Week 03: January

Week 3: January 15th thru 21st

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Names in bold will be found in Players; bolded Titles in References.

1/15 of1844

Thomas Coleman “Cole” Younger born at Lee’s Summit, MO. Outlaw.  {001}


James “Jim” Younger born at Lee’s Summit, MO. Outlaw. Here (with Cole, above) are two of the four. By the late 1860′s, the newspapers would know them all.   {001}


Stockton, CA, stage robber Cherokee Bob killed by Dan Gay and Charles P. O’Neil.  {001}


Raid on Godfrey Ranch: a large band of Cheyenne and Lakota warriors attacked an isolated ranch in Colorado owned by Holon Godfrey. Partly in retaliation for the Sand Creek Massacre,* partly to gather resources for further attacks on the whites. One of the numerous January attacks during the Colorado War. Due to the Massacre at American Ranch,** Godfrey was warned. Together with his family and employees, they fortified his ranch. Over 130 warriors, surrounded and attacked the ranch at night. Due to adequate preparation, dealing with flaming arrows and ignoring the theft of their horses from the corral, the ranchers inside managed to hold off the attack. With the morning and the approach of reinforcements, the frustrated Indians vanished. The ranchers had no casualties, the Indians lost 17 dead. This raid, and others in the area, were what led to fortifying the ranch to become “Fort Wicked“. {001}
*Wk. 48, 11/29/1864 – Sand Creek Massacre
**Wk. 02, 01/14/1865 – Massacre at American Ranch
The Originals Index – Western Forts and Trading Posts – Fort Wicked


Betty Pellet born in CT. Movie actress.  {001}


Died Horace Smith, age 84 in Springfield, MA: businessman, gunsmith, inventor. Partner in several firearms firms, notably: Volcanic Repeating Arms (1855), largely financed by Oliver Winchester and the second Smith & Wesson company (1857) which became a successful firearms manufacturer with business worldwide. Smith sold out to Wesson and retired in 1874 at age 65.   {001}
see also:
Wk. 50, 12/11/1880 – Oliver Winchester
Wk. 31, 08/04/1906 – Daniel B. Wesson


Eureka Springs, AK. All by himself, Bill Tilghman arrests the notorious leader of the Doolin Gang, outlaw Bill Doolin. Bill was likely taking the waters for the rheumatism in his shot up left foot.  {001}
The Originals Index – Outlaw Gangs Index – Doolin Gang – Wild Bunch


William Jesse "Bill" McDonald - Week 3One of the “Four Great Captains“, Texas Ranger Captain William Jesse “Bill” McDonald dead of pneumonia at age 65 in Wichita Falls, TX. Storekeeper, deputy sheriff, deputy U.S. Marshal, Special Ranger, Texas Ranger Captain (1891-1907), U.S. Marshal (c.1910). Texas Ranger Hall of Fame. “The man who would charge Hell with a bucket of water!” TYH! Photo: U.S. PD pre-1918 unknown.  {001}


Broncho Charlie Miller, age unknown, died in Glen Falls, NY. A notorious story teller who made outlandish claims about his western activities. He alleged to have been the last of the Pony Express riders. If he was, he would have had to have been at least 104 years old, even assuming he lied about his age and rode at twelve years old.  {001}

1/16 of1878

Harry Carey (Henry DeWitt Carey II) born in the Bronx, NY. Movie actor.  {001}


Passage of the Eighteenth Amendment prohibiting alcohol in the U.S. set the stage for a run of crime and violence in the country rivaling anything the Old West could offer. The eighteenth was repealed by the Twenty-First Amendment in 1933.  {001}


Bonanza Stars - Week 3The Bonanza played out. After 431 episodes over fourteen seasons, the second-longest running TV western comes to the end of the prime time trail. But it’s still out there…  Photos: U.S. PD Studio Promo shots, i960’s.  {001}
Bonanza map - Week 3see also:
The Pretenders – TV Shows

1/17 of1851

A.B. Frost (Arthur Burdett) born in Philadelphia, PA. Noted American illustrator & painter, graphic artist and comic writer.  {001}


Maria-Gertrudis-"Tules" Barceló - Week 3Thought to have been born c. 1800 in Sonora, MX, died in Santa Fe, NM, Maria Gertrudis Barceló, aka: “La Tules,” famous/notorious master gambler and saloon owner in Santa FeTerritory of New Mexico, at the time of the U.S. – Mexican War. Her elaborate funeral was attended by most of the city, in spite of criticism by some that it was financed by “ill-gotten gains and “too fancy” for such a woman.  Photo: U.S. PD pre-1923 – New Mexico Office of the State Historian.  {001}


 Mountain Man James (Capen) “Grizzly” Adams loses his favorite bear, Benjamin Franklin, to an unknown malady. San Francisco, CA.  {001}


Mangas Coloradas - Week 3Near Fort McLane, NM: tortured and murdered by soldiers while under a flag of truce (“…while trying to escape…”), Eastern Chiricahua Apache Indian leader Mangas Coloradas. His boiled skull (later lost) was sent to New York phrenologist Orson Squire Fowler. Photo: U.S. PD, Arizona Historical Society.  {001}
Quotes Index – Indian QuotesJoseph Rodman West


The Modoc War: the U.S. Army attempts an attack on fog-shrouded Captain Jack’s Stronghold at Tule Lake, CA. Thirty-five killed, five officers and twenty enlisted wounded. No one ever even saw an Indian.  {001}


Josie Bassett: born in Arkansas, died 1963. Rancher, maybe rustler, bootlegger. She and sister “Queen Ann” Bassett had numerous and lengthy relationships with a number of famous outlaws, notably members of the Wild Bunch.  {001}
Quotes Index – Women Quotes – from Josie


Johnny Ringo allegedly backs down Wyatt Earp and/or Doc Holliday before the whole town. His challenge: “to see who stays and who leaves town,” by shooting it out in public on Allen street. Ringo was drunk and Wyatt’s political position at the time would have been compromised had he or Doc accepted Johnny’s generous offer. Tombstone, AZ (heavily debated!).  {001}


Constance Whitney Warren born in New York City, NY. Sculptor.  {001}


Graham, TX. A mob attacks the jail with intent to lynch the interned Marlow brothers Alfred, Charles, George and Llewellyn for the killing of Sheriff Marion Dekalb Wallace—a crime that brother Boone had actually committed . The brothers successfully fight them off.  {001}
PLAYERS – Timelines – Timelines M-Z – Marlow Brothers Timeline

1/18 of… 1812

The first overland expedition to the Pacific Northwest by employees of the Pacific Fur Trading (including partner Donald Mackenzie) reached Fort Astoria (OR). Traveling west from St. Louis, MO, the original party had divided in southern Idaho after experiencing problems. McKenzie’s group of twelve turned north at this point and found the Salmon and Clearwater Rivers, then proceeded down the lower Snake River by canoe to join the Columbia River which brought them to the fort. There, Mackenzie would learn the fate of the Tonquin.  {001}
see also:
1/20/1851 – Donald Mackenzie (below)
Timelines – Timelines M-Z – Trading Ship Tonquin Timeline (coming soon)


Joseph F. Glidden, born in Charlestown, NH. Inventor of barbed wire.  {001}


Fifteen members of the Donner Party attempt a mid-winter crossing of Donner Pass seeking help for the remaining snow-bound immigrants. After severe hardships and having cannibalized their dead, only seven (two men, five women) reach California alive. Eventually, four rescue missions will start back for the rest of the stranded survivors.  {001}


The steamboat General Jessup arrives in Yuma, AZ via the Colorado River.  {001}
see also:
Photo Gallery Index – Transportation Photos Steamboats


Wm. B. “Bat” Masterson appointed Deputy U.S. Marshal to serve under U.S. Marshal Benjamin F. Simpson. Dodge City, KS.  {001}

1/19 of… 1865

In a slow response to the Battle of Julesburg, General Robert B. Mitchell with 640 cavalry, a battery of howitzers and 200 supply wagons marched southwest from Cottonwood Springs (near today’s North Platte, NE) to find and punish the Indians responsible. He located their old camp on Cherry Creek, but the Indians were already on the move. Facing bitterly cold weather and with more than 50 soldiers incapacitated by frostbite, Mitchell gave up the chase and returned to Cantonment McKean, NE. The only action was a small band of Indians who rode through camp one night, firing into the soldier’s tents.  {001}


1877Colt Lightning - Week 3The last patent date on the left side of the frame of a .38 cal. 1877 Colt “Lightning” Revolver.  The first commercially successful “self cocker” (double action) pistol. Small, lightweight and fast, but a bit delicate internally. It had a big brother, the “Thunderer” in  .41 cal. The “nickel plated shooter” that Doc Holliday used at the OK Corral was a Lightning. Photo: Doc Boyle; my “Doc” performance Lightning #24024 (1882)  {001}
see also:
Photo Gallery Index – Weapons Photos Handguns


Ranald S. Mackenzie - Week 3Bad Hand” General Ranald S. Mackenzie, age 48, died in Staten Island, NY: Civil War hero (wounded six times). First Colonel of the 41st Infantry RegimentBuffalo Soldiers“.* He led troops in several important battles** in the Indian Wars (wounded again).
This fellow had some strange habits and the military had to keep close watch when he went to town.  {001}
*Wk. 30, 07/28/1866 – Buffalo Soldiers)
**Wk. 39, 09/28/1872 – Battle of the North Fork
**Wk. 39, 09/28/1874 – The Battle of Palo Duro Canyon
**Wk. 47, 11/25/1876 – The Dull Knife Fight


Deputy U.S. Marshall Ed Johnson attempts to move the four Marlow brothers in custody (Alfred, Charles, George and Llewellyn) and two other prisoners (Wm. D. Burkhart and Louis Clift) to Weatherford, TX, to protect them from another lynching attempt. (see: 01/17/1889, above) Chained together, the prisoners should have been easy prey for the mob which attacked the caravan outside of Graham, TX (in league with the mob, the attending deputies ran off). Somehow the prisoners obtained weapons and fought. Alfred and Llewellyn were killed, George was shot and Charles badly wounded but using Burkhart as a hostage they escaped. Three of the attackers were wounded and three killed. The two surviving Marlows later surrendered to Deputy U.S. Marshall W.F. Morton and were taken to Dallas, TX, for protection and trial.  {001}
PLAYERS – Timelines Index – Timelines M-Z – Marlow Brothers Timeline
Quotes Index – Gunfighter Quotes, Judge McCormick


The Last Massacre” took place in California when “Shoshone Mike” Daggett‘s small band of off-reservation Shoshone and Paiute Indians killed and mutilated four Surprise Valley deputies sent to arrest them for rustling. The miscreants fled and a combined posse of civilians along with state police from California and Nevada soon followed…  {001}


“Old Rip”: a horned toad who had been confined in the cornerstone of the England, TX, County Court House for 31 years, froze to death in the living room of E.E. Wood, the man who had placed him in the cornerstone and who took him out. Certainly a hoax, but a fun one.  {001}
The Originals – Resources and Hazards – Animals
Reptiles and Amphibians Horned Lizards

1/20 of…1847

Taos area Indians and Mexicans attacked Simeon Turley‘s flour mill and distillery near Taos, NM. Turley and many of his men died in the fight. Long time employee Charles Autobee was on his way to Santa Fe by mule train and Tom Tobin escaped the carnage at the mill.  {001}


Donald Mackenzie - Week 3Donald Mackenzie was a bold and brave explorer and one of the earliest founders of the American fur trade. He was first employed by Peter Ogden‘s Northwest Company. In 1810 he quit to become a partner in John Jacob Astor‘s Pacific Fur Company. He then returned to the Northwest, exploring and trading for a few years.* Mackenzie was eventually appointed Governor of the Red River Colony (Canada) in 1821. Upon retiring in 1834, he took residence in Mayville, NY, at times serving as an adviser to members of the fledgling U.S. government. He died in Mayville at age 72. Portrait U.S. PD c. 1840’s  {001}
see also:
*01/18/1812 – expedition (above)
The Originals – ExpeditionsThe Fur Trade


Madame Julia Bulette - Week 3Popular Madame and honorary member of the Virginia Engine Company #1, “Angel to Miners, Friend of Firemen, Administrator to the Needy“: Julia Bulette is brutally strangled during a robbery.  Parlor car #8 on the Virginia & Truckee RR was named after her and a monument erected in Virginia City in 1963. Photo: U.S. PD  {001}


Dallas County Sheriff C.W. NicholsDeputy John McMahan, along with a man named Russell, attempt to arrest John Younger for a shooting incident in Dallas, TX. John’s companion Thompson McDaniels wounded the sheriff and John killed the deputy. Russell’s brother appeared on the scene, giving John a minor wound on the arm with a shotgun.  {001}


Hall J Kelly - Week 3Hall J. Kelly died in Portland, OR at age 83. An American writer known for his strong advocacy for settlement of the Oregon Country by the United States in the 1820’s and 1830s. He actually reached Oregon but was sent packing by the Hudson’s Bay Company. He made several other attempts at colonization of the Northwest. His writings were known to have sparked the interest of Benjamin Bonneville in the Oregon Country.  Photo: U.S. PD  {001}
see also:
The Originals – ExpeditionsBonneville Expedition


Texas Governor Richard B. Hubbard is authorized by the Legislature to offer $4000 for the capture of the outlaw and killer, John Wesley “Wes” Hardin.  {001}


Huddie “Lead Belly” Ledbetter born on the Jeter Plantation in Mooringsport, LA. Musician. (date debated; 20, 21, or 29)  {001}


Jesse Jackson, “Bitter Creek” George Newcomb and Henry Starr are jumped by lawmen Rufe Cannon and Ike Rogers. Newcomb and Starr shoot their way to freedom but Jackson is wounded and taken—near Bartlesville, OK.  {001}


George Gustav Heye, 1917 - Week 3German immigrant George Gustav Heye, born 1874, passes in New York City at age 82 or 83. Electrical engineer, RR construction superintendent, investment banker and super collector of Native American artifacts, accumulating the largest private collection of Native American objects in the world. It would become the core of artifacts and exhibits of the National Museum of the American Indian. Photo: U.S. PD 1917, unknown  {001}
Wk.38, 09/21/2004 – National Museum of the American Indian


Gilbert M. "Broncho Billy" Anderson (Max Aronson) - Week 3Gilbert M. “Broncho Billy” Anderson (Max Aronson), age 90, died in Woodland Hills, LA, CA.  Silent film star, writer, director and producer, he starred in the very first western film, The Great Train Robbery (1903) playing three roles. 148 other silent westerns made him the first ever cowboy star. He made a cameo appearance in The Bounty Killer (1965). Photo: U.S. PD 1913, George G. Fraser Studio  {001}
see also:
The Pretenders – Movies

1/21 of… 1813

John C. Fremont (John C. Fremon) born in Savannah, GA. Soldier, explorer, governor, presidential candidate.  {001}


Alfred G. “Alferd” Packer born in Allegheny County, PA.  The Colorado Cannibal.  {001}


John Moses Browning born in Ogden, UT. Firearms designer.  {001}


John "Liver Eating" Johnston - Week 3The Old Soldiers’ Home at Santa Monica, CA, marks the passing of one of the more colorful of the old time scouts, John “Liver Eating” Johnston (Johnson: neither his true name). Mebbe he was a prospector, soldier, lawman, whiskey peddler, sailor and much more—hard to say for sure what’s true about this old timer, no doubt a legend in his own mind as well as in his times. But he didn’t make it all up and he lived through it.  Look him up. Photo: J.H. Fouch U.S. PD  {001 & 017}
Wk. 51, 12/21/1972 – Jeremiah Johnson, a movie
Photo Gallery Index – Pushin’ Up Daisies

barbed wire divider - Week 3End: Week 3, January 15th thru 21st.
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(001} C 11/21; E 01/19: F 06/11; P 05/18

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