Week 46: November

Week 46: November 12 thru 18th

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Names in bold will be found in Players; bolded Titles in References.

11/12 of… 1815

Born in Johnstown, NY: Elizabeth Cady Stanton: woman’s rights/suffrage advocate, abolitionist, author, social activist.  {001}


The Lost Ship in the Desert. As reported in the Los Angeles Star, Charley Clusker and a party started out again this morning to find the mythical ship upon the desert this side of Dos Palmas [located on the northeast side of the Salton Sea Basin]. Charley made the trip three or four weeks ago, but made the wrong chute [sic] and mired his wagon fifteen miles from Dos Palmas. He is satisfied from information he has received from the Indians that the ship is no myth. He is prepared with a good wagon, pack saddles, and planks to cross the sandy ground.”  {001}
see also:
The Originals Index – Lost Treasures in the Old West


Springer, New Mexico Territory, hosts the National Cattlemen’s Association.  {001}


Voca, TX. James S. “Jim” Longley, brother of William P.Wild Bill” Longley is elected sheriff.  {001}


Sale of the last cattle from the XIT Ranch in Texas. Now the final land sales would complete the dissolution of the ranch. The XIT — “Ten in Texas,” covering all or part of ten counties — was founded by the Capitol Syndicate (Chicago) in 1885 and “owned” by brothers Charles and John Farwell. They traded construction of a new state capitol building in Austin — valued at $3,000,000 — for 3,000,000 acres of land. Initially the ranch ran about 150,000 cattle a year. Then, due to economic conditions in the cattle market, the ranch began to fail. An XIT herd, ramrodded by John McCanless, was the last up the Western Trail (1896). By 1908 both brothers were dead and the ranch had been sold asunder.  {001}
see also:
Quotes Index – Rules to Live By XIT Ranch Rules (low on the page)


Winifred Maurice Harrison Sunset Carson” born in Gracemont, OK. Movie star.  {001}

11/13 of… 1833

On the night of one of the most spectacular meteor showers in recorded history, a child is born to a Tabeguache (Uncompaghre) Ute mother and a Jicarilla Apache father. He is named Ouray (the arrow) after the spectacular omen which has attended his birth. Raised as a Ute, he followed his Ute-adopted Apache father to become the next chief of the Tabeguache in 1860. He lived up to the omen, the great Leonid Meteor Shower (11/13/1833).  {001}
Photo Gallery Index – Indian PhotosOuray and Chipeta
Wk. 34, 08/24/1880 – Chief Ouray


Sentenced to death for the killing of one John Savage, Chipita Rodriguez gains the dubious honor of becoming the first woman to be legally hanged in Texas.  {001}


The Downieville to Marysville (CA) Wells Fargo Stage is robbed by Joe and Tom Brown. One passenger wounded.  {001}


LCW: A “blanket amnesty” for all participants in the Lincoln County War is proclaimed by New Mexico’s Governor Lew Wallace.  {001}


Frak, Jesse and Zerelda James - Week 46: November 12th thru 18thMother of Frank and Jesse James, Zerelda Amanda James-Simms-Samuel died at her sister’s home in Kansas City, MO. Photo: U.S. PD pre-1900, Zerelda, Frank and Jesse.  {001}


Victor, CO in the famous Cripple Creek mining district, these were troubling economic times. Silver mines were no longer working at a profit, shutting down and unable to pay their miners. Seeing the situation in a different light, a private citizen took it upon himself to coin his own currency (five years prior to the establishment of the U.S. Mint in Denver). Miner and real estate investor Joseph Lesher produced an alternative octagonal silver coin called The Referendum souvenir medal (“Referendum dollars“) that he believed people would accept as trade for merchandise and services. Lesher intended to issue and redeem them himself, he sold the first 100 medals at their $1.25 face value (At the time, silver was valued at $ .63 an ounce). When this proved impractical, he arranged with A. B. Bumstead, a local grocer, to use the Referendums in his store and to redeem them in merchandise or cash. Bumstead sold 700 specimens and only three pieces were returned for redemption. It is believed that about 1,000 pieces (in two varieties) of the Bumstead pieces were made. The Referendums were accepted as money in Cripple Creek, Colorado City, Colorado Springs, Victor, and most likely, even in Denver. They also had a limited circulation in Pueblo, but in some places their only use was as trade premiums, or as items for sale as novelties. They never caught on. Today they are collector items. In a 1914 interview Lesher said he believed between 3000-3500 medals were struck. In 2008 Lesher expert Adna Wilde believed only about 1870 medals were made. Photos: U.S. PD? Adna Wilde – LH original version, obv, est. 100 minted – Cntr imprint version, rev, est. 10 minted. – RH Bumstead version 2, obv, est. 1000 minted.  {001 & 030}
        Referendum Dollar est. 10 minted - Week 46Lesher Referendum Dollar<br>est. 100 minted - Week 46
Wk. 27, 07/04/1918 – Joseph Lesher
see also:
Wk. 28, 07/14/1890 – The Sherman Silver Purchase Act


Bernard DeVoto.jpgNew York City, NY sees the passing of American historian, columnist, editor, essayist, reviewer and teacher, Bernard Augustine DeVoto. Author of a series of popular histories of the American West: The Year of Decision: 1846 (1943); Across the Wide Missouri (1947) – Pulitzer for History (1948); The Course of Empire (1952) – National Book Award for Nonfiction (1953). He also edited a selection of The Journals of Lewis and Clark (1953). At the time of his death in 1955, a book on the history, geography and ecology of the American West remained incomplete. Photo: Fair Use.  {001}
Commentators QuotesHistory – by Wallace Stegner
References – Books – Novels and History (non-ref)
– Bernard Augustine DeVoto

11/14 of… 1861

Fredrick Jackson Turner born in Portage, WI. Western historian.  {001}


On the road between Horse Prairie and Bannack, MT, Henry Tilden was set upon by three men and robbed of $10. One of the robbers might have been Sheriff Henry Plummer.  {001}


Justice of the Peace George W. “Hoodoo” Brown, allegedly in reaction to a holdup on the Santa Fe Railroad, appoints outlaw and stage robber Dave Rudabaugh to the post of sheriff in the Las Vegas, New Mexico Territory.  {001}


William F. “Billy the Kid” Claiborne is killed trying to ambush “Buckskin Frank” Leslie outside the Oriental Saloon at Tombstone, AZ. Frank had tried to warn him off but Billy wasn’t listening.  {001}
Quotes Index – Gunfighter Quotes – from Billy


Aaron Copeland born in Brooklyn, NY. Composer.  {001}


Six term, Grant County, NM Sheriff Harvey Whitehill died in Deming, NM, buried in the Masonic cemetery, in Silver City.  {001}


Robert Alba Keith born in Bayonne, NJ (??).  {001}


Johnny Mack Brown - Week 46: November 12th thru 18thJohnny Mack Brown, age 70, died in Woodland Hills, CA. He was in 127 Western films: Billy the Kid (1930), The Big Trail (1930) with John Wayne, Montana Moon (1930), Desperate Trails (1939) and Badman from Red Butte (1939). He also played in four serials for Universal Studios: Flaming FrontiersRustlers of Red Dog, Wild West Days and The Oregon Trail. Photo: U.S. PD 1936 screen shot from Rogue of the Range{001}

11/15 of… 1806

Lt. Zebulon Pike and expedition physician Dr. John H. Robinson first sight the distant Colorado peak which Pike calls Grand Peak — but which will later be named for him. Near Ft. Lyons, CO.  {001}
The Originals Index – Landmarks and RegistersPike’s Peak


 William Cathay takes a three year enlistment in the U.S. Army in St. Louis, MO and he is assigned to the 38th Infantry. Only two soldiers in the unit, her cousin and a friend, know the secret, her name is actually, Cathay Williams.  {001}


St. Louis, MO, sees the passing of Geminien P. Beauvais, age ??. Noted early explorer and frontiersman.  {001}


Georgia Totto O’Keeffe born near Sun Prairie, WI. American painter.  {001}


Sheep Wars. At Lower Snake River, Northwestern CO, forty masked men attacked a sheep camp. The shepherds were robbed, their wagon burned and more than 3,000 sheep were “clubbed and scattered”.  {001}


Eliss Albert “Al” Swearengen, age 59, found dead of a massive head injury in the middle of a suburban street in Denver, CO. Swearengen was an entrepreneur, businessman/promoter, pimp, and proprietor of the Gem Theater in Deadwood, SD (1877-99). This was likely a revenge killing for some of Al’s murders or additional foul play in Deadwood… to say the least, he was not a nice man. His twin brother Lemuel was also murdered in much the same fashion outside his meat market in Oskaloosa, IA, in July of 1910. No photo.  {001}


Allie Earp - Week 46: November 12th thru 18thOne of the last of the real “old timers,” Alvira “Allie” Sullivan Earp, dies at age 98 in Los Angles, CA. Wife of the famous lawman Virgil Walter Earp. Photo: U.S. PD c. 1880’s – at 16 yrs. old.  {001}

11/16 of… 1821

William Becknell‘s pack train arrives in Santa Fe, NM. The Spanish, who tended to imprison traders as “spies”, are out of the picture and the “new” Mexicans are open for trade. The round trip took only 48 days and realized considerable profit. In 1822, Becknell will pioneer a new route and the use of wagons to carry goods. The Santa Fe Trail is open for business.  {001}
Wk. 35, 09/01/1821 – Becknell departs


Mexican–American War: The Battle of Natividad was fought between U. S. organized California militia and loyalist Mexican militia. An American scouting party was attacked by a force of mounted Californios on Rancho La Natividad in the Salinas Valley. The Californios were attempting to capture some horses being herded by the Americans to Fremont‘s base. Four Americans were killed. Walla Walla and Delaware Indians fighting with the Americans displayed two scalps  taken during the fight. The Americans kept their horses.  {001}


Tombstone, AZ Territory. Wyatt Earp testifies before Judge Wells Spicer‘s court about the shootout at the O.K. Corral and claims he fired in self-defense.  {001}


OWDR Oklahoma Seal Web.svgCombining the Oklahoma Territory (created 1890) and part of the Indian Territories (created 1834 for the use Native Americans), Oklahoma was admitted to the Union as the 46th state. “The Sooner State”. The state’s name, Oklahoma, is derived from the Choctaw Indian words “okla,” meaning people, and “humma,” meaning red. Oklahoma Seal, U.S. PD.  {001}
see also:
Wk, 52, 12/29/1835 –

References – DictionaryIndian Territory map
Wk. 52, 12/29/1935 – Treaty of New Etocha
Wk. 37, 09/16/1893 – Cherokee Strip Land Run
Wk. 34, 08/21/1905 – Sequoyah, State of


The Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA). Activists inspired by Maria Pearson finally succeed in securing legislation regarding proprietorship and disposition of human remains and cultural objects of Native American peoples: a complicated and ongoing issue.  {001}

11/17 of… 1539

Melchor Diaz - Week 46, November 12th thru 18thResponding to a report by Fray Marcos de Niza that he had actually seen the fabled cities of Cibola, Viceroy Antonio de Mendoza sent Melchor Díaz to lead a expedition (15 men) from San Miguel de Culiacán to the Pimera Alta* to verify the claim. Although he did not locate the golden cities, his experience was to benefit the much larger, future expedition of Western North America led by Francisco Vásquez de Coronado. Diaz, a skillful organizer and leader in his own right, became involved in three expeditions associated with the explorations of Coronado. Portrait: US PD, pre-1923, Melchor Diaz.  {001}
see also:
References – DictionaryPimería Alta
Photo Gallery Index – People and Places PhotosQuitobaquito Spring
The Originals Index – Expeditions Spanish Expeditions



U.S. Marshal William Richardson shot by Charles Cora in California.  {001}


Ft. Buchanan is established on the Sonoita River in southern Arizona to manage lands acquired in the Gadsden Purchase.  {001}
Wk. 17, 04/25/1854 – The Gadsden Purchase


Davies County Courthouse in Gallatin, MO, is robbed. John Reno, arrested by the Pinkertons, is convicted and serves nearly 10 years in the Missouri State Penitentiary. The only brother in the Reno Gang who was not lynched.  {001}
The Originals Index – Outlaw Gangs Index – Reno Gang


The National Rifle Association was first chartered in the state of New York by William Conant Church and George Wood Wingate.  [001}


Judge Isaac Parker - Week 46: November 12th thru 18thJudge Isaac Charles Parker, age 58, died in Ft. Smith, AK. Parker presided over nearly 13,500 cases — 9,454 of which resulted in convictions. Of the 344 capital cases tried, the “Hanging Judge” sentenced 160 to death, but of these only 79 actually went to the gallows. Photo: U.S., PD pre-1896 Ft. Smith NHS.  {001}


Buckskin Frank Leslie’s curious pardon from the Yuma Territorial Prison in Yuma, AZ. Frank had killed his mistress Blond Mollie, and made an attempt to kill her supposed lover. He only served six years of a life sentence and was then paroled. Was this because he was able to call in powerful old chits relating to his help with the killing of John Ringo?    {001}
Wk. 28, 07/13/1882 – John Ringo


Mystery Airship: Sacramento, CA: A dark and rainy night, when suddenly a bright light appeared through the clouds. Moving slowly it appeared to be about a thousand feet above the rooftops of the city. Above the light, (or lights, some saw three), was a dark, oblong shape. Seen by hundreds of citizens, the “mysterious light”, “wandering apparition” or “airship” crossed slowly above the city and vanished. Over the next few weeks/months, it appeared again over Sacramento, San Francisco, then Hastings, NE, Invale, NE, Omaha, NE and Chicago, IL (and numerous others). It was never described as an “alien spacecraft or a UFO (the term didn’t exist yet), the name “airship” stuck. Most witnesses thought it was an airship, a very new concept in the times although there had been numerous sightings in previous years. The sightings continued and hoaxes added to the confusion, but incidents were mostly forgotten until 1947…  {001}
see also:
Just for Fun Pages – Strange Things in Old West Skies
all related articles
Had you thought that this business began in 1947?
Here too is the newspaper article for the 1878 incident,
granddaddy to the genre. – Doc


A relentless ten day pursuit across the state brings Sheriff Dwight Stephens‘ posse into a blazing shootout with John Greer‘s gang of outlaws at the V Cross T Ranch in southwestern NM Terr. One account has John Greer charging with the reins in his teeth and a death-spewing six-shooter in each hand. Whatever the truth, deputy A.L. Smithers and rancher Thomas H. Hall are killed. Greer is also dead by rifle fire from the sheriff, who is himself saved only by the timely arrival of deputies Johnnie James and W.C. “Bill” Simpson. Uninjured, John Gates and Reynard Greer slip away in the gathering dusk…  {001}


Bought and slaughtered for meat by A. Slilz, Inc., Black Diamond, age 22, was an American Bison bull and ex-resident of New York’s Central Park Zoo. Black Diamond steaks brought $2.00 a pound. He was reported to have been the model for the reverse of the Indian Head Nickel and the back of the 1910 series note (debated). His head was mounted (still exists) and his hide became an automobile robe. Another, more likely model for the nickel was Bronx, for many years, leader of the bison herd at the Bronx Zoo.
The Indian’s visage was rife with controversy, the coin’s designer, sculptor James Earle Fraser muddied the waters saying that he sought to make a type, not a portrait. Then, in 1938, he said the three Indians referenced had been “Two Moons, a Cheyenne“, Big Tree, a Kiowa and Iron Tail, a Sioux.” The other major claimant (although unlikely) was John Big Tree, a Seneca. Far too convoluted for Old West Daily Reader, look this one up for yourself. Photo: U.S. PD  {001}
The Originals Index – Resources and Hazards – Animals Index page – MammalsBison

11/18 of… 1865

The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County by Mark Twain, published in the New York Saturday Press.  {001}


The U.S. Naval Observatory adopts Standard Time as defined by the nation’s largest railroads, resulting in four times zones across the U.S. This led to a vast simplification of RR schedules across the country, enhancements in RR safety and improvements in weather forecasting.  {001}


George Taplan "Tap" Duncan - Week 46: November 12th thru 18thGeorge Taplan ‘Tap’ Duncan, age 75, cut down in the streets of Kingman, AZ, by a ’41 Ford. Cowboy, member of the Wild Bunch, cattleman, shooting legend. Some claimed it was Tap who was with George Kilpatrick and Kid Curry when they robbed eastbound D&RGW train #5 at Parachute, CO. Photo: U.S. PD  {001}
Wk. 24, 06/17/1904 – Parachute Train Robbery


Born in Tahequah, OK, Wilma Pearl Mankiller, Indian activist, Principal Chief of the Cherokee Nation.  {001}


barbed wire divider2 - Week 46: November 12th thru 18thEnd: Week 46, November 12th thru 18th.
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{001} C 11/21; E 09/19: F 06/11; P 04/21

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