Native American Tribes

Use Cmd/Ctrl+F to search Native American Tribes
Working links are Red, other references, use Navigation Panel choices.
Names in bold will be found in Players; bolded Titles in References.

Native American Tribes

There is NO PAYWALL on this page.

Here is a partial list of Native American Tribes along with most of the references to them in The Old West Daily Reader.
Another of those complicated, involved sections which I work on periodically.
Always adding new material…

OWDR Clovis Points - Native American TribesLatest DNA based genetic research now indicates that all Western Hemisphere Native Americans are descended from a single gene pool with roots in Asia [the Mal’ta boy, Siberia of about 24,000 years ago]. (However, there is a current contention than some “mixing” took place, in transit, with people bearing genes indicating a southeast Asian origin. This is thought to have taken place before these Siberian peoples descended into North America.)
The only Clovis Culture grave ever found [Montana – 1968], dates at about 12,500 years old. It is that of a one year old boy, complete with red ocher on the body and a large selection of Clovis style bone and stone tools. The evidence set completes the perception that all Native Americans are descendants of the Clovis People. Canadian Native Americans appear not directly related to the baby, but to his family. Some 80% of all other Native Americans but mostly those now in Central and South America, prove to be directly related to the baby.
The recent find of a complete female skeleton (teenager) in a water-filled Yucatan cave has yielded radio carbon dates between 12 and 13,000 years ago, backed up by mitochondrial DNA from a wisdom tooth. That sample, also confirms the Siberian ancestry, noted above, on the mother’s side. Studies of  nuclear DNA to determine the paternal ancestry, have not yet been completed. Much more will come from this well-preserved, complete find.

The exact relationship of U.S. Native Americans is still unclear. The older Asian genetics are certainly overlaid with that of more recent arrivals (confirmed again in the Yucatan find) but the backtrail to Siberia is clear. The study continues, but it is most likely that U.S. Native Americans will prove to be more closely related to the Canadian group. (08/2015 – I will follow all of this and update. – Doc) Photo: © 1968, Samuel Stockton White, Clovis points from the Clovis Boy excavations.

The Navajo and their offshoots, the Apache, and their offshoots the Kiowa, are late comers of Athabaskan origin. They are thought to have arrived in the American Southwest from the north by about 1500, likely passing through Alberta and Wyoming. Archaeological finds, dating to around 1500 and considered to be proto-Navaho, have been located in northern New Mexico around the La Plata, Animas and Pine rivers. I have seen no article discussing their specific genetic relationship with other Native American Tribes, I suspect it is very similar, however, there is that 10,000+ years time differential. (see also: Apache, Kiowa and Navajo)

Beginning in the 1500’s, the horse, acquired from the Spanish, caused significant changes to the lifestyles of many Native American tribes. Dramatic as those changes were in the west, they didn’t hold a candle to the coming of the white man. Tribal territories, affiliations and lifestyles; everything changed dramatically over a period of about 150 years; some six or seven generations. The last two or three of those generations faced the full onslaught of the white culture. The time period we consider the Old West encompassed the final battles and the subjugation of the remaining free tribes; known as the Indian Wars (see: The Originals Index – Timelines -A-L Index – Indian Wars Timeline). Some tribes were decimated outright by disease or conflict. Others migrated either by choice or by force; often moving west because of tribes east of them, now armed with the white man’s weaponry, were themselves being displaced by the whites. The snapshots of the tribes presented are very limited and only intended to offer context for an approach to this incredibly complex story.

 Tribes of the Indian Nation Map - Native American Tribes

general information format used below:
Name [2nd name] {self name} (1st contact), territory; lifestyle

California Indians

Chumash

Hupa

Maidu

Miwok

Pomo

Wintun

Wiyot
(see: Wk. 09, 02/26/1860 – Wiyot Massacre)

Yahi – extinct
Ishi:
Wk. 35, 08/25/1911
Wk. 12, 03/25/1916
Wk. 51, 12/20/1978

Yokuts

Yorok

Great Basin Indians

Bannock
(see: Wk. 36, 09/09/1860)

Paiute
Northern Paiute – Mason Valley – A subsistence culture of foraging [ roots such as Cyperus esculentus] with the addition of fish, pine nuts and wild game.
Typhoid 1867 killed about 10%.
Origin Tribe of the Ghost Dance c. 1889 [Wovoka,[aka: Jack Wilson – Medicine Man]  {001}

Shoshone  Montana, Idaho, Utah, Nevada and California
Western Shoshone – Eastern California, central and eastern Nevada  and northwestern Utah. Foragers, hunter gatherers.
Northern Shoshone – Northern Utah and southeastern Idaho. Fishermen, gatherers > horse in 1600’s, became nomadic plains hunters; buffalo, etc.
– (Sacajawea, see: Wk 14, 04/07/1805)
Eastern Shoshone Northern Colorado, Montana and Western Wyoming. Hunter gatherers, > + horse, (1600’s) nomadic hunters of buffalo and pronghorn. >1750’s pushed S & SW by conflicts with the Arapaho, Blackfoot, Cheyenne, Crow and Lakota; some then became the Comanches of the southwest.
(see: Wk. 36, 09/09/1860)

Traditional Ute territory map - Native American TribesUte aka:  Nuche {high up or land of the sun}
First mention by Spanish chroniclers 1626, then by Fray Francisco de Escalante in 1776.
Ancestral Lands: centered in Colorado but also parts of New Mexico, Utah and Wyoming.
Traditionally nomadic hunter-gatherers, particularly in the western more desert-like part of their territory. The eastern mountainous areas provided more variety in plants and larger more plentiful game, if a colder climate.
The Spanish invasion into the Southwest from Mexico began c. 1530’s. Likely first contact with Europeans was late 1500’s  with horses being acquired late 1600’s via trade with Pueblo Indians to the south. First Treaty with the Spaniards 1670. As with most tribes, the mobility of the horse led to lifestyles similar to those of the plains Indians. They became very successful nomadic mountain buffalo hunter gatherers, raiders, slavers and traders. They raided Spanish settlements, warred occasionally with the Arapahoe and resisted any incursion into their lands by the whites. Including to some extent, the Mountain Men. The Mormon invasion of Utah beginning in 1847 led to major conflicts. The Walker War of 1853 and The Black Hawk War of the 1860’s (see: Wk 15, 04/10/1865). But it was to be mining and the theft of their lands that brought the oncoming white culture into the final conflict with the Ute (see: Quotes Index – Indian Quotes – Gov. F.W. Pitkin); that and an over zealous missionary (Wk. 39, 09/29/1879). All resulting in the Ute being forced onto reservations in Utah and Colorado by the Army 1879 & 1881.
Tribal Divisions:
Capote
Mouache [Southern Utes]
Tabeguache [Uncompahgre] (current census 2,790 [2015])
Winimunche (Weemunuchee) [Western]
Today:
The Ute have a very active Modern Tribal culture holding annual Bear Dances, Sun Dances and other gatherings.
Northern Ute Reservation – Fort Duchesne, UT: White River (2nd largest in U.S.)
Southern Ute Reservation – Ignacio, CO: Capote, Mouache & Tabeguache
Ute Mountain Reservation – Towaoc, CO: Winimuche
-Ute Mountain Tribal Park
{001 & 021}

Further Reference to Ute Indians:
Players – Timelines Index – Timelines M-Z Index – Ute Indians Timeline
Photo Gallery Index – Indian PhotosChief Ouray & Chipeta
Pine River Store; Sapiah (aka: “Buckskin Charley”)
Chief Ouray‘s Re-internment 1925)
Map: Ute Lands c. 1492 borrowed from the Ute Tribal Website (see: References – Websites)

Plains Indians

Arapaho camp - buffalo meat drying - Fort Dodge, KS - 1870 - Native American Tribes

Arapaho camp – Ft. Dodge, KS – 1870
drying buffalo meat

Arapaho [Inuna-ina] {our people} (1600’s), Minnesota & North Dakota > Montana > Wyoming and Colorado. Migratory hunters > + horse (1700’s), buffalo hunters, raiders.
Self divided in 1832 with some influence by William Bent*.
Northern Arapaho – Wyoming, North Platte River. Nomadic buffalo hunters, raiders.
Southern Arapaho – Colorado, Arkansas River. Nomadic Buffalo hunters, raiders.
Photo:
(see: Wk. 20, 05/19/1869)
(and: Wk. 34, 08/21/1849)

Blackfeet: an Algonquian people of the North American Great Plains.Eastern U.S. > North Dakota, Wyoming and Montana. Migratory plains hunter gatherers from the east until acquiring the horse in the 1700’s then, primarily buffalo hunters and Raiders. Raised tobacco. Notably defensive of territory
There are three major tribal divisions:
Blackfeet:  [Siksika] North Blackfoot {those with black-dyed mocasins}
Blood: [Kainai, Kainah] {blood} (middle)
Piegan: [Piikáni, Pigunni] {poorly dressed} (south)
Largest of three Blackfoot-speaking groups that made up the Blackfoot Confederacy.
Piegan peoples in Canada and the United States were forced to divide their traditional homelands in the nineteenth century according to the national borders .  They were forced to sign treaties with one of those two countries, settle in reservations on one side or the other of the border, and be enrolled in one of two government-like bodies sanctioned by these two North American nation-states. The two successor groups are the Blackfeet Nation a “federally-recognized tribe” in Montana, USA and the Piikani Nation, a recognized “Indian band” in Alberta, Canada.

Cheyenne [Tstchestahase] {beautiful people} (1680), Minnesota > Conflict migrations: North & South Dakota >Nebraska/Wyoming. Originally farmers/hunter gatherers > (+ horse 1700’s) nomadic buffalo hunters;
self divided around 1832:
Northern Cheyenne – Nebraska/Wyoming. Nomadic Buffalo hunters, raiders.
Southern Cheyenne – Kansas and Colorado. Nomadic Buffalo hunters, raiders.
– Influenced by William Bent to move near his trading fort on the Arkansas River in Colorado. {019}
(see: PLAYERS – Timelines – Timelines A-L – Cheyenne Indians Timeline)

Comanche [2nd name] {self name} (1st contact), territory; tribal occupation
(see: PLAYERS – Timelines – Timelines A-L – Comanche Indians Timeline)

Crow – The Absaalooke Nation {self name} (1st contact), Montana Territory; tribal occupation

Gros Ventre

Hidatsa

Ioway

Kaw

Kiowa [Kaigwu] {main people} The Kiowa are an Athabaskan people who split off from the Apache after the migration from Alaska in the late 1400’s or early 1500’s. Western Montana (1600’s) > (1700’s) eastern Wyoming, South Dakota > {expansion pressure} Nebraska – North Platte River > Kansas and northern Oklahoma. Nomad hunter gatherers, > + horse (1700’s) Nomadic Plains Hunters – buffalo; Raiders.
Arikara  [Arikaree] {horns} (1700’s?) North Dakota > + horse (1700’s) hunted west to Montana. Farmers, village seasonal buffalo hunters.
Further Reference for Kiowa:
Wk. 43, 10/24/1862 – Wichita Agency Massacre
Wk. 23, 06/08/1871 – Chief Satank
Wk 41, 10/11/1878 – Chief Satanta
Photo Gallery Index – Indian PhotosCatlin PaintingsGreat Chief Dohäson

Mandan (First Contact: 1738, French Fur Traders, the La Vérendrye family)

Missouria

Omaha

Traditional Osage Tribal Lands map - Late 17th Century - Native American Tribes

Osage Traditional Tribal Lands Late 17th Century

Osage
Map: U.S. P.D. 1012, MonsMonstrum
Osage Traditional Tribal Lands Late 17th Century
(see: The Originals – Battlefields and Massacres – Massacres by Indians
– Claremore Mound Massacre
(see: Wk. 43, 10/24/1862 – Wichita Agency Massacre)

 

 

 

Otoe

Pawnee  [2nd name] {self name} (1st contact), territory; tribal occupation
(My adoptive mother was a quarter Pawnee, her Grandfather, was the full blood. – Doc  {001})

Ponca  [2nd name] {self name} (1st contact), territory; tribal occupation

QuaPaw

Sarcee

Sioux [Dakota, Lakota, Nakota]  {allies} (early 1600’s), most of Minnesota and parts of Iowa, North and South Dakota and Wisconsin > Conflict migration: North and South Dakota, west as far as eastern Wyoming and Montana. Originally woodland hunter gatherers > + horse in 1600’s west: nomadic buffalo hunters/ 1700’s east: farmers, village based buffalo hunters.

Hidatsa  are enrolled in the federally recognized Three Affiliated Tribes of the Fort Berthold Reservation in North Dakota. Their language is related to that of the Crow, and they are sometimes considered a parent tribe to the modern Crow in Montana.
–   Santee [Dakota] (Eastern Sioux): Minnesota along the Minnesota River. Woodland fishermen, hunter gatherers.
–      Sisseton; Wahpeton; Wahpekute and Mdewakanton
–   Teton [Titonwan] [Lakota] (Western Sioux): western South Dakota (Black Hills) and eastern Wyoming and eastern Montana. Nomadic buffalo hunters.
–      Brulé [Sicangu]; Hunkpapa; Itazipco; Miniconjou; Oglala; Oohenonpa [Two Kettle]; Itazipco [Sans Arcs]; Sihasapa
(see: Players – Timelines Index – Timelines A-L Index – Indian Treaties Timeline & Indian Wars Timeline)
–   Yankton [Ihanktonwan] (Nakota): (Middle Sioux): southeastern South Dakota and southwestern Minnesota along the Missouri River. Woodland fishermen, hunter gatherers.
–      Yankton
–   Yanktonai [Nakota] (Middle Sioux) eastern North and South Dakota along the Missouri River. Woodland fishermen, hunter gatherers.
–      Yanktonai; Hunkpatina and…
–      Assiniboine {those who cook with stones} Northern Minnesota and southwestern Ontario broke away from other Sioux to Canada in the 1600’s, then to Montana and North Dakota. Nomadic buffalo hunters.

(see: PLAYERS – Timelines Master Index – Timelines A-L Index – Indian Treaties Timeline
(see also:  PLAYERS – Timelines Master Index – Timelines A-L Index – Indian Wars Timeline)
Note: A Sioux Indians Timeline is in process… Events (not in date order) are listed on:
PLAYERS – Timelines Master Index – Timelines M-Z Index – Timelines M-Z Index


Note: I have included more information on the Sioux than the other tribes for several reasons: First, I wanted to offer a small look at the complexity of infra-tribal relations, and the Sioux, were and are, a big, diverse tribe with a wide variety of territories and lifestyles; many of which were forced to change with the times. Second: They tend to be seen as the iconic Western Indian of the Plains Indian Wars; just as the Apache were an icon of their own in the southwest. Although the names of Sioux warriors and the names of their bands loom large in the history of the Plains Wars; truth is, not all the Sioux were involved in the wars, because contingents of the tribe were well east of the conflicts of those times. Many had nothing to do with Custer and they were not involved in the catastrophe at Wounded Knee. The Sioux, as a group, were large enough to have experienced the full spectrum of the white invasion for good or ill and so, mirror and example the fate of all. As other tribes, they still struggle with the government yet today. Third: Information is readily available about the Sioux, partly because of all of the above. [Tribal members or others with knowledge of the subject, please feel free to offer suggestions or corrections. I want the information here to be correct. – Doc]

Tonkawa
(see: Wk. 43, 10/24/1862 – Wichita Agency Massacre)

Wichita  [Kitikiti’sh] {racoon-eyed} (1541), parts of Kansas Oklahoma and Texas. Hunting, farming, annually migratory
(see: Wk. 43, 10/24/1862 – Wichita Agency Massacre)

Northeast Indians

Not too many references, as most inter actions were in the European settlement and “Revolutionary” times in the Eastern U.S. and precede ” The West” of our focus in Old West Daily Reader. However, these tribes are usually included in: The Originals – Battlefields and Massacres, as background and part of the complete story of Indian and European relation as they unfolded in the “New World”.

Abenaki

Algonkin

Chippewa [Ojibway]

Fox [Mesquaki]

Huron [Wyandot]

Illinois

Iroquois [Haudenosaunee] (6)

-Cayúga

-Mohawk

-Oneida

-Onondaga

-Seneca

-Tuscarora

Kickapoo

Lenni Lenape [Delaware]
Traditional territory included present day New Jersey, along the Delaware River watershed, western Long Island and the Lower Hudson Valley; forced west in the 1800’s and south into Indian Territory, OK in the 1860’s.
(see: Wk. 43, 10/24/1862 – Wichita Agency Massacre)

Mahican

Maliseet

Massachuset

Menominee

Miami

Micmac

Mohegan

Montauk

Narragansett

Nipmuc

Ottawa

Passamaquoddy

Pennacook

Pequot

Potawatomi

Tribal divisions: Mission, Prairie, and Woods c. 1861

Powhatan

Roanoke

Sac

Shawnee
(see: Wk. 43, 10/24/1862 – Wichita Agency Massacre)

Susquehannock

Wampanoag

Wappinger

Winnebago

Plateau Indins

Cayuse  [2nd name] {self name} (1st contact), territory; lifestyle

Coeur d’Alene

Duwamish
(see: Wk.22, 05/31/1896)

Flathead  [2nd name] {self name} (1st contact), territory; lifestyle

Kalispel

Klamath

Kootenai

Modoc [2nd name] {self name} (1st contact), territory; tribal occupation
(see: Modoc War, included in: Timelines Index – Timelines A-L Index – Indian Wars Timeline – find 1872, Wk. 48 …)
use Control +F ( find), search for: Modoc on linked pages)

Nez Perce [Nimiipu or Nee-mee-poo -The People] (First Contact: 09/20/1805 – Lewis & Clark in Idaho), Ancestral Lands: Central Idaho – southeastern Washington – northeastern Oregon centered on the Salmon and Snake rivers. Primarily nomadic hunter gatherers, fishermen and hunters.
(see, in this order: Wks. 0948, 32, 20
use Control +F ( find), search for: Nez Perce on linked pages)
Active modern tribe: Nez Perce Reservations at Lapwai, ID and Colville. Concerned with fishing rights, tribal history and preservation of the language.

Palouse

Umatilla

Spokan

Walla Walla

Yakama  {growing family} (1805), Washington territory?; Fishermen, hunter gatherers
(Yakama War – 1855-56 – no entry yet)

Southeast Indians

As with other Eastern Native Americans, there are not too many references here, as most inter actions were in the European settlement and “Revolutionary” times in the Eastern U.S. and precede ” The West” of our focus in Old West Daily Reader. However, among these tribes are the first to have their lands stolen and be forced west to the “Indian Lands”, and they are also usually included in: The Originals – Battlefields and Massacres, as background and part of the complete story of Indian and European relation as they unfolded in the “New World”.

Alabama {camp, make place to camp} (1540), Alabama. Farmers, hunter gatherers

Apalachee

Caddo

Calusa

Catawba

Cherokee [Ani-Yun’wiya] {principal people} (1540) Virginia, West Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee, Georgia, Alabama > British (1700’s), Americans (1800’s), south and then to Indian Territory in Oklahoma. Farmers, hunter gatherers, fishermen, reservation. These were the first victims of a mass re-location.
Further Information for Cherokee Indians:
Wk. 22, 05/28/1830 – Indian Removal Act
Wk. 11, 03/18/1831 – Cherokee Nation v. Georgia

Chickasaw
(see: Wk. 22, 05/28/1830 – Indian Removal Act)

Chitimacha

Choctaw
(see: Wk. 22, 05/28/1830 – Indian Removal Act)

Coushatta

Creek
(see: Wk. 22, 05/28/1830 – Indian Removal Act)

Lumbee

Natchez

Seminole  [2nd name] {self name} (1st contact), territory; lifestyle
(see: Wk. 22, 05/28/1830 – Indian Removal Act)
(and Wk. 43, 10/24/1862Wichita Agency Massacre)

Timuca

Tunica

Yamasee

Yazoo

Yuchi

 

Southwest Indians

Traditional Grand Canyon Indians Tribal Territory map - Native American Tribes

Map: U.S. PD 2007 by Nikater

 

Traditional Pima Territory c 1700 - Native American TribesAkimel O’odham [Pima] {river people} (1694 – Spanish)
southern Arizona, northern Sonora, Mexico
Farmers, hunter gatherers
On’k Akimel O’odham (On’k Akimel Au-Authm) – “Salt River People”
lived and farmed along the Salt River
Today: the Salt River Indian Reservation.
Photo of a PDF: U.S. PD 1996 by Barbara Trapido-Lurie – Pima Territory c. 1700
Tohono O’odham {desert people} (Sp. Papago)
Sonoran Desert in eastern Arizona and northwestern Mexico
Farmers, hunter gatherers
Today, the Tohono O’odham Nation (Tohono O’odham Indian Reservation) is located in southern Arizona, encompassing portions of Pima County, Pinal County, and Maricopa County.  {001}
Further reference for O’odham Indians:
The Originals – Resources and Hazards – Plants – Food PlantsBeans, Maize, Squash and The Three Sisters
Wk. 02, 01/12/1923 & Wk. 04, 01/24/1955 – Ira Hayes

Apache  [people], (1540) Migrating south from Alaska through Alberta and Wyoming, these Athabaskans had arrived in the American Southwest, sometime in the late 1400’s or early 1500’s. Splitting off from the Navaho, they soon divided into a dozen or more major sub groups throughout the American Southwest: (Arizona, New Mexico with some areas in Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas and northern Mexico > Florida reservation > Oklahoma reservation. Raiders, Nomadic hunter gatherers, some farmers > + horse in late 1600’s; some buffalo hunters. Sustained resistance to invasion by Mexicans and Americans from the late 1500’s until the final capture of Geronimo [Chiricahua – Bedonkohe Apache]. (see: Wk. 36, 09/04/1886)
– Chiricahua
(see: Wk. 36, 09/04/1886 & 09/08/1886)
– Kiowa – + horse in late 1600’s; Nomadic Buffalo Hunters, Raiders
–(became Plans Indians, see: Kiowa above)
– Lipan
– Mescalero
– Jicarilla – + horse in late 1600’s; Nomadic Buffalo Hunters, Raiders (became Plans Indians)

Caddo
(see: Wk. 43, 10/24/1862 – Wichita Agency Massacre)

Navajo [Dineh] {the people} (1500’s), Hunter gatherer raiders > farmers, herders, silversmiths, weavers. They are Athabaskans, who migrated south from Alaska via Alberta and Wyoming, arriving in the American Southwest sometime in the late 1400’s or early 1500’s. Archaeological finds, dating to around 1500 and considered to be proto-Navaho, have been located in northern New Mexico around the La Plata, Animas and Pine rivers. They settled in New Mexico and parts of southern Colorado and Utah > Arizona reservation.
(see: Wk. 38, 09/22/1861 – Fort Wingate Massacre)
(see also: The Originals Index – Landmarks and RegistersShiprock)

Long Walk map - Native American TribesLong Walk – The Long Walk of the Navajo,* (Navajo: Hwéeldi), Navaho Long Walk map locater - Native American Tribesaka, the Long Walk to Bosque Redondo. 53 forced marches occurred between August 1864 and the end of 1866. The U.S. government, via the army, forced the Navajo people to walk from their reservation in what is today’s Arizona to be relocated in Bosque Redondo, eastern New Mexico.  {001}
also in:
References – Dictionary

Havasupai

Hopi  [2nd name] {self name}, territory; Pueblo, farmers, Philosophers
European contact came with Coronado expedition explorer Don Pedro de Tovar, who encountered the Hopi about 1540 while searching for the legendary Seven Cities of Gold.

Hualapai

Mojave

Pubelo  [2nd name] {self name} (1st contact), territory; lifestyle

Yaqui

Yavapai
ranging from the Colorado River to the Tonto Basin
Divided into four subtribes:
Kewevkapaya (Southeastern)
Tolkapaya (Western)
Wipukpaya (Northeastern)
Yavepe (Northeastern)

Yuma [Quechan] {people of the river} (1540), western Arizona and southeastern California. Farmers, fishermen/hunters.

Zuni {the flesh} (1539), New Mexico. Pueblo farmers, hunter/fishermen, weavers, silversmiths.

 

Further insight into the Indians of the time may be found in:
PLAYERS – Timelines Index – Timelines A-L Index – Indian Treaties Timeline and Indian Wars Timeline
see also: Quotes Index – Indian Quotes and Photo Gallery Index – Indian Photos
The Originals Index – Horses
and References – Dictionary
Modern references:
Wk. 38, 09/21/2004 – National Museum of the American Indian
Wk. 33, 08/15/1977 – American Indian Institute

As always with Old West Daily Reader, this is a light touch on a vast and complex subject. Hopefully, Native American Tribes has enough information to start and/or enrich your own explorations into the amazing world of the First Americans. – Doc

Any mistakes or errors in this entire section are solely mine.
Please feel free to offer suggestions or corrections.
I want the information here to be accurate.
  email me.
Contact – Doc B.

OWDR-barbed-wire-divider2 - Native American TribesEnd: Native American Tribes

{001}
[Back to top]