Week 01: January

Week 1: January 1st thru 7th

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1/1 of … 1850

John Barclay Armstrong born in McMinnville, TN. Lawman.  {001}


Railroad engineer Theodore Judah published in Washington DC,  “A practical plan for building The Pacific Railroad”, in which he outlined the general plan and argued for the need to do a detailed instrumental survey of a specific selected route for the railroad, not a general reconnaissance, of several possible routes, such as had been done in the Pacific Railroad Surveys. In the Fall of 1860, after finding a practical trans-Sierra route from Sacramento over Donner Pass into the Great Basin of Nevada, he located sufficient investors to incorporate the Central Pacific Railroad (June 1861). Then, Judah was sent  to Washington DC (Oct. 1861) to lobby for the Pacific Railway bill to aid in the construction of the first transcontinental railroad along his trans-Sierra route.  {001}
The Originals Index – ExpeditionsPacific Railroad Surveys
Wk. 44, 11/02/1863 – Theodore D. Judah
Wk. 25, 06/21/1893 – Amasa Leland Stanford


Daniel Freeman: physician, county coroner, sheriff and plaintiff in a landmark separation of church and state case before the Nebraska Supreme Court. Freeman became the first applicant for land under the Homestead Act. St. Louis, Mo.  (How did that land office open at midnight?)  {001}


President Lincoln signs The Emancipation Proclamation:
—it only freed slaves in the ten states then in rebellion
—-estimates run as high as three million.
—”freedmen” are not granted citizenship
—it does not outlaw slavery
—it does not compensate ex-slave owners for their “lost” property”  {001}


Near today’s St. Francis, KS along Cherry Creek, a meeting took place; Cheyenne Dog Soldiers, likely including Roman Nose; Northern Arapaho and two bands of Lakota Sioux: Brulé under Spotted Tail and Oglala led by Pawnee Killer. The Indians numbered about 1,000 warriors. The mission was to move the large group of combined tribes to the Powder River Country in Wyoming Territory and, along the way, extract revenge for the massacre at Sand Creek, and the next target would be Julesburg, CO on the South Platte River…  {001}


Wagon makers H. & C. Studebaker (founded in 1852) were showing sales of nearly $300,000 per annum and net assets over $220,000. The company would soon incorporate and be in a strong position to provide wagons for the oncoming western expansion. Studebaker made a quarter of all the wagons that went west; there were many occasions where more than half the wagons in a train were Studebakers. They also produced wagons for farm, freight or delivery, and a large variety of carriages.  {001}
Photo Gallery – Transportation PhotosStudebaker 1902 ad


Doc Holliday shoots it out with Charles “Champagne” Austin in Dallas, TX. Both missed, both arrested. Typical old time, tongue-in-cheek, short article in the Dallas Weekly Herald 01/02/1875 stated, “Dr. Holliday and Mr. Austin, a saloon keeper, relieved the monotony of the noise of firecrackers by taking a couple of shots at each other yesterday afternoon. The cheerful note of the six-shooter is heard once again among us.”  {001}


Born out of wedlock in Washington, MA, Elmer McCurdy. It became an issue and he took to drink and crime over it.  {001}


Ghost Dance of the Sioux - woodcut 1891 - Week 1Northern Paiute Medicine Man Wovoka (aka: Jack Wilson) had a prophetic vision during an eclipse of the sun. He combined principles of both Christianity and Shamanism into the concept of the Ghost Dance (new and revised).* When the people performed the dance, life as before the white man would be restored, complete with the return of their ancestors and the buffalo. Then, peace would come with the whites. As the Ghost Dance spread to numerous other Native American Tribes, it caused great fear and consternation among the army and government authorities. Variations began to appear, perhaps to include local issues and beliefs. Lakota shamans added “bulletproof” Ghost Dance shirts, made of deerskin or ordinary cloth. Warriors at the Wounded Knee Massacre** 1890 soon discovered they were not quite as billed.  Woodcut U.S. PD 1891 – Ghost Dance of the Sioux.  {001}
See also:
*References – Dictionary Wodziwob
**Wk. 52, 12/29/1890 – Wounded Knee Massacre


Charles Bickford born in Cambridge, MA. Movie and TV star.  {001}


Beginning in 1948, and benefiting from the success of well over ten years of popular movies, a half hour western adventure radio program was syndicated via electrical transcription. Offering the same character created by writer Clarence E. Mulford, starring William Boyd as Hopalong Cassidy and with Andy Clyde‘s character, California Carlson as sidekick, the show was a success. It was picked up by the Mutual Network on this date and later moved to CBS Radio (Oct ’50).  {001}

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