: Goyathlay (“one who yawns”) (Geronimo) a Bedonkohe Apache Indian, on Turkey Creek near the Gila River, Mexico (now AZ). (Rare to have a birth date for a famous Indian.)  {001}

1860

President James Buchanan signs The Pacific Telegraph Act, authorizing the Secretary of the Treasury to seek bids for construction of a Transcontinental Telegraph Line.  {001}
see:
Wk. 43, 10/24/1861 – Transcontinental Telegraph Line

1911

Roland Charles Meyers, “Whip Wilson” born in Granite City IL: “B” movie star.  {001}

6/17 of… 1865

Susan La Flesche Picotte (One Woman) born during the Omaha Indians summer buffalo hunt (Nebraska) to Joseph La Flesche, (Iron Eye), the last recognized chief of the Omaha and Mary Gale (One Woman).  Native American doctor and reformer in the late 19th century.  {003}

1876

Battle of Rosebud Creek. Major General George Crook is heavily engaged and forced to retreat by Sioux and Cheyenne warriors. One of the hotly debated issues of the West: Did this event set the scene for the massacre of Custer’s troops at the Battle of the Little Bighorn?  {001}
see:
Wk. 26, 06/25/1876 – Battle of the Little Bighorn

1876

Squaw Jim - Osh-Tish - Finds Them and Kills Them - Week 24Crow woman Pretty Shield claims there were two unusual and very interesting Crow warriors fighting with the U.S. Army at Rosebud Creek. One, The Other Magpie, was a woman warrior who carried no weapons, only a coup stick with a single feather. Brave and bold astride a black horse, she intimidated and counted coup on several Sioux warriors, scalping the one shot by Finds Them and Kills Them (Squaw Jim), a well known transvestite warrior, who was defending the badly wounded Bull Snake. The half man, half woman (as the Indians saw it) dressed as a man for battle lest he be thought hiding in women’s clothes if he were killed. The Other Magpie cut her fresh scalp into many pieces and passed them out to other warriors so more could join the scalp dance that night. Photo: U.S. PD pre-1923, Squaw Jim – Osh-Tish – Finds Them and Kills Them (LH) and his wife.  {001}
see also:
References – DictionaryBerdache

1882

Charles Autobee - Week 24Died: Charles Autobee, familiar figure to the Arapahoe, Blackfeet, Cheyenne, Teton Lakota, Navajo, and Ute Indians. He was friends with William Bent, Ceran St. Vrain (employed by), Kit Carson, Jim Bridger, and James Beckwith. Army scout, mountain man, saloon keeper, trader, and rancher near the Huerfano and Arkansas Rivers from 1853, he failed to qualify under the US Government Homestead Act. After 30 years in residence he lost his land and died broke, a victim of the bureaucracy. Autobee’s half-brother was Tom Tobin, best known for ambushing and killing the Espinosa brothers whose widespread murder spree terrorized Coloradans in the mid-1860′s. Charles spoke fluent Navajo, Arapaho, Cheyenne, Lakota, and Spanish. He lived with six different women, including Sycamore, an Arapaho woman (1st. wife) and Juanita Gomez, his second wife with whom he lived until he died. Photo: U.S. PD unknown, pre-1882.  {003 & 001}
see:
Photo Gallery Index – Pushin’ Up Daisies Charles Autobee

1904

Kid Curry - Week 24WB: Kid Curry {04} (Harvey Logan), “Wildest of the Wild Bunch”, lets his accomplices Charlie Howland and George Kilpatrick escape, then takes his own life in Jackson Gulch, where he was seriously wounded by rancher Rolle Gardner. Gardner was incensed about having his horses stolen by the fleeing outlaws, who were in a shootout with a pursuing posse after a train robbery at Parachute, CO. He had just learned the hard way that a telephone can outrun the fastest horse.  {001}
see:
Players – Timelines – Timelines A-L – Kid Curry Timeline
The Originals Index – Gunfighter Statistics – 04
Photo Gallery Index – Lawmen and Outlaws PhotosKid Curry

barbed wire divider2 - Week 24End: Week 24, June 11th thru 17th

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{001} C 06/21; E 08/18; F 06/11; P 08/18

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