Week 48: November/December

Week 48: November 26 thru December 2nd

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Use Cmd/Ctrl+F to search Week 48: November 26th to December 2nd.
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Names in bold will be found in Players; bolded Titles in References.

11/26… 1853

William Barclay “Bat” Masterson born in Henriville, Montérégie, Quebec, Canada East. Lawman, gunfighter, sports writer.   {001}

1864

First Battle of Adobe Walls, (Hutchinson County) TX. Col. Christopher “Kit” Carson, in command of the First Cavalry, New Mexico Volunteers, leads a punitive expedition against Indian winter encampments in retaliation for raids on wagon trains along the Santa Fe Trail. After attacking a Kiowa village, the troopers press on to the site of Bent’s old fort at Adobe Walls. Perhaps only saved by the presence of Lt. George Pettis’s mountain howitzers, the expedition of fewer than 500 men beats a successful retreat after determining that they face a combined force of 3000 to  7000 Comanche and Kiowa warriors led by Dohäsan, Stumbling Bear and Satana.  {001}

1879

Born in Patten, ME, is Annie Lucasta “Lou” Rogers. Cartoonist, illustrator, writer, radio host and children’s author.  {001}

1926

John Moses Browning - Week 48: November 26th to December 2ndJohn Moses Browning, age 71, died in Liège, Belgium. Designer and manufacturer of numerous firearms and cartridges (128 patents), he is best known for his advancement of automatic firearms. In addition to his own company, some of Browning’s designs were manufactured by Colt, Remington, Savage and Winchester, among others. TYH! Photo U.S. PD    {001}

1965

Wild Bill Elliot & Bobby Blake - Week 48: November 26th to December 2ndWild Bill Elliot/Gordon A. Nance, the “Red Ryder” dead at age 61 in Las Vegas, NV. First, with Columbia PicturesThe Great Adventures of Wild Bill Hickok (1938) a Serial [Horse: Dice], The Law Comes to Texas (1939); then at Republic Pictures for Calling Wild Bill Elliot (1943) with Gabby Hayes, and sixteen Red Ryder films with Bobby Blake as Little Beaver: Cheyenne Wildcat (1944), Sun Valley Cyclone (1946), [Horse: Thunder]. Elliot had a radio show for a short time in the 1940’s. His fortunes faded with the demise of the “B” Western in the 1950’s but he had made a lot of films. Photo: U.S. PD c. 1945 studio promo with Bobby Blake.  {001}

1987

J. K. Ralston - Week 48: November 26th to December 2ndJames Kenneth “J.K.” Ralston, age 91, died in Billings, MT.  A painter of cowboys, Indians and the west itself, Ralston was a westerner and a real cowboy. Forced out of ranching and into art by the Great Depression in the 1930’s, his talents made him successful.  See his work today at the Buffalo Bill Historical Center, Little Bighorn  Battlefield National Monument and other locations. U.S. ©? c. 2012 Fair Use  {001}

11/27 of… 1879

Virgil Earp+3 appointed deputy marshal of Prescott, AZ.  {001}

1887

Frank Dalton - Week 48: November 26th to December 2ndDeputy Marshals James Cole and Frank Dalton attempt to serve a warrant on horse thief Dave Smith in the Cherokee Nation in Indian Territory (OK). In the ensuing gunfight, Dalton is killed by Smith and another horse thief named William Towerly. Though wounded himself, Cole kills his attackers: Smith, Lee Dixon and his wife. Towerly escapes but is killed by lawmen soon after. Photo: U.S. PD pre-1887 Frank Dalton, Officer Down Memorial Page.  {001}

1868

Chief Black Kettle - Week 48: November 26th to December 2ndAlong with 103 women and children, Southern Cheyenne +2 Chief Black Kettle, age approximately 65, died at the hands of Lt. Col. George Armstrong Custer’s 7th Cavalry at the Battle of Washita River (the Washita Massacre) near Cheyenne, OK. Black Kettle had survived the Sand Creek Massacre in 1864. He attempted to promote peace on numerous occasions — always betrayed by the whites. As with much of this sort of thing, his actions and the legitimacy of his fate are subjects of considerable debate. Major Joel Elliot and seventeen troopers were massacred near the Washita River scene (abandoned by Custer?). In the group of 53 prisoners taken was Monahseetah, who later bore an illegitimate child alleged to be George Custer’s, or was it Tom’s? Not the only time the Custers was accused of such. Photo: U.S. PD pre-1868 unknown, Black Kettle.  {001}
see:
11/29/1864 – below – Sand Creek

1901

Clement Studebaker - Week 48: November 26th to December 2ndClement Studebaker, dead at 70 years in South Bend, ID. In partnership with brother Henry, Clement opened the H & C Studebaker blacksmith shop in 1852, working mostly on wagons. In 1857 they secured a contract with the the Milburn Wagon Company to build wagons for the U.S. Army. This carried the growing company through the American Civil War. In 1870, Clement and three other brothers created the Studebaker Brothers Manufacturing Company. It became the largest wagon manufacturer in the world and the only maker of horse-drawn vehicles to successfully switch to the manufacture of automobiles (1913). Photo: U.S. PD pre-1901, unknown. {001}

11/28 of…1881

Tombstone, AZ. Seamstress Addie Borlund, with Albert Billickie, R.F. Coleman, J.B. W. Gardiner, Martha King, C.H. Light, Judge J.H. Lucas and H.F. Sills are called before Justice of the Peace Wells Spicer to testify at the hearing for Wyatt+2, Morgan+2 and Virgil+3 Earp and Doc Holliday+2 over the deaths of Billy Clanton and Frank and Tom McLaury at the Gunfight at the OK Corral*. Little light will be shed.**  {001}
see:
*Wk. 43, 10/26/1881 – OK Corral
**11/30/1881 – below
Quotes Index – OK Corral Quotes

1891

JCW: Orley E. “Ranger” Jones, age 23, likely killed by Frank M. Cannon and Fred Hesse near Buffalo, WY. No arrests, no trial.  {001}

1925

Grand Ole Opry - Week 48: November 26th to December 2ndFirst broadcast of the Grand Ole Opry on WSM-AM radio, Nashville, TN. Still going strong and long ago on TV. Anybody who’s anybody in country/western music has been or wants to be on this show. Today, this modernized old show is available on Sirius satellite radio.  TYH! Photo: U.S. PD Opry promo shot in the Hillsboro Theater (1934).  {001}

1942

Well known western movie star Buck Jones (Charles Gebhart) is badly burned in the Coconut Grove Nightclub fire in Boston, MA.  {001}

11/29 of… 1847

Narcissa Whitman - Week 48: November 26th to December 2ndMarcus Whitman - Week 48: November 26th to December 2ndThe Whitman Massacre. The Cayuse and Nez Perce Indians had long been uneasy with the Whitman mission. Then when a measles epidemic led the natives to believe that Dr. Marcus Whitman saved whites while allowing Indians to die, they attacked the mission (led by Chief Tiloukaikt). Taking numerous hostages, they killed Dr. Whitman, his wife Narcissa, and a dozen others in and near the mission at Waiilatpu on the Oregon Trail. This event was the beginning of the seven year Cayuse War. Not the first or the last time religious fervor would cause Indian trouble.  Photos: U.S. PD; Narcissa & Marcus Whitman  {001}

1864

Sand Creek Memorial - 1985 - Week 48: November 26th to December 2ndThe Sand Creek Massacre +3 (aka: Chivington’s Massacre, the Battle of Sand Creek). U.S. Army Lt. Col. John Chivington led about eight hundred men of the First Colorado Cavalry, the Third Colorado Cavalry and the First New Mexico Volunteers in a drunken, brutal massacre of mostly women, children, and the elderly in the Cheyenne camp of Chief Black Kettle. The Indians, Sand Creek Massacre depiction by Howling Wolf - Week 48: November 26th to December 2ndwho thought they were under the protection of the U.S. Government, even displayed a white flag and a Union Jack to try and stop the attack. “Peace Chief” White Antelope was killed. Much to his credit, Captain Silas Soule ordered his men to hold fire and not participate in the carnage. (Captain Soule and several others who testified against the brutality of the attack were later murdered*.) Although territorial governor John Evans was eventually forced to resign, no charges were ever brought against the perpetrators of the massacre, or the murderers of witnesses**. Photo: U.S. PD 1985 Carptrash; Illustration U.S. PD 1875 by Howling Wolf, an eyewitness to the massacre.  {001}
see:
*Wk. 17, 04/23/1865 – Captain Silas Stillman Soule
11/27/1868 – above

1864

Northern Cheyenne, White Buffalo Woman+2 escaped the slaughter at Sand Creek+3. With a bullet wound in her shoulder and carrying her infant son, Henry Red Neck. She hid under the high banks of the frozen creek throughout the day listening to cannon, pistol, and rifle fire and the footsteps of nearby soldiers, terrified that her baby would cry out.  {003}

1872

The first serious incident in the Modoc War, the Battle of Lost River was set off by the army’s attempt to force the Modoc onto a reservation at Klamath, OR.  {001}

1880

LCW: Billy the Kid+3 and Billy Wilson+2 fight a running gun battle with a posse. Their horses are shot from under them but they escape on foot. Near White Oaks, NM.  {001}

1882

Lawrence, KS, sees the birth of one of the most unusual outlaws of the Old West — Anna Emmaline McDoulet, who will become known known as Cattle Annie.  {001}
see:
The Originals Index – Outlaw Gangs Index – Doolin Gang -Wild Bunch

1892

WB: the Sundance Kid (Harry A. Longabaugh ), Harry Bass and Bill Madden take $63.80 in a robbery of Great Northern train #23 at Malta, Montana (their first try).  {001}

1892

Oliver "Ol" Yantis - Week 48: November 26th to December 2ndOliver “Ol” Yantis, Dalton & Doolin Gang member, died at his sister’s home in a gunfight with Sheriff Chalk Beeson (Ford County, KS), U.S. Deputy Marshals Thomas Hueston, Heck Thomas and Chris Madsen. Near Mulhall, OK. Photo U.S. PD pre-1892, unknown.  {001}
see:
The Originals Index – Outlaw Gangs Index – Doolin Gang – Wild Bunch

1895

Enos Edward Canutt, aka Yakima Canutt, is born in Colfax, WA. Stuntman, movie actor.  {001}

1913

The police and the posse pursuing Rafael “Red” Lopez discover he is hiding in the Minnie Silver Mine outside of Bingham, UT. Now, equipped with a Model 1894 30-30 Winchester, pilfered from the home of friend Mike Stefano. The police have armed guards at the mine entrances. The posse, has Deputy James Douglas Hulsey and Deputy Thomas Manderich attempt to push an ore car full of burning hay into the mine to smoke Lopez out. He killed both. Starving him into submission failed when sympathetic miners left food in the tunnels. Pumping in toxic fumes and smoke failed as well. Lopez eventually escaped the mine into Bingham Canyon and vanished…  {001}

1950

The “discoverer” of Ollie L. Robertsclaim to be Billy the Kid+3, probate investigator/author William V. Morrison, with the help of El Paso attorney Ted Andress, had prepared documents to attempt to secure the pardon for Billy the Kid that had first been offered by Governor Lew Wallace in 1879. When they arrived at the scheduled meeting with New Mexico Governor Thomas J. Mabry, it had been turned into a media circus without their knowledge. The stressful situation apparently caused Roberts to have a minor stroke and he could not answer most questions; finally collapsing and withdrawing from the meeting. Governor Mabry refused the pardon citing that he did not believe that Roberts was Billy the Kid.  {001}

11/30 of…1803

Although secretly owned by France since 1800 (Third Treaty of San Ildefonso*) Louisiana remained nominally under Spanish control until a transfer of power to France on this date. In just three weeks France will formally cede the Louisiana Territory to the United States.  {003}
see also:
*Wk. 40, 10/01/1800 – Third Treaty of San Ildefonso

1810

Oliver Winchester born in Boston, MA. Business man, industrialist/arms maker, politician.  {001}

1835

Florida, MO, sees the birth of Samuel Langhorne Clements. He grew up in Hannibal, MO, and eventually became known as Mark Twain.

1856

One hundred-twenty-six days on the trail since leaving Iowa City, IA, the devastated survivors of the Fifth Hand Cart Company (Martin) are brought into Salt Lake City, UT, by wagon train (104 wagons). They have lost 145 of the 576 who departed Florence, NE, on August 27. More than weather and starvation — and aside from the incredibly bad judgment of officials who let it happen — both of the late starting expeditions found their march complicated by bad cart design, lack of proper lubricants, and expected but missing replacement stores. The Mormon Church will not allow it to happen again!  {001}
see also:
PLAYERSHHand Carts
Photo Gallery Index – Transportation Photos
Mormon Hand Carts

1864

After a cold and fearful night under the creek bank, wounded White Buffalo Woman begins walking up Sand Creek+3 while carrying her infant son. Some miles away from her massacred camp she comes upon a bivouac of Arapahoe, who help her back to the relative safety of the main Cheyenne encampment. (Recounted by Ann Strange Owl-Rabin [great-great-granddaughter of White Buffalo Woman]).  {003}

1880

LCW: Billy the Kid+3, Billy Wilson+2 and Dave Rudabaugh+2 brazenly ride into White Oaks, NM, after a shootout with a pursuing posse the day before. They take a shot at Deputy Sheriff James Redman, but a large group of armed citizens scare them out of town.  {001}

1881

Morgan+2, Wyatt+2, and Virgil Earp+3 along with Doc Holliday+2, are cleared of a charges relating to the Gunfight at OK Corral +2* before Justice Wells Spicer+2. Spicer does admonish Virgil on his “injudicious act” of allowing Doc Holliday to accompany the sworn lawmen on that day.**  {001}
see:
*Wk. 43, 10/26/1881 – OK Corral
**11/28/1881 – above
Quotes Index – OK Corral Quotes

1884

Elfego Baca Memorial - Week 48: November 26th to December 2ndThe Frisco Shootout: nineteen-year-old Elfego Baca (b. 1865) “arrests” drunken cowboy McCarty for making the Mexicans “dance” to pistol fire in the streets of middle San Francisco Plaza, NM. This leads to a thirty-three hour shootout involving some eighty cowboys who send an estimated four thousand bullets into the small building where Baca took refuge. Weathering the shots, a midnight dynamite attack, and the collapse of the building upon him, the courageous and feisty Baca killed four of his opponents, wounded others, and survived the ordeal. He was acquitted of the killings in two murder trials. TYH to this feisty vaquero! Photo: U.S. PD 2013 Peter Potrow (Today, in Reserve, NM)  {001}

1897

The Jennings Gang (a variable cast) never were particularly adept outlaws. This day, brother Al got himself shot by lawmen, although he did get away. Captured after about a week in McIntosh, County, OK, and consigned to the slow mill of justice, he was finally sentenced to life in prison in 1899. Attorney brother John got it down to five years, kept after it and had him out by 1902. Al would later star as the bandit leader in a one-reel silent film, depicting an event similar to his original story.  {001}
see:
Wk. 52, 12/26/1961 – Alphonso J. “Al” Jennings

1902

After a good fight, Kid Curry is taken in a Knoxville, TN, pool hall.  {001}  [Contested: 12/13/1902 – 004)

1930

Mother Jones -  - Week 48: November 26th to December 2nd1902“The most dangerous woman in America”. The passing of educator, labor, and community organizer, Mother Jones (Mary Harris Jones) in Adelphi, MD, at age 93. After losing her husband and four children to yellow fever, her business to a fire, and at nearly age 60 (1871) she became an organizer for the Knights of Labor and the United Mine Workers union. Often at the risk of her own life and serving jail time on trumped up charges such as libel, slander, conspiring to commit murder and sedition, she fought for child labor laws and workers’ rights. Her book, The Autobiography of Mother Jones (1925) tells it like it was. TYH! Photo: U.S. PD, 1902 LOC.  {001}
see also:
Quotes Index – Commentators QuotesMother Jones
Quotes Index – Rules to Live by Mother Jones

1940

Death of Albert Looking Elk, To’nu, (Albert Martinez) at approx. 52 yrs. Model and artist. His subject matter was the landscape of the southwest, the mythology of his culture and his Taos Pueblo home. One of the “Three Pueblo Painters,” his early success allowed him to become the first member of his tribe to own a car (a Studebaker*).  {001}
see:
*Wk. 01/01/1868 – H. & C. Studebaker
Wk. 04, 01/24/2003 – about the painters

1942

Buck Jones Promo - Week 48: November 26th to December 2ndBuck Jones+2, (Charles Gebhart), age 52, dies of injuries sustained in the Coconut Grove fire. Cavalryman, working cowboy (101 Ranch), stuntman, comic book hero, western actor with more than 160 films to his credit. Silents: The Last Straw (1920), Desert Valley (1926); Talkies: The Lone Rider (1930), Dawn on the Great Divide (1942). Horses: Silver, Eagle & Sandy. Photo: U.S. PD pre-1942, studio promo.  {001}

December

The remaining days of this week fall in December.

12/1 of…1854

William Temple Hornaday born in Avon, ID. Author, conservationist, taxidermist, zoologist.  {001}

1855

A shooting leads to the Wakarusa War. Pro-slavery Missourians lay siege to Lawrence, KS. One death.  {001}

1870

Charley Clusker and party returned from the desert yesterday, just as we were going to press. They had a hard time of it, but they have succeeded in their effort. The ship (The Lost Ship in the Desert) has been found! Charley returns to the desert today, to reap the fruition of his labors. He was without food or water, under a hot broiling sun for over twenty-four hours, and came near perishing.” Follow-up from the Los Angles Star of 11/12/1870.  {001}
see:
Wk. 46, 11/12/1870 – Los Angles Star
The Originals Index – Lost Treasures in the Old WestThe Lost Ship in the Desert

1873

During a drunken brothel run, Lincoln County sheriff Lewis “Jack” Gylam with Ben Horrell kill Lincoln, NM, local constable Juan Martinez as he attempts to disarm them for the second time that evening. Other officers kill them both before they can escape.  {001}

1880

LCW: Following the previous day’s events, Billy the Kid+3, Billy Wilson+3 and Dave Rudabaugh+2 are located holed up in a ranch house about 40 miles from White Oaks, NM. After negotiations with the posse, owner Jim Greathouse and posse leader Deputy Sheriff James Carlyle agree to become exchange hostages. Near midnight, Carlyle leaps from a window and is shot to death (maybe by Billy?). The outlaws escape in the confusion. The frustrated, angry posse burns Greathouse’s ranch house to the ground.  {001}

1883

Six Omaha, NE, area businessmen re-capitalize the Union Stock Yards Company of Omaha (1876) and gear up to compete with Chicago’s Union Stockyards. They are many rail miles closer to the herds. Cattle and sheep from twenty states will come here for slaughter, contributing to an immense meat-packing industry. The yards shut down in 1999.  {001}

1886

The Barrows Gang of Jim, Rube, Henderson Bromley, Nep Thornton and others rob their first train on the Ft. Worth and Denver RR at Belleview, TX.  {001}

1903

Great Train Robbery - still - Week 48: November 26th to December 2ndThe first narrative movie, one that told a complete story. “The Great Train Robbery” directed by Edwin S. Porter and starring Gilbert M. ‘Broncho Billy’ Anderson, Slim Nesbitt, A.C. Abadie and others. Cowboy outlaws hold up a train, rob the passengers and are then pursued by a Sheriff’s posse (12 min). A still from the movie: The final scene, when the outlaw leader, Justus D. Barnes, fires his pistol directly at the audience!   {001}
see:
Wk. 18, 04/30/1941 – Edwin S. Porter
Wk. 03, 01/20/1971 – “Broncho Billy” Anderson

 

12/2 of…1859

John Brown Daguerreotype - c 1856 - Week 48: November 26th to December 2ndJohn Brown, age 59, abolitionist and perhaps America’s first terrorist, is hung in Charles Town, VA, for a raid on the Federal Arsenal at Harper’s Ferry, VA (see: Wk. 42, 10/16/1859). He refused a rescue attempt by Silas Soule and went to his death believing it would spark armed reaction to slavery. His actions and court testimony, with their impact on the public, are considered to be among the major causes of the Civil War. Photo: PD, Daguerreotype c. 1856, by John Bowles (1833-1900)  {001}
see:
Quotes Index – Commentators Quotes

1868

Sanford Duggan is lynched in Denver, CO, by some 90 vigilantes and hung from a cottonwood tree.  {001}

1922

Dead is Abraham G. Graham, known as Shotgun John Collins, at age 71. Rustler, gunfighter, outlaw, buffalo hunter, cavalry scout, gambler and stage guard, Collins got around. He was a member of the Uvalde Minutemen in Texas, the Dodge City Peace Commission, participated in the Lincoln County War (McSween Faction), spent time in Tombstone, and gambled on the Mississippi river boats for a short time. Acquainted with and associated with a Who’s Who of western notables of his times. Buried in the Concordia Cemetery in El Paso, TX.  {001}

1961

Laura Bullion-  1901 - Week 48: November 26th to December 2ndLaura Bullion, born October 1876, near Mertzon, TX, age 84 or 85, died in Memphis, TN (all in dispute among sources). Aka Laura Casey, Clara Hays, Della Rose and Mrs. Maurice Lincoln, this prostitute and outlaw ran with the Wild Bunch. She was a participant in the Great Northern Train Robbery and served time for it.* “The Thorny Rose” was the sweetheart of Ben Kilpatrick (the Tall Texan). One of only four women the Wild Bunch ever allowed at the hideout at Robber’s Roost. Photo: U.S. PD 1901, unknown.  {001}
see:
*Wk. 50, 12/13/1901 – five years…

1990

Aaron Copland - 1970 - Week 48: November 26th to December 2ndAaron Copeland, age 90, died in Sleepy Hollow, NY. Composer, writer, teacher, and director Copeland is noted here for two productions which sought to interpret the Great American West in unique forms. First the opera: Billy the Kid (1938)*, followed in 1942 by the ballet Rodeo (The Courtship at Burnt Ranch) choreographed by Agnes de Mille**. Copeland also arranged the music from the production for orchestra. Both the ballet and the symphonic piece are popular and are produced today for modern audiences. Photo: U.S. PD c. 1970? CBS TV.  {001}
see also:
*Wk. 42, 10/16/1942 – Billy the Kid (1938)
**Wk. 42, 10/16/1942 – Agnes de Mille

barbed wire divider2 - Week 48: November 26th to December 2ndEnd: Week 48: November 26th to December 2nd

{001} C 03/17; E 06/11: F 06/11; P 10/17

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