Week 10: March

Week 10: March 5th thru 11th

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Names in bold will be found in Players; bolded Titles in References.

3/5 of… 1836

Charles Goodnight born in Macoupin County, IL. Texas rancher.  {001}


Frank Norris (Benjamin Franklin) born in Chicago, IL. American novelist.  {001}


The Patent Arms Manufacturing Company of Patterson, NJ, is chartered by Sam Colt and his investors. Numerous factors such as the Panic of 1837 (economic), reluctant markets because of the Panic, government law tangles that prevented government contracts for the military, reluctant financial backing for needed machinery to standardize parts and finally Colt’s own extravagance and money mis-management led to the failure of the company. They did turn out 1,450 revolving rifles and carbines, 462 revolving shotguns and 2,350 revolving pistols between 1836 and 1842. Colt was able to keep his patents when the business failed.  {001}
see also:
Wk. 08, 02/25/1836 – Colt Paterson


Casey Duane Tibbs born northwest of Fort Pierre, SD. “World All-Around Cowboy”.  {001}


Jay Silverheels (Harold J. Smith), age 67, died at Calabasas, CA. Son of a Mohawk chief, athlete, stunt man (1937), and movie actor: Broken Arrow (1950) with James Stewart, War Arrow (1953) with Maureen O’Hara, and John Crow in Santee (1973) starring Glenn Ford, among many others. Best known as sidekick, Tonto in The Lone Ranger TV series with Clayton Moore (1949-57 w/re-runs), and two movies. Horses: White Fella & Scout. Photo: Jay Silverheels and Scout.  A promo photo – Facebook. TYH!+4  {001}

see also:
Quotes Index – Movies & TV QuotesJay Silverheels

3/6 of… 1836

The Alamo circa early 1900s - Week 10Fall of The Alamo. The fight that gave Texans their rallying cry in the battle for independence from Mexico. Santa Anna sounds, “No Quarter,” and the garrison is slaughtered. At least that’s the legend. Letters from Mexican officers indicate otherwise. This is one of those “too big for Old West Daily Reader” issues. Look up this great story, decide for yourself! Photo: U.S. PD Robert Runyon.  {001}
see also:
Wk. 09, 03/03/1836 – Louis “Moses” Rose
References – DictionaryRunaway Scrape, The
Wk. 12, 03/19/1836 – Battle of Coleto Creek
Wk. 13, 03/27/1836 – Goliad Massacre
Wk. 16, 04/21/1836 – Battle of San Jacinto
References – DictionaryAlamo, The


David (Davy) Crockett, soldier, legislator, and folk hero, born in Greene County, Tennessee. An accomplished hunter and crack shot, and had a reputation for spinning tall tales. His bucolic frontier image resulted largely from politicin’. Off to Congress, he reportedly crowed, “I’m that same David Crockett, fresh from the backwoods, half-horse, half-alligator, a little touched with the snapping turtle; can wade the Mississippi, leap the Ohio, ride upon a streak of lightning, and slip without a scratch down a honey locust.” He began serving in the Tennessee legislature in 1821, and moved to the U.S. House of Representatives in 1827. He served three nonconsecutive terms in all. He lost in 1835 to peg-legged attorney, Andrew Huntsman, and departed government, saying, “Since you have chosen to elect a man with a timber toe to succeed me, you may all go to hell and I will go to Texas.” In 1836 he was killed during the “last stand” at the Alamo. Maybe? Those letters from Mexican officers noted in the above article indicate otherwise. Look it all up and see what you think! His myth was manifested in the pages of the Davy Crockett Almanack, a series of comical chapbooks circulated from 1835 to 1856.  {003}


The Dred Scott Decision (Dred Scott v. Sanford). The U.S. Supreme Court drives on towards civil war.  {001}


Spencer Rifle Patent stamp - Week 10Photo: U.S. PD? Patent date on Christopher Spencer‘s carbine.
see also:
Photo Gallery Index – Weapons Index – Firearms – Long GunsSpencer carbine
Wk. 33, 08/19/1863 – Christopher Spencer


California declares a holiday to allow demonstrations in support of the proposed Chinese Exclusion Act. After the Act passed in 1882, the state passed more discriminatory laws of its own.  {001}


The Southern Pacific RR offers a new $12.00 one -way fare from Missouri to California, but competition and a price war soon brought it down to just $1.00.  {001}


William Temple Hornaday - Week 10The passing of William Temple Hornaday at age 82 in Stamford, CT: author, conservationist, taxidermist, Zoologist. Taxidermist of the United States National Museum (1882-90). He helped establish the National Zoological Park (1889) and served a short stint as its first director. In 1896 he became the first director of the New York Zoological Park (today, Bronx Zoo). He was a pioneer in the wildlife conservation movement in the United States and along with Theodore Roosevelt, co-founder and first president of the American Bison Society (1905). He collected some 40 bison at the Bronx Zoo and provided the animals for the first wild buffalo herd at the Wichita National Forest and Game Preserve (1905). His 1913 book, Our Vanishing Wildlife: Its Extermination and Preservation galvanized the conservation movement. Mount Hornaday, in the Absaroka Range in Yellowstone National Park is named in his honor. This man’s story is too big to tell here, look him up!  TYH!+4  Photo: U.S. PD c. 1926  {001}


Georgia O'Keefe - Week 10 Georgia O’Keeffe was already a prominent artist by the time she began to interpret the American Southwest in 1929. Controversial, “prickly”, a back country loner, she painted the land she loved for the next fifty plus years. She died at age 98 in Santa Fe, NM. Look her up, peruse her work, and TYH!+4 while you’re doin’ it. Photo: Wikipedia, public domain. {001}

3/7 of… 1876

Alexander Graham Bell is granted a patent for the telephone. Wyatt will use one in TombstoneKid Curry will be sorry (for a short time) that it was ever invented.  {001}


Shackelford County, TX. Sheriff John Larn resigns to become a cattle inspector so that he and partner John Henry Selman can engage full time in the profitable side of their business endeavors: rustling cattle to fulfill their beef contract with the U.S. Army at Ft. Griffin—and murdering anyone who poses a problem. Fairly typical of those who played both sides, Larn does well for a while…  {001}


An attempt to stop an epidemic of hoof and mouth disease sees Kansas pass a law making it illegal to drive Texas cattle into the state from the first of March through the first of December.  {001}


Baby Doe Tabor - Week 10Died in poverty: Elizabeth McCourt “Baby Doe Tabor, age 80 or 81, in the tool shed of the Matchless Mine at Leadville, CO. Perhaps the most spectacular—at least, the best known—of the riches to rags stories of the great western mining boom. Wife of Horace A.W. “Haw” Tabor, heiress and final guardian of the fabulous, played-out mine she no longer owned. Douglas Moore‘s opera The Ballad of Baby Doe tells the tale. Photo: U.S. PD 1883, Webster, Oshkosh.  {001}

3/8 of…1857

 Abbie Gardner Sharp - Week 10Spirit Lake Massacre: (03/08 – 12) near Okoboji and Spirit lakes in the northwestern territory of Iowa near the Minnesota border… In revenge for the murder of his brother, Sidominadotah, and his family, by settler Henry Lott and suffering a shortage of food during a severe winter; renegade Chief Inkpaduta (Scarlet Point) led 14 Wahpekute Sioux (Santee) in an attack on scattered settlements along the frontier. 35 or 40 settlers were killed and four young women were taken captive. The youngest captive, Abbie Gardner, was ransomed in early summer. In later years she became a local celebrity. This was the last Indian attack on settlers in Iowa but it led to further trouble for the local Native American population. Photo: U.S. PD c. 1885 from her book – Abbie Gardner Sharp.  {001}
see also:
References – Books – Novels and History (non-ref)Abbie Gardner Sharp


Cedar City, UT, school teacher Olive Coombs gets herself shot for being “too interested” in the Mountain Meadows Massacre*. Shooter, George Wood is “pardoned”.  {001}
*Wk. 37, 09/11/1857 – Mountain Meadows Massacre


Doc Holliday indicted for “keeping a gaming table”. Twenty-five dollar fine and $1.75 court costs. Las Vegas, NM.  {001}


The second Transcontinental Railroad is completed not by the Northern Pacific, but by the joining of the Santa Fe and The Southern Pacific at Deming, NM.  {001}

3/9 of… 1804

In part due to winter conditions the news of the Louisiana Purchase+2 formalities in New Orleans+2 were slow to travel upriver. A second ceremony is held in St. Louis, MO; the two day event is remembered as Three Flags Day+2.


Amasa Leland Stanford – born in Watervliet, NY. He will become: a Railroad tycoon, an industrialist, a politician and the founder of Stanford University.  {001}
Wk. 05, 02/02/1863 – Leland Stanford


Warren Baxter Earp born in Pella, IA.  {001}


Born in Greenwich Village, NY: Edwin Fitzgerald “Eddie” Foy, Sr. Vaudeville and musical comedy star.  {001}


Cheyenne, WY, Charlie Harrison make a disparaging remark about an Irishman that evening in Shingle & Locke’s Saloon. Jim Leavy overheard and took umbrage and went for his gun, but Harrison protested that he wasn’t “heeled” (armed) and Levy backed off. Harrison, then left the establishment promising to return and offer Leavy his chance. He retrieved his pistol from his hotel room and met Leavy in the street in front of Frency’s Saloon.  Leavy’s experience was unknown but onlookers well knew Harrison’s local reputation as a deadly gunman and assumed he would win. The dueling gunmen drew their pistols at the same time. Seven shots were fired, one of Leavy’s rounds striking Harrison in the breast. Leavy rushed up and shot him again in the lower abdomen as he lay on the ground. Taken to a hotel and treated, Harrison died of his wounds a week later. Leavy was soon acquitted during a trial for murder.  {001}


LCW, Black Water Creek: returning to Lincoln, NM, after a running gun battle, the Regulators arrest and later kill Brady Deputies William Morton (guilty), and Frank Baker (innocent), for the shooting of Alexander Tunstall.  On the trail, Morton grabbed McCloskey’s pistol and killed him—then he and Baker made a break for freedom. Morton and Baker were shot once for each Regulator in the posse (led by Regulator chief Dick Brewer, who was also Tunstall’s foreman). Other Regulators: Billy the Kid, Henry Brown, Charlie Bowdre, Jim French, William McCloskey, John Middleton, Frank Mc Nab, Doc Scurlock, and Wayt Smith. Various versions exist… but for Morton, Baker and McCloskey the end result was the same.  {001}


Jesse Evans is badly wounded and Tom Hill is killed trying to rob a sheep drover near Tularosa, NM.  {001}


 Columbus NM 1916 - Week 10Mexican revolutionary Pancho Villa sends Generals Nicolás Fernández and Pablo López, with Colonels Francisco Beltrán and Candelario Cervantes, into the United States, leading some five hundred Mexican troops against Columbus, NM. Ten citizens are killed, part of the community burned, and the U.S. 13th Cavalry Regiment takes a number of casualties defending the city. The Mexicans immediately retreat back into Mexico, and the U.S. is outraged. Photo: U.S. PD 1916 W.H. Horne, Columbus after the raid.  {001}

3/10 of… 1776

Lieutenant Colonel Juan Bautista de Anza arrives at Monterrey with 242 settlers, a remarkable achievement, given that almost a hundred head of livestock died from the hardship on the way. Starting with 240 people, one woman died, but three babies were born along the way.  {003}


The second day of ceremonies and general revelry in St. Louis +2, celebrating news of the Louisiana Purchase+2 known as Three Flags Day+2.  {003}


Led by Col. José Maria Carrasco, four hundred Mexican troops from Sonora attack an Apache camp near Janos, while the men are in town trading. Among the dead in the massacre are Goyathlay’s mother, his beloved wife Alope, and their three young children. He will lose count of the Mexicans he kills over the next thirty+ years in revenge for this crime. Mexican soldiers calling on St. Jerome (Jeronimo) as he slew them in battle, are thought to be the origin of his name, Geronimo.  {001}
Quotes Index – Indian QuotesGeronimo himself, on this incident.


 Jack Slade - Week 10Lynched by Vigilantes in  Virginia City, MT, for “Disturbing the Peace“, Joseph Alfred “Jack” Slade {29}. Soldier, express superintendent, rancher, gunfighter, drunk. One for sure shooting and a lot of hooplah! Said to be one of the archetypes of the Western Gunfighter! His wife pickled him in alcohol in a tin coffin for transport, but Jack still went sour. Illustration: 1906 Kansas City Star.  {001}
The Originals Index – Gunfighter Statistics


Construction commenced on the Denver and Rio Grande RR.  {001}


Brothers Bill and James Bush have an altercation with one Mortimer Arbuckle over squatting on their property, and Jim shoots and kills the unarmed Arbuckle. Mart Duggan faces down an angry lynch mob, who were also considering burning down the Bush boys’ hotel, and spirits Jim Bush away to Denver for safekeeping. Leadville, CO.  {001}
Quotes Index – Gunfighter Quotes about Mart Duggan


Train Robbers Frank Taggert, George W. Cleveland, Kit Joy and Mitch Lee escaped from the Silver City, NM, jail closely followed by a posse. Cleveland and posse member Joe Lafferr were killed, and Mitch Lee seriously wounded in the gun battle which resulted in their recapture. Kit Joy escaped again, but Lee and Taggert were soon lynched by angry townsmen.  {001}


The Doolin Gang takes more than $6,000 from the Santa Fe RR Station at Woodward, OK Territory.  {001}
The Originals Index – Outlaw Gangs Index – Doolin Gang – Wild Bunch


Author and “redneck” conservationist M.H. “Dutch” Salmon died in Las Cruces, NM at age 73. Photo: U.S. PD? file photo. {001}
Just for Fun Pages – A Mule Speaks

3/11 of…1867

A pony express style mail route was established between Helena, MT Terr. and Minneapolis, MN.  {001}


Tularosa, NM: Mescalero Apache Indians take two thousand sheep, two women and kill eleven men in the process.  {001}


Billy Sutton and Gabriel Slaughter are shot down on the steamboat platform at Indianola, TX, by Jim and Bill Taylor; all are participants in the Sutton-Taylor feud.  {001}


The Socorro Committee of Safety (New Mexico vigilantes), exalt outlaw and killer Tom Gordon.  {001}


Ben Thompson - Week 10John King Fisher - Week 10 Uvalde Deputy Sheriff (John) King Fisher {09} (shot 13 times) and Ben Thompson {11} (shot 9 times). Killed by ambush in a box at the Variety Theater in San Antonio, TX. The shooters included: Jacob Coy, Joe FosterBilly Simms in the box with Fisher and Thompson and others firing from another box.  Coy was wounded and crippled for life, likely by friendly fire. Foster, shot himself in the leg drawing his gun; lost the leg and soon died. No legal action ever resulted from the attack. Photos: U.S. PD pre-1884 unknown; LH – King Fisher, RH – Ben Thompson.  {001}


Seattle, WA – a play about Death Valley Scotty opened to a standing-room only crowd, Walter Edward Perry Scott, himself, in the starring role. However, when the play was over, Scott was arrested on assorted charges for his fooling of investigators earlier in the year. In the end, all charges were dismissed on a technicality, but the trial had clearly revealed Scott as a fraud. {001}


Camp Funston Emergency Hospital 1918 - Week 10Fort Riley, KS. 107 sick soldiers become the first known U.S. cases of what would soon grow into the worst influenza pandemic in world history. The flu that year killed only 2.5 percent of its victims, but more than a fifth of the world’s entire population caught it. Estimates indicate that upwards of fifty million people died in just a few months, some 650,000 in the U.S. alone. Undertakers ran out of coffins, streetcars had to be used as hearses, and mass graves were necessitated, yet wartime censorship limited public knowledge of the danger of contagion, thereby increasing the toll. Photo: U.S. PD pre-1923 U.S. Gov – military influenza victims at Camp Funston, KS (1918).  {001 & 003}
The Originals Index – Critters of the West – DiseaseInfluenza
Quotes Index – Commentators QuotesHistory


Lou Rogers c. 1910 - Week 10Rogers Cartoon - 1912 - Week 10Canton, NY sees the passing of Lou Rogers (Annie Lucasta Rogers). Cartoonist, illustrator, writer, radio host and children’s author. A prominent figure in the “Woman’s Movement” from 1908 to about 1940. Although her activities and publications took place in the East, the movement she supported had a strong influence throughout the West. Her excellent cartoons appeared in the New York Call, a socialist daily (1908 – 1923), Judge Magazine, a humor magazine (1881 – 1947), The Modern Woman* a suffragette publication (c. 1912-14?), Woman’s Journal (1870 – 1931) and numerous others. This lady’s story is way too large for Old West Daily Reader. Look her up and see how it was done! TYH!+4 Photo: U.S. PD by unknown, c. 1910. Cartoon U.S. PD 1912, Lou Rogers from Modern Woman (10/19/1912)  {001}
see also:
*Quotes Index – Woman QuotesArtists and WritersCartoons Magazine
Quotes Index – Women Quotes Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Wk. 50, 12/10/1869 – Wyoming suffrage
Wk. 45, 11/07/1893 – Colorado suffrage

OWDR-barbed-wire-divider2End: Week 10, March 5th thru 11th
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{001} C 03/21; E 08/18; F 06/11; P 03/18

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