Week 01: January

Week 1: January 1st thru 7th

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Names in bold will be found in Players; bolded Titles in References.

1/1 of … 1850

John Barclay Armstrong born in McMinnville, TN. Lawman.  {001}

1857

Railroad engineer Theodore Judah published in Washington DC,  “A practical plan for building The Pacific Railroad”, in which he outlined the general plan and argued for the need to do a detailed instrumental survey of a specific selected route for the railroad, not a general reconnaissance, of several possible routes, such as had been done in the Pacific Railroad Surveys. In the Fall of 1860, after finding a practical trans-Sierra route from Sacramento over Donner Pass into the Great Basin of Nevada, he located sufficient investors to incorporate the Central Pacific Railroad (June 1861). Then, Judah was sent  to Washington DC (Oct. 1861) to lobby for the Pacific Railway bill to aid in the construction of the first transcontinental railroad along his trans-Sierra route.  {001}
see:
The Originals Index – ExpeditionsPacific Railroad Surveys
Wk. 44, 11/02/1863 – Theodore D. Judah
Wk. 25, 06/21/1893 – Amasa Leland Stanford

1863

Daniel Freeman: physician, county coroner, sheriff and plaintiff in a landmark separation of church and state case before the Nebraska Supreme Court. Freeman became the first applicant for land under the Homestead Act. St. Louis, Mo.  (How did that land office open at midnight?)  {001}

1863

President Lincoln signs The Emancipation Proclamation:
—it only freed slaves in the ten states then in rebellion
—-estimates run as high as three million.
—”freedmen” are not granted citizenship
—it does not outlaw slavery
—it does not compensate ex-slave owners for their “lost” property”  {001}

1865

Near today’s St. Francis, KS along Cherry Creek, a meeting took place; Cheyenne Dog Soldiers, likely including Roman Nose; Northern Arapaho and two bands of Lakota Sioux: Brulé under Spotted Tail and Oglala led by Pawnee Killer. The Indians numbered about 1,000 warriors. The mission was to move the large group of combined tribes to the Powder River Country in Wyoming Territory and, along the way, extract revenge for the massacre at Sand Creek, and the next target would be Julesburg, CO on the South Platte River…  {001}

1868

Wagon makers H. & C. Studebaker (founded in 1852) were showing sales of nearly $300,000 per annum and net assets over $220,000. The company would soon incorporate and be in a strong position to provide wagons for the oncoming western expansion. Studebaker made a quarter of all the wagons that went west; there were many occasions where more than half the wagons in a train were Studebakers. They also produced wagons for farm, freight or delivery, and a large variety of carriages.  {001}
see:
Photo Gallery – Transportation PhotosStudebaker 1902 ad

1875

Doc Holliday shoots it out with Charles “Champagne” Austin in Dallas, TX. Both missed, both arrested. Typical old time, tongue-in-cheek, short article in the Dallas Weekly Herald 01/02/1875 stated, “Dr. Holliday and Mr. Austin, a saloon keeper, relieved the monotony of the noise of firecrackers by taking a couple of shots at each other yesterday afternoon. The cheerful note of the six-shooter is heard once again among us.”  {001}

1880

Born out of wedlock in Washington, MA, Elmer McCurdy. It became an issue and he took to drink and crime over it.  {001}

1889

Ghost Dance of the Sioux - woodcut 1891 - Week 1Northern Paiute Medicine Man Wovoka (aka: Jack Wilson) had a prophetic vision during an eclipse of the sun. He combined principles of both Christianity and Shamanism into the concept of the Ghost Dance (new and revised).* When the people performed the dance, life as before the white man would be restored, complete with the return of their ancestors and the buffalo. Then, peace would come with the whites. As the Ghost Dance spread to numerous other Native American Tribes, it caused great fear and consternation among the army and government authorities. Variations began to appear, perhaps to include local issues and beliefs. Lakota shamans added “bulletproof” Ghost Dance shirts, made of deerskin or ordinary cloth. Warriors at the Wounded Knee Massacre** 1890 soon discovered they were not quite as billed.  Woodcut U.S. PD 1891 – Ghost Dance of the Sioux.  {001}
See also:
*References – Dictionary Wodziwob
**Wk. 52, 12/29/1890 – Wounded Knee Massacre

1891

Charles Bickford born in Cambridge, MA. Movie and TV star.  {001}

1950

Beginning in 1948, and benefiting from the success of well over ten years of popular movies, a half hour western adventure radio program was syndicated via electrical transcription. Offering the same character created by writer Clarence E. Mulford, starring William Boyd as Hopalong Cassidy and with Andy Clyde‘s character, California Carlson as sidekick, the show was a success. It was picked up by the Mutual Network on this date and later moved to CBS Radio (Oct ’50).  {001}

1/2 of … 1858

Hardyville, AZ Territory-to-be: The steamboat “General Jessup” arrives after working its way up the Colorado River. The old timers took a run at a number of the big western rivers with steamboats (little ones, not big ones).  {001}
see:
Photo Gallery – Transportation PhotosSteamboats

1878

A U.S. Army paymaster’s ambulance is held up near Maricopa Wells, AZ, by road agents. They get three mules and $250.00.  {001}

1974

Tex Ritter - Week 1“Tex Ritter” Woodward Maurice Ritter, age 68, died in Nashville, TN: country music star. Played in a dozen “B” Westerns and 40 “singing cowboy” movies in the 1930’s and early 1940’s: Trouble in Texas (1937) and Rainbow over the Range (1940) among others. The Texas Rangers series 1942-45 (22 films) with sidekick Guy Wilkerson as “Panhandle Perkins.”  (Photo: U.S. PD 1966 Capitol Records)  {001}
see also:
The Pretenders Index – Movies

1/3 of … 1787

Born: William Sherley “Old Bill” Williams, on Horse Creek in Rutherford County, NC. Mountain man, fur trapper, guide, preacher, scout and guide for John C. Fremont’s ill-fated 1848 Rail Route Expedition.   {001}
see:
Photo Gallery Index – Memorials Monuments and Sculpture
“Old Bill” Williams

1877

A Deputy U.S. Marshall in Cheyenne, WY, heard a drunken “Broken Nose” Jack McCall bragging how he had lied to a jury in Deadwood, SD, and got away with murder. He was arrested and sent to Yankton, SD, for another try at it and this time the verdict for the murder of “Wild Bill” Hickok in Saloon No. 10 at Deadwood read, “Hang by the neck until you are dead.”  {001}
see:
Wk. 31, 08/02/1876 – Wild Bill
Wk. 09, 03/01/1877 – Jack McCall

1881

Dave Rudabaugh, New Mexico gunman (LCW) and sheriff sentenced to life in prison at Santa Fe, NM Territory, for his habit of robbing stagecoaches and getting identified.  {001}

1888

First light for the 36 in (91 cm) refracting telescope at the Lick Observatory near San Jose, California; largest in the world at the time.  {001}

1894

Doolin Gang members Charley Pierce and “Red Buck” Waightman take the post office and store at Clarkson, OK Territory.  {001}
see:
The Originals Index – Outlaw Gangs Index – Doolin Gang – Wild Bunch

1914

The search for Rafael Lopez, the largest manhunt ever in the state of Utah was called off, the day after finding the Minnie Silver Mine empty. The incident remains the deadliest shootout in the history of law enforcement in Utah. The Utah Lopez vanished and the case remained open and unsolved for the next ninety years.
The Killer Lopez became an outlaw/revolutionary (with Villa) in Mexico. Numerous train robberies, a lucrative smuggling business, various crimes and some 30 murders were laid to his account. He was said to have been killed by legendary Texas Ranger Captain Frank Hamer, in an ambush/gunfight on the Mexican border, in October of 1921. Finally resolved for Utah in 2003, only one Lopez. {001}

1929

Sergio Leone born in Rome, Lazio, Italy. Film director.  {001}

1931

Susan Ellen Hummer McSween Baker - Week 1LCW: Susan Ellen Hummer McSween Baker [widow of Alexander McSween] age 89, died in White Oaks, NM. Following unsuccessful attempts to secure justice for the murder of her husband after The Lincoln County War, she inherited his property as well as that of John Tunstall and Dick Brewer. She entered what was to be a short marriage with a man named George Barber in 1880, then purchased and ran a very successful ranch near Three Rivers, NM, becoming a noted “Cattle Queen”. Selling the ranch to Albert Fall in 1902 she moved to White Oaks where she spent the rest of her life. Photo: U.S. PD  {001}

1/4 of … 1861

Charles Schreyvogle born in New York City. Western artist: painter.  {001}

1847

1847 Walker Colt Revolver - Week 1Captain Samuel Walker of the Texas Rangers ordered 1,000 revolvers from Samuel Colt, who at the time had no factory. He hired Eli Whitney Blake to make the guns according to an improved design from a collaboration with Walker. The new revolvers would hold 6-shots instead of 5, Samuel Hamilton Walker c 1846 - Week 1have enough power to kill either a man or a horse with a single shot (.44 cal. BP) and be quicker to reload. This led to an order for 1,000 more pistols and Colt parlayed his profits ($10 per pistol on both orders) into the Colt’s Patent FireArms Manufacturing Company in Hartford, CT.  Orders poured in…  LH Photo: U.S. PD c. 1846 unknown, Samuel Walker. RH Photo: U.S. PD 2009, modern Uberti Reproduction of a Walker Colt.  {001}

 1864

Stinkingwater Valley near Nevada City, Montana Territory: Vigilantes introduce Plummer Gang secretary G.W.Brown and Erastus “Red” Yeager to the ways of Judge Lynch.  {001}

1896

Utah Seal - Week 1Utah admitted to the Union as the 45th state: “The Beehive State”  {001}

1931

Art Acord: Champion Bulldogger of the World - Week 1Ciudad Chihuahua, Mexico, sees the passing of Art Acord, at age 40. Real cowboy, rodeo champion, wild west show performer in Dick Stanley’s Congress of Rough Riders (1909); early western movie stuntman and unbilled actor (1909); “World Champion Steer Bulldogger” at the 1913 Pendelton Roundup and a pioneer western movie star, starting with the Parvin Series of eight: 3 reel westerns with Acord as Buck Parvin (1915). Other films and studios followed, then a number of serials for Universal: “The Moon Riders” (1919), “The White Horseman” (1921), “In the Days of Buffalo Bill” (1922) and “The Oregon Trail” (1923).  He then made numerous “B oaters” as they were then called, for various studios: “Call of Courage,” “Ridin’ Rascals” and others (1924). Other notables were “Lazy Lightning” (1926) and his final film, “Spurs and Saddles” (1927), both with Fay Wray - Week 1King Kong’s Fay Wray.  Easily among the finest of those who brought cowboy skills and excellent horsemanship to the silver screen, but a life-long addiction to alcohol and drugs always complicated his career. Said to have died of potassium cyanide poisoning: was it suicide or murder? A complicated fellow, look him up. Horses: Raven, BuddyTYH!  Photos: Fay Wray, Art Acord; U.S. PD  {001 & 003}
see also:
The Pretenders Index – Movies

1/5 of … 1891

William Joseph Cody, Jr., “Bill Cody” born in St. Paul, MN. Movie star.  {001}

1874

Ben Kilpatrick, “The Tall Texan,” born in Coleman County, TX. Outlaw, bank and train robber with The Wild Bunch.  {001}

1896

Charles E. "Charlie" Bassett - Week 1Dead at 48 years while taking the waters at Hot Springs, AK, for “inflammatory rheumatism”, old time Dodge City, KS, lawman, Charles E.Charlie” Bassett. Photo: U.S. PD, pre-1896.  {001}
see:
The Originals Index – Resources and Hazards – Disease

1903

Lone Wolf v. Hitchcock, heard before the U.S. Supreme Court held that, “Indian Tribes are wards of the nation, owe no allegiance to the nation, nor are they protected by the bill of rights; but they are due protection. Furthermore, Congress holds full authority over tribal relations and may unilaterally abrogate any treaty obligation with Native Americans.” A definite trend away from previous autonomy granted the tribes.  {001}

1904

George Francis Train - Week 1George Francis Train, age 74, died in New York, NY. Author, businessman, entrepreneur, world traveler, eccentric. Among his many schemes, Train organized the clipper ship line that sailed around Cape Horn and brought miners to the California gold fields (1848); he promoted the Union Pacific Railroad and was the founder of the notorious Credit Mobilier of America, supplier to the Union Pacific and ultimately the biggest scandal of the railroad construction era (1872). Train’s 1870 around-the-world trip (he did three, the last in 67 days, in 1890) was probably the inspiration for Jules Verne‘s novel Around the World in Eighty Days (1873) and certainly Nellie Bly‘s trip in 1890. Photo: U.S. PD, Mathew Brady.  {001}
see:
Wk. 4, 1/25, 1890 – Nellie Bly

1906

Phineas Faye "Finn" Clanton - Week 1- January 1st thru 7thPhineas Faye “Finn” Clanton died of a fall from a runaway wagon near Black Warrior, Arizona Territory. The one who wasn’t there. Photo: U.S. PD pre-1906.  {001}
see also:
Wk. 43, 10/26/1881 – OK Corral

1914

A wanted poster, issued on this date by William G. Johnson, Sheriff of Fremont County, WY, seeks one William R. Dickson for Horse stealing. Only a $50.00 reward is offered. Maybe it wasn’t much of a horse?  {001}

1954

Death Valley Scotty - Week 1Wild West Show performer, prospector and con man, Death Valley Scotty, Walter Edward Perry Scott, made famous by his many scams involving gold mining and the iconic mansion, popularly known as Scotty’s Castle, died at age 81 years, at the castle in Death Valley, CA. Photo: U.S. PD – Death Valley Scotty.  {001}
see also:
The Originals – Lost Treasures of the Old West – HoaxesDeath Valley Scotty

1/6 of … 1799

Jedediah Smith born in Jericho, NY. Mountain man, trailblazer.  {001}

1842

Born in Newport, RI, Clarence King: author, explorer, geologist and mountaineer.  {001}

1850

Henry Andrew “Heck” Thomas born at Oxford, GA. Lawman.  {001}
see:
PLAYERS – Timelines Index – Timelines M-Z – Three Guardsmen Timeline

1869

A posse led by schoolteacher Thomas Orr tracks notorious killer and bandit Cullen Baker into southeastern Arkansas. They locate Baker and another outlaw at lunch beside the road. Guns do the talking and both bad men are immediately killed. Baker, age 33, was carrying a shotgun, four revolvers, three derringers and six pocket knives. Sounds good, but the killing was at the Foster home and it wasn’t as described here! Tom Orr was having an affair with Baker’s wife and that’s most likely why Baker was shot on sight that day.*  {001}
see:
*Look this complicated tale up and decide for yourself!
I believe the slave’s testimony is probably closest to the truth. – Doc

1880

Thomas Hezikial Mix (Tom Mix) born in Mix Run, PA. He was to become the most famous movie star of the silent film Westerns. Most of his 336 films are lost.  {001}

1882

(T) The Tombstone-Bisbee Stage was attacked by bandits. Wells-Fargo guard Charles A. Bartholomew and driver W.S. Watts gave the road agents a five mile chase and shoot-out before fearful passengers convinced them to surrender the strong box to the outlaws. Wyatt Earp, in pursuit, later claimed the miscreants were Frank Stillwell, Ike Clanton, Pony Deal (Dehil), Pete Spence and Curly Bill Brocius. All escaped! The Cowboys win another round.  {001}

1912

New Mexico Seal - Week 1New Mexico admitted to the Union as the 47th state: “Land of Enchantment” New Mexico Seal U.S. PD.  {001}

1916

Steamboat Captain Grant Marsh - Week 1Captain Grant Marsh died in “near poverty” in Bismarck, ND. He started as a cabin boy at the age of 12. When he died at 82 after 60+ years on the rivers, he was a riverboat pilot, captain and owner. His piloting exploits became legendary and various modern historians refer to him as: “the greatest steamboat master and pilot on both the Missouri and Yellowstone Rivers” – “possibly the finest riverboat pilot who ever lived.”
1866 As her new captain, (age of 34), he brought the steamboat Louella Fort Benton staying until September. On the season’s last downriver trip, he embarked a group of miners carrying $1,250,000 in gold. This was the most valuable shipment ever carried on the Missouri River.
On June 21, the steamboat Far West was moored on the Yellowstone at the mouth of Rosebud Creek and was the site of the fateful meeting of officers after which Custer and the 7th Cavalry was dispatched south up the Rosebud seeking the Indian encampment.  {001} TYH!

1919

Theodore Roosevelt - Week 1Theodore Roosevelt, age 60, died in Oyster Bay, NY: soldier, (Medal of Honor [2001] for action in 1898); author; 26th President of the United States; a serious and competent hunter of western big game and a real cowboy in his own right; a friend of Deadwood, SD, Sheriff Seth Bullock (1885); founder of our National Forests. Among his many books (18): The Wilderness Hunter (1893), Ranch Life and the Hunting Trail, illustrated by Fredrick Remington (1888); The Winning of the West, (1889-1896) [dedicated to Francis Parkman]. Horses: Manitou & Wyoming. (Photo: U.S. PD 1915 LOC)  {001}

1959

Victor Fleming, circa 1933. Courtesy Photofest. - Week 1Victor “Vic” Fleming, age 59, died in Cottonwood, AZ.  Cinematographer, film director and producer of numerous silent westerns: Call of the Canyon (1923, based on a Zane Grey novel) and the talkie, The Virginian (1929). Mentor to Henry Hathaway. (Photo: U.S. PD 1940, John Doe)  {001}

1/7 of … 1830

Albert Bierstadt born in Soligen, Germany. Painter.  {001}

1859

Prospector George A. Jackson makes the first significant strike of placer gold in The Pike’s Peak Gold Rush at the junction of Chicago Creek and Clear Creek in what would become Idaho Springs, CO. Over 100,000 would-be miners, some of whom had passed through Colorado on their way to California in the late 1840’s, joined the frenzy. The short-lived boom led to formation of the Colorado Territory in 1861. (Conflict: alt. source says Jan 5)  {001}

1865

Battle of Julesburg (Colorado Territory): As planned, about 1,000 Cheyenne+2, Arapaho+2, and Lakota+2 Indians attacked the community of Julesburg. Most of the civilian residents and travelers (about 50) made it to Fort Rankin about a mile from town. However, the Indians were able to lure U.S. army Captain Nicholas J. O’Brien most of his command of about 60 soldiers out of the fort heading for an ambush. Had the trap not been prematurely sprung by overzealous young warriors, they would have been killed to a man. As it was, they lost fourteen men in the mad dash back to the fort. Unopposed, save for several ineffective artillery rounds, the Indians looted the stage station, store, and warehouse in town, and over the next few weeks, they would plunder ranches and stagecoach stations up and down the South Platte River valley. Fourteen soldiers and four civilians were killed in the battle. The soldiers claimed they had killed about 60 Indians, Cheyenne warrior George Bent said no Indians were killed or wounded in the raid.  {001}

1868

The official report to the President of the United States from the Indian Peace Commission concludes, in part, that the Indian Wars were completely preventable had the United States government and its representatives acted with legal and moral honesty in dealing with the Indians.  {001}

1874

Clay Allison and John “Chunk” Colbert shoot it out over dinner at the Clifton House. Chunk eats lead (Colfax County, NM). Neither one liked how the horse race came out. Clay said he didn’t want to send a man to hell on an empty stomach.  {001}

1880

Alamosa, CO: Uncompaghre Ute delegation including Chief Ouray and his wife Chipeta, is attacked and nearly lynched while attempting to board a train for Washington, D.C. Locals assumed they had been part of the Meeker Massacre carried out by White River Utes.  {001}
see:
Wk. 34, 08/24/1880 – Chief Ouray
Wk. 12, 03/25/1925 – Chipeta
Wk. 39, 09/29/1879 – Meeker Massacre

1940

Melody Ranch - Week 1Doublemint Gum sponsors the Double M Ranch radio show on CBS Radio (67 stations, nationwide). It soon morphs into Gene Autry‘s Melody Ranch. The theme song was “Back in the Saddle Again” and the 30 minutes shows always featured a 10 or 15 minute fully dramatized story of some recent adventure for the young/old listeners, maybe some comedy banter with Pat Buttram and usually an old cowboy song by Gene. A little talk and some more western music and there it was. Photo: U.S. PD Melody Ranch cast – early studio promo shot.  {001}

barbed wire divider - Week 1End: Week 1, January 1st thru 7th.

{001} C 09/21; E 01/19: F 06/11; P 09/21

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